著者
後藤 春彦 松井 勝紀
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.454, pp.145-154, 1993-12-30 (Released:2017-12-25)
参考文献数
18

This paper alms to clear the present situation and problem of the signboards set up along Tokaido-Shinkansen between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka. The conclusions in this paper are as follows ; 1) A large number of signboards set up along the Shinkansen on the outskirts of the big city. And they are not in good condition on the landscape. 2) The social consensus has to be against setting up them. 3) The local governments have to pull down illegal signboards positively. 4) The sponsors have to take moral principles responsibility for their own signboards. 5) The advertising agency union has to keep under selfcontrol of setting up them.
著者
加藤 仁美
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.433, pp.129-136, 1992-03-30 (Released:2017-12-25)
参考文献数
25

There are dispersed settlements in Iki island all around. Their beginning and actual conditions are yet unknown in detail. In this study, the natural and the geographical features of this island and the allotment system of land in the Edo period are investigated in relation to the settlement pattern. And it is made clear that "the land use pattern of Iki" is a set of the land use consisting of a wind break at the back, a dwelling lot, a vegetable garden in the front and the scattered farmland. In conclusion their problems in planning are considered.
著者
横仙 勝樹 高橋 鷹志
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.395, pp.19-30, 1989-01-30 (Released:2017-12-25)

In order to clarify man-environment interaction, the paper focuses on the mental system in which we recognize the spatial relationship of the environment. This system, which is based on our usual experience, is named 'spatial schemata' here and considered as consist of the recognized 'places' and some rules which combine these 'places'. The word 'places' was defined first, after careful consideration given to the relationships between human behavior and physical settings. A model of 'spatial schemata' was hypothesized with reference to Minsky's Frame Theory. Four frames were chosen to represent 'spatial schemata' here '. 'KOKO (here)' frame, 'ASOKO (over there)' frame, which represent mentally near and far places respectively, 'connected' frame and 'separated' frame, which represent the spatial relationship between two 'places'. Finally, an analysis on subjects' sketch-maps were made to examine validity of this model. In conclusion, the differences between each types of sketch-maps were clearly described using the four frames. As a result: of this experimental investigation the proposed model of 'spatial schemata' was proved to be an effectual system to describe man-environment interaction.
著者
新谷 肇一 青木 正夫 篠原 宏年
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.376, pp.51-65, 1987-06-30 (Released:2017-12-25)

Military hospitals was very important in Japan during the Meiji Era. The Meiji Goverment founded the army and navy under the national policy to enrich and strengthen the country. Armies were stationed throughout the country, where medical treatment facilities were systematically constructed. In 1871, an image plan for military hospitals was made by Ryojun Matsumoto who was the director of Surgeon Administration Department. His plan was reasonable and interesting because of constructing some of the appropriate hospitals intead of a large hospital, but they were not realized. In 1874, a model plan for the military hospitals was made under the guidance of a French Military engineer. Kumamoto and Nagoya Garrison Hospitals, the typical examples of the model plan built in 1875 and 1878. Both hospitals were composed of bilaterally symmetrical finger plan type with a large courtyard. In 1893, a standard planning for the military hospitals was made under the influences of German medical science, which was the first important standard of hospital architecture in Japan. Most of the military hospitals constructed afterwards were based on this standard.
著者
藤岡 洋保 三村 賢太郎
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.394, pp.62-70, 1988-12-30

The art historian Takao Itagaki began to review architecture in 1929. He became one of the first architectural critics in Japan. He noticed a new trend in 'modern art' after World War I. He thought that 'machine civilization' as 'the spirit of the time' prevailed throughout 'modern art' and that architecture was one of the most characteristic arts of 'machine civilization,' which led him to review architecture. He had reviewed architecture in the 1930s and in the early 1940s, when modern architecture was introduced and practiced by the young architects in Japan. He convinced the new architecture should have been based on rationalism. He made much of practicing rationalism rigidly; he hated its skin-deep understanding and its vulgarization. But for him practicing rationalism was not the aim but the precondition for the new architecture. He thought practicing rationalism did not necessarily promise the realization of a new beauty which could express 'modern age.' It was the beauty that he really wanted the architects to realize. He pointed out some factors of architectural beauty; dimension, color, light effect and texture of materials. His reviews on the new buildings at that time showed coincidence with his architectural idea. He praised some buildings which were based on good understanding of rationalism and were exquisitely designed such as the Tokyo Central Post Office (1931; extant), the Tokyo Hospital for the Postal Staff (1937; demolished) and the Minsitry of Railroad Main Office (1937; extant).
著者
寺田 秀夫
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.414, pp.69-80, 1990-08-30
被引用文献数
4

The purpose of this study is to make geometrical logic clear and to introduce a logical method to design process for more intelligent architectural layout planning. In this paper, a procedure to derive the rectangular mosaic patterns is proposed, which are fundamental forms to be modified for the practical planning. This procedure can be divided into 3 steps roughly. First step : The graph which represents all the adjacencies between two rooms has to be defined, and for mathematical operation the adjacency matrix as well. Second step : The dual graph is to be transformed from the given primal graph. Some mathematical and geometrical methods are presented on the basis of electric circuit models for this transformation. Third step : Finally, all the possible rectangular mosaic patterns are to be found. Every pattern is isomorphic to the dual graph transformed at second step. The author and his assistant have developed the interactive pattern editor on CRT, in oder to select and modify the patterns obtained. This editor is realized to be very helpful especially for small scale projects. The result data are to be input to the CAD device. The development of more sophisticated editor is expected in future.
著者
伊藤 毅
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.380, pp.p125-134, 1987-10

Tenma Honganji Jinaimachi was consisted of Honganji Temple (the Gobo) and its town. Hongariji Temple was considered to be located on the eastern part of the Jinaimachi, and the circumference around the Jinaimachi was not permitted to be fortified by Hideyoshi. Such a construction cannot be regarded as the regular style of Honganji and it symbolically shows the change in quality of Honganji Jinaimachi under the severe control of Hideyoshi. Honganji Jinaimachi was in turn compelled to remove to Kyoto in 1591. After the removal, Tenma district didnot go to ruin, but continued as the town. Tenma-kumi (one of the regional community of Osaka in the Edo era) came into being laying the foundation of Tenma Houganji Jinaimachi.
著者
西 和夫 荒井 朝江
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.377, pp.140-147, 1987-07-30 (Released:2017-12-25)

The Katsura villa is very famous in Japan as one of the most excellent Sukiya architecture. It was the villa of Katsurano-miya Household. Katsurano-miya had four villas. One of them was ofcourse the Katsura villa. Other three of them were the Takagamine villa (Kita-ku, Kyoto City) , the Misasagi villa (Nishigyo-ku, Kyoto City) , the Kaiden villa (Nagaokakyo City). These three villas are now not in existence. This is the study on the Takagamine villa (Takagamine-oyashiki). The Takagamine villa was situated in Takagamine-dotenjo-cho, Kita-ku and Kinugasa-kagamiishi-cho, Kita-ku. There were five graceful and simple Chaya (small pavilion) , Getsuro, Kan-un, Machibito, Shunju, Kairaku.
著者
清水 擴
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.389, pp.136-142, 1988-07-30 (Released:2017-12-25)

The purpose of this paper is to make clear the genealogy of the interior decoration of "Amidado" in Heian era. The conclusions are as follows. (1) The sourse of the interior decoration of "Amidado" exists in halls of Hojoji temple. (2) The method of interior decoration was completed in Hoodo, and the other "Amidado" took Hoodo for a model. (3) "Kuhon-ojo-zu" and "Gokuraku-jodo-zu" were the main themes of the interior painting, and several "Hiten", sculpture or painting, were arranged of the upper walls. (4) The first example of the use of "Raden" (mother-of-pearl-work) existed in "Amidado" of Hojoji, and of "Makie" (lacquer) in Tohokuin of Hojoji. (5) Introduction of the painting of "Ryokai-mandara" on the columns is due to belief in "Komyo shingon".
著者
上野 邦一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.389, pp.125-135, 1988-07-30 (Released:2017-12-25)

There are two drawings of great fires at 1832 in Takayama local museum. In two drawings, I can get many informations on Takayama at 1832, for example, a shape of the town, a site of house, a distribution of "Kashiya" (houses of rent) and its owners. Three south-north roads were main streets and there were some esat-west paths that connected them. Along even three main street, there were "Kashiya" s over fifty percent, and "Kashiya" s made a row in both sides of east-west paths. There were fields on the west side of Katahara-machi, however they were not found in the map at 1873. There were seven merchants who had more than ten "Kashiya"s. There were some "Kashiya" owners who lived outside of Takayama. Some "Kashiya" owners employed "Yamori", the person who managed lands and building instead of the owner. I can not find "Yamori" in two drawings, however, I can find "Yamori" in a kinds of cencus register contemporary with drawings. After the great fire, it is often found the case that the renter rebuilt the houses. The big fire was the opportunity that owners disposed of lands and houses. Almost part of Takayama was destroyed again by the great fire at 1876. After twice great fires, Takayama kept the former road pattern and the former shape of house. This had maken Takayama into the traditional town. I think that Takayama kept the shape of the town till the end of the second War.
著者
小寺 武久
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.427, pp.149-157, 1991-09-30 (Released:2017-12-25)

The hydraulic power stations, as going up the valleys in early 20th century, were confronted with a scenic problem and were obliged to be suitable to the scenary. Shiro SATO, an architect, was invited to design these buildings on Kiso River. The building of Momoyama power station (1923) was i built in Neo-Gothic style in reinforced concrete, but the outer surfaces of which were remained to be bare concrete as cast. This somewhat curious feature is supposed to have been an attempt by the architect, aiming to establish a style of modern architecture. It also seems to symbolize the situation of Japanese architecture in 1920s.
著者
青木 義次
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.418, pp.41-50, 1990-12-30
被引用文献数
3

The utilization of computer technology in architectural design has enormous potentials to enable the designer to put more time in thinking creative thoughts. The aim of this study is to enhance the potentials by developing language system which supports the designer to express his idea of architectural form. Fundamental requirements for the language system to denote architectural form are outlined through categolyzing the vocabularies collecting from architectural literatures and as results of experiments; a) denoting the form of FARNSWORTH HOUSE by language expression and b) remaking a plan and elevation of FARNSWORTH HOUSE only from the language expression. A basic model which is based on the above requirements is proposed as a language system denoting architectural form. This model is implemented as a part of CAD system and is tested its efficiency in utilization.
著者
加藤 仁美
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.387, pp.87-98, 1988-05-30

The aims of this paper are to explain the relation between the standards established by the civil authorities and the actual circumstances of the prirate roads opened by the owners, and to consider the part that these standards performed in the residential development in the first term of Miji era. Conclusions as follows; 1) The standard in the Teinairoji rule in 1874, three kens wide except the sewers on both sides, was the lowest level that the civil authorities established with the view of horses and carts passing. 2) But practically it was difficult that the owners opened the private road in above three kens. 3) The intention with which the civil authorities investigated the Teinairoji, laid no tax on it in public interests and approved it the Minyudoro, was to keep the Teinairoji of low level under goverment control as well as possible. 4) However the owners were not pleased with the benefits from tax exemption, and were unhappy with the restriction of using their own land and the reduction of their own tytle to land property. 5) Under the circumstances, the private road standard that lowered the level to correspond to the actual conditions, lowered the road's level in the city in those days.
著者
渡辺 俊 中村 良三 渡辺 仁史
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.403, pp.97-104, 1989-09-30

The paper describes methods of estimating traffic planning for sightseeing, and sample study at Kanazawa city. In order to do the estimation two models are proposed. One is the mathematical model to find out the proper scale of the parking lot in the city area, using time series quantity data of traffic cars. The proper scale is defined by the maximum number of the time series sums of general traffic cars and sightseeing ones and capacity of crossings on the accessing routes to the city area. The other is the computer simulation model to forecast traffic jams. Fundamental framework of this is based on the Object-Oriented Event-Driven Simulation. In this model, in addition to deal with general traffic cars and sightseeing one individually, they are represented in the independent object. And it is characteristic of the model to use space network data directory instead of the block diagram like GPSS and make it possible to cope with changes of traffic planning automatically.
著者
野崎 淳夫 吉澤 晋 小峯 裕己
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.411, pp.9-16, 1990-05-30
被引用文献数
4

It is important ot clarify the air pollutant emission rates from the appliances in residences in order to protect indoor air from polluting. Traditionally, the unvented portable kerosene heaters have been one of the most popular heaters in Japan. These unvented kerosene fired space heaters, as well known, produce accumulation of contaminants indoors, of which concentration depends on the room's ventilation characteristics as well as the appliance'. Especially the emission rates from the devices have the characteristics that change in the residence with low ventilation rate where slight decrease of oxygen concentration is caused by usage of combustion appliances in a room itself. We conducted laboratory tests on their air pollutant's emission rates under lower or higher ventilation rates to determine the relationships between indoor concentration of oxygen and the emission rates of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide from two popular types of heaters in Japan. One type is of radiant kerosene space heater, the other is of kerosene fueled "fan heater" which are widely utilized in throughout Japan. We found that, with O_2 depression, CO generation rate gradually increased and NO_x generation gradually decreased.
著者
前川 道郎
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.359, pp.135-144, 1986-01-30

I have carefully scrutinized literary works of the 12th and 13th century hilosophers-DIDASCALICON by Hugh of St. -Victor, DE ANIMAE EXSILIO ET PATRIA by Honorius of Autun, DE REDUCTIONE ARTlUM AD THEOLOGIAM by St. Bonaventure, and DE DIVISIONE PHILOSOPHIAE by Dominicus Gundissalinus-in view of the classification of philosophy, science or discipline, and the orientation of MECHANICA and ARCHITECTONICA therein. In Hugh's work, MECHANICA which includes ARCHITECTONICA and six other sciences, is classified as one of four main disciplines (three others are THEORICA, PRACTICA and LOGICA) which contain traditional seven liberal arts. On the other hand, Honorius considered MECHANICA as one of ten liberal arts, which means that MECHANICA is nothing but a discipline (Wissenschaft). Thus, from 12 th century on, which is the end of Romanesque Era and the dawn of Gothic, MECHANICA and ARCHITECTONICA recovered, it seems, the ancient Greek and Roman significance of RATIOCINATIO as compared with FABLICA. 13th century, which is a century of splendid Gothic cathedrals, is also a century of preeminent architect-mastermasons. They are sometimes compared to and with high clergies and scholastic masters, as were Pierre de Montreuil and Hugh Libergier done. The fact that Gothic architects are a sort of scholars who had mastered the discipline-science which is now called architecture, is ascertained by these works of eminent philosophers in the Middle Ages.
著者
呉谷 充利
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.447, pp.143-153, 1993-05-30
被引用文献数
3

The summary is as follows: Viollet-le-Duc's rationalism constituted the essential parts of his paintings. This rationalism between mechanics and form of Gothic is transformed in his paintings into the unity of dualism, such as reason and emotion, which formed his basic concept of architecture. The artistic production can be interpreted, so to speak, as "unity of double changes", as unity of double changes such as construction into form, form into construction, for example. In searching for this idealistic unity, he encountered "L'espace indicible" which exhibits the basic Body of Modern Age, resonant with nature in his creation.
著者
田辺 新一 長谷部 ヤエ
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.448, pp.1-8, 1993-06-30
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
33

Control principle and evaluation method for thermal environment with the thermal manikin are described in this paper. Under the still air conditions, nude and clothed thermal manikin was exposed to measure skin temperatures and heat loss. Combined heat transfer coefficient for nude conditions were estimated and they were not depended on the surrounding temperatures and its averaged value was 7.9 W/m^2℃. Those at foot and hand were bigger than other parts and thigh and crotch were smaller. The method to calculate PMV from total heat loss was described. Estimation of clo value from heat loss, skin temperature of manikin, and equivalent temperature were discussed here.
著者
山田 朋来 延藤 安弘
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
no.443, pp.41-50, 1993-01-25
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
2

The purpose of this paper is to find out the factors which induce the various human living values in the neibouring environment. It may be assumed that interrelationship between environment and community creates such values. We concerned with the maintenance process in the shared space of co-operative housing 'Ajirogi-yokochoh' where the residents' participation has been made both in the planning and in the management. In conclusion, the sense of community is changeable but one of the factors which renew the satisfactory community is the diverse meanings of socializing in the process of improving the environment.