著者
新井 光一郎 浅野 良晴 高村 秀紀 岩井 一博 千福地 航平 冨澤 佑太 福島 功二
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.49, pp.1107-1110, 2015-10-20 (Released:2015-10-20)
参考文献数
12

It is important to develop high performance insulation sash to reduce energy consumption in all over the world. Since energy is wasted as heat from window. Today, high thermal insulation performance window made from wood or resin has already been in widespread use in Europe. In this paper, we compare result from thermal insulation performance test of sash according to JIS A4710 with calculation about it with simulation software according to ISO 10077.
著者
小野木 重勝
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会論文報告集 (ISSN:03871185)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.195, pp.75-81,98, 1972-05-30 (Released:2017-08-22)

The construction of Meiji Kyuden (the Imperial Palace) was commenced in 1883 and completed in 1888. The Bureau of the Imperial Palace Construction was the largest system of constructions in Meiji Era which was set up in 1882 and employed many engineers. These engineers were constituted writh the engineers of the Department of Public Works and the Imperial Household Agency and the other office. This paper describes on the change of the organigaation, the number of engineers, their past record, their careers in the construction works and considers on the significance which the Imperial Palace Construction had in the process of the development of Meiji Era's architectures.
著者
小西 敏正 茶谷 正洋 青木 義次
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会論文報告集 (ISSN:03871185)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.297, pp.71-77, 1980-11-30 (Released:2017-08-22)

The purpose of this study is to give graphical expression to the building system by symbolized building joints. On the assumption that a building is considered as a thing that is assembled systematically by building members, the organization of building members should be expressed by three kinds of matrix. ie. jointing matrix, building member matrix, joint parts matrix. By this way, not only the whole form but details can be expressed and analysis of organization of building become easy.
著者
後藤 春彦 松井 勝紀
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.454, pp.145-154, 1993-12-30 (Released:2017-12-25)
参考文献数
18

This paper alms to clear the present situation and problem of the signboards set up along Tokaido-Shinkansen between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka. The conclusions in this paper are as follows ; 1) A large number of signboards set up along the Shinkansen on the outskirts of the big city. And they are not in good condition on the landscape. 2) The social consensus has to be against setting up them. 3) The local governments have to pull down illegal signboards positively. 4) The sponsors have to take moral principles responsibility for their own signboards. 5) The advertising agency union has to keep under selfcontrol of setting up them.
著者
角 幸博 石本 正明 角 哲 原 朋教
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.25, pp.287-290, 2007-06-20 (Released:2008-08-01)

This report is the result of investigation of existing lighthouses in southern Sakhalin which were built during the Japanese period (1905∼1945). In southern Sakhalin, ten lighthouses including one beacon light were built during the Japanese period. Seven lighthouses were exist, six of them were in operation. These lighthouses are Lopatina (former Kenushi, 1918), Tonin (former Airo, 1935), Aniva (former Nakashiretoko, 1939), Lamanon (former Chirai, 1940), Slepikovsky (former Konotoro, 1943) and beacon light of the Rock of Danger (former Nijyouiwa, 1926). All of them were constructed by reinforced concrete. Moreover, houses for lighthouse keeper built in Japanese period are used now. We hope that these modern heritages for Japan and Russia will be preserved.
著者
林 盛 山﨑 康造 木村 俊明 権藤 智之
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.60, pp.935-940, 2019-06-20 (Released:2019-06-20)
参考文献数
7

This paper reports the design and construction process of 3D curved reinforced concrete roof in a recent project. In design process, “base model” based on NURBS was used to make consensus on the shape between designers and contractors. In construction, it was utilized for high precision construction and rationalization.
著者
加藤 仁美
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.433, pp.129-136, 1992-03-30 (Released:2017-12-25)
参考文献数
25

There are dispersed settlements in Iki island all around. Their beginning and actual conditions are yet unknown in detail. In this study, the natural and the geographical features of this island and the allotment system of land in the Edo period are investigated in relation to the settlement pattern. And it is made clear that "the land use pattern of Iki" is a set of the land use consisting of a wind break at the back, a dwelling lot, a vegetable garden in the front and the scattered farmland. In conclusion their problems in planning are considered.
著者
池 浩三
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会論文報告集 (ISSN:03871185)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.308, pp.145-154, 1981-10-31 (Released:2017-08-22)

This study is based mainly on the ancient documents of Imperial Household Shinto, and Chinese Classics such as Li-Chi. The most significant ritual for the enthronement of the emperor is Dai-Jo Sai. And the main stage of this event, Daijo Kyu, is a temporary sacred place set in a kind of time and space that is different from that of the ordinary world. Each of the two central pavilions placed in the sacred place is Yuki (or Suki) Shoden. The Shoden is formed of the two rooms named Shitsu and Do. These architectural structures are looked on as proper to Japan. This paper is a study about the form and the function of these two rooms as compared with the systems of ancestral temples in ancient China. In conclusion, it may be said that we can find some Chinese influences on the structures of the Shoden.
著者
横仙 勝樹 高橋 鷹志
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.395, pp.19-30, 1989-01-30 (Released:2017-12-25)

In order to clarify man-environment interaction, the paper focuses on the mental system in which we recognize the spatial relationship of the environment. This system, which is based on our usual experience, is named 'spatial schemata' here and considered as consist of the recognized 'places' and some rules which combine these 'places'. The word 'places' was defined first, after careful consideration given to the relationships between human behavior and physical settings. A model of 'spatial schemata' was hypothesized with reference to Minsky's Frame Theory. Four frames were chosen to represent 'spatial schemata' here '. 'KOKO (here)' frame, 'ASOKO (over there)' frame, which represent mentally near and far places respectively, 'connected' frame and 'separated' frame, which represent the spatial relationship between two 'places'. Finally, an analysis on subjects' sketch-maps were made to examine validity of this model. In conclusion, the differences between each types of sketch-maps were clearly described using the four frames. As a result: of this experimental investigation the proposed model of 'spatial schemata' was proved to be an effectual system to describe man-environment interaction.
著者
新谷 肇一 青木 正夫 篠原 宏年
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.376, pp.51-65, 1987-06-30 (Released:2017-12-25)

Military hospitals was very important in Japan during the Meiji Era. The Meiji Goverment founded the army and navy under the national policy to enrich and strengthen the country. Armies were stationed throughout the country, where medical treatment facilities were systematically constructed. In 1871, an image plan for military hospitals was made by Ryojun Matsumoto who was the director of Surgeon Administration Department. His plan was reasonable and interesting because of constructing some of the appropriate hospitals intead of a large hospital, but they were not realized. In 1874, a model plan for the military hospitals was made under the guidance of a French Military engineer. Kumamoto and Nagoya Garrison Hospitals, the typical examples of the model plan built in 1875 and 1878. Both hospitals were composed of bilaterally symmetrical finger plan type with a large courtyard. In 1893, a standard planning for the military hospitals was made under the influences of German medical science, which was the first important standard of hospital architecture in Japan. Most of the military hospitals constructed afterwards were based on this standard.
著者
成田 寿一郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会論文報告集 (ISSN:03871185)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.295, pp.115-124, 1980-09-30 (Released:2017-08-22)

We observed and took a measurment of sizes about ONE MILLION WOODEN MINIATURE PAGODAS, namely HYAKUMANTO, left at Horyuji temple. We manufactured a trial face lathe that had anaxis, and tools or templets in order to acturally produce the HYAKUMANTO, finally checked theire utility.
著者
山口 裕太郎 安田 幸一 川島 範久
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.60, pp.823-828, 2019-06-20 (Released:2019-06-20)
参考文献数
10

In this study, bottlenose dolphins existing breeding facilities are researched for improvement method in Japan. First, we investigated standards for dolphin breeding environments in the United States, Animal Welfare Regulations which is widely referred. Through interview with veterinarians, who are the dolphin breeding specialists, we obtained information about existing and ideal environments for breeding facilities. Based on that, problems of the existing facilities are analyzed, suggestions for improvement and improving method are described.
著者
三浦 彩子 小野田 滋
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.30, pp.577-580, 2009-06-20 (Released:2009-06-19)
参考文献数
7

Railway foot bridge at stations is one of the station structures for use of passengers. Although it is a universal railway structure in Japan, its historical development is poorly understood until now. This paper describes the history of railway foot bridges on the Tokaido Line based on historical records and drawings in the Meiji era. As the results of this survey, the diffusion process from large stations to local stations, and the standardization process in the end of the Meiji era have become clear.
著者
高橋 朋子 遠藤 新
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.60, pp.899-904, 2019-06-20 (Released:2019-06-20)
参考文献数
10

Under the ordinance on littering and non-smoking in Yokohama city, smoking is not allowed in the “No-smoking areas” designated 8 areas in the city to maintain pleasant urban environments. Even strict conditions for smokers, complaints and requests regarding butts and violation on the ordinance still have been claimed. In this case study, we analysis the complaints and requests which were received bureau of civic affairs using methods of text mining. Then we conducted interview with the department of community environment which is in charge of outdoor smoking. In the consequence, we could suggest two gaps. One is requests from residents and the city’s countermeasures for outdoor smoking, and other is recognition gaps between residents and the city. To challenge such a cross organizational issue, the collaboration of the administration and communities might be effective for coexistence among various residents.
著者
荒木 秀夫
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.60, pp.679-684, 2019-06-20 (Released:2019-06-20)
参考文献数
18

In order to investigate the seismic performance of the existing RC buildings more accurately, it is necessary to clarify the mechanical properties of concrete. In this paper, the mechanical properties of concrete from six existing buildings constructed in 1953-1974 before the execution of demolition are discussed. The compressive tests and the splitting tensile tests were performed with the obtained concrete cylinders. Modulus of elasticity, strain at the maximum strength, stress-strain curves and tensile strength are discussed in comparison with the estimated values.
著者
角 幸博 井澗 裕 石本 正明
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.14, pp.331-334, 2001-12-20 (Released:2017-04-14)
参考文献数
21

We describe the history and the present state of the Official Residence for the Commander of Karafuto-Guards, which was completed in 1908. We also deal with its suspected designer, Army Architect Yasushi Tamura (1878-1942), who is known as the designer of the Divisional Headquarters Office of the Imperial Guards. The official residence has high value in the modern architectural history not only because it is one of the oldest buildings of the Japanese colonial period in Sakhalin, but also because it was a dwelling house built for the people of highest class in Sakhalin.
著者
村川 三郎 金崎 登士巳 飯尾 昭彦
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会論文報告集 (ISSN:03871185)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.346, pp.132-142, 1984-12-30 (Released:2017-08-22)

In this paper, we extend our investigation of the reasonable number of sanitary fixtures in schools which we had mentioned in our previous paper. The contents are as follows : 1. Investigating the children's behaviour using lavatories in a kindergarten and an elementary school, we analysed the distributions of using-times, using-frequencies and simultaneous uses of sanitary fixtures. 2. Simulation method was applied for the calculation of the number of sanitary fixtures, therefore we analysed several arrival distributions at the lavatories in recesses of ten minutes between lessons, and suggested one of the arrival distribution models. 3. In addition to the above-mentioned arrival distribution, we suggested several conditions for the calculation which included not only the using-times and the using-frequencies but also the three levels of maximum waiting time as the evaluating index for the decision of the reasonable number. 4. As the results of the calculation, we showed the reasonable number of urinal for male and that of closet for female in elementary, junior high and senior high schools in each of three levels.
著者
清水 擴
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.389, pp.136-142, 1988-07-30 (Released:2017-12-25)

The purpose of this paper is to make clear the genealogy of the interior decoration of "Amidado" in Heian era. The conclusions are as follows. (1) The sourse of the interior decoration of "Amidado" exists in halls of Hojoji temple. (2) The method of interior decoration was completed in Hoodo, and the other "Amidado" took Hoodo for a model. (3) "Kuhon-ojo-zu" and "Gokuraku-jodo-zu" were the main themes of the interior painting, and several "Hiten", sculpture or painting, were arranged of the upper walls. (4) The first example of the use of "Raden" (mother-of-pearl-work) existed in "Amidado" of Hojoji, and of "Makie" (lacquer) in Tohokuin of Hojoji. (5) Introduction of the painting of "Ryokai-mandara" on the columns is due to belief in "Komyo shingon".
著者
鈴木 健二 古家 靖士 若松 俊輝
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, no.36, pp.739-744, 2011-02-20 (Released:2011-06-20)
参考文献数
14

The purpose of this paper is to report the survey of the department store in a local city implementing extension and reconstruction for increasing in floor area and improvement in function. Some results show as follows : (1)There is much room to extend upward, because the building was built as low-layer-building. So extensions were done not only to horizontal direction but also vertical direction. (2)While existing buildings were used as the department-store, changes of usage made differences of floor-height and floor-level in the building. (3)Although air-conditioning-systems were changed in 1970-1990s to keep up with the revisions of law, increasing in floor area and improvement of equipments are consisted by some means or other.
著者
上野 邦一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.389, pp.125-135, 1988-07-30 (Released:2017-12-25)

There are two drawings of great fires at 1832 in Takayama local museum. In two drawings, I can get many informations on Takayama at 1832, for example, a shape of the town, a site of house, a distribution of "Kashiya" (houses of rent) and its owners. Three south-north roads were main streets and there were some esat-west paths that connected them. Along even three main street, there were "Kashiya" s over fifty percent, and "Kashiya" s made a row in both sides of east-west paths. There were fields on the west side of Katahara-machi, however they were not found in the map at 1873. There were seven merchants who had more than ten "Kashiya"s. There were some "Kashiya" owners who lived outside of Takayama. Some "Kashiya" owners employed "Yamori", the person who managed lands and building instead of the owner. I can not find "Yamori" in two drawings, however, I can find "Yamori" in a kinds of cencus register contemporary with drawings. After the great fire, it is often found the case that the renter rebuilt the houses. The big fire was the opportunity that owners disposed of lands and houses. Almost part of Takayama was destroyed again by the great fire at 1876. After twice great fires, Takayama kept the former road pattern and the former shape of house. This had maken Takayama into the traditional town. I think that Takayama kept the shape of the town till the end of the second War.