著者
柴山 太
出版者
一般財団法人 日本国際政治学会
雑誌
国際政治 (ISSN:04542215)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.154, pp.154_46-154_61, 2008

This article presents an analytic sketch of the Hattori Group's thoughts and behavior in 1947&ndash;1952. This group, headed by ex-Colonel of Imperial Japanese Army HATTORI Takushiro, consisted of ex-members of General Staff of Imperial Japanese Army, and it sought for Japan's rearmament and its military independence from U. S. strategic influence. The group, after its establishment in 1947, intended to realize a Japanese rearmament, following the successful model of German Army's rearmament in the 1920s and 1930s. Its members admired Generals Hans von Seeckt and Paul von Hindenburg as spiritual mentors. In spite of the outbreak of the Cold War, the group never changed its original nature of Prussian-style staff officers, characterized by conviction of military rule over politics, militaristic mind, and pride of staff officers. The group vigorously waged lobbying activities for its future enrollment in a new Japanese Army and a reintroduction of prewarstyle military and governmental systems. Moreover, this group intended to revive prewar army dominance in politics, and, if possible, it desired to regain prewar continental resources and interests in Korea and China.<br>Despite the Hattori Group's posture of aiming at Japanese military autonomy from the U. S. auspice, it had been financially and politically dependent on Major General Charles Willoughby, Chief of G-2 (Intelligence), GHQ, the Far East Command. It was the most significant discrepancy, though the group members persuaded themselves that they simply used his support as a temporary measure. Since Willoughby's influence inside GHQ was gradually waning away, even more so after the dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, the group had to find another political patron. On the one hand, the group developed its political tie with ex-General SHIMOMURA Sadamu, who was once Prime Minister YOSHIDA Shigeru's military adviser. On the other hand, it endeavored to win a support from HATOYAMA Ichiro.<br>Prime Minister Yoshida, however, denied the Hattori Group's participation in Japanese National Police Reserve, forerunner of Ground Self-Defense Force, Japan. The group continued to advocate the reintroduction of Prussian-style professional army. This vision, no doubt, contradicted Yoshida's vision of founding an Anglo-American style democratic army in Japan. Before Yoshida's unshakable refusal, Hattori and his colleagues became so desperate to consider a coup d'&eacute;tat, aiming at an assassination of Yoshida and an introduction of the Hatoyama cabinet. The group eventually abandoned the coup plot, but it continued to influence over Japanese politics.
著者
柴山 太
出版者
同志社大学
雑誌
同志社アメリカ研究 (ISSN:04200918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, pp.37-78, 2001-03

アメリカ研究所セミナー, Seminarアメリカ研究所は、2000年6月30日に朝鮮戦争勃発前後における日米関係をテーマとしたセミナーを開催した。ここに掲載されている2本の論文は、セミナーの発表に使用したものである。博遠館211番教室にて15時に始まった同セミナーは、前半約40分間は柴山太(愛知学院大学助教授)が発表し、後半約40分間はアメリカ研究所助教授の井口治夫が発表した。質疑応答は15分程度行われた。1950年から1952年は、日米の政治経済関係において大きな転換期であるが、両者が発表した論文は、戦後日米関係史の分野で研究されていない内容が多分に含まれている。柴山論文は、日本の再軍備を英米がどのように据え直していったのかを検証し、井口論文は、財界人鮎川義介の活動に焦点をあてながら日米における日本の電源開発構想を検証した。本来ならば2人の講演を2回に分ける方法があったかもしれないが、2人のスケジュール上の都合と、6月30日が朝鮮戦争勃発(1950年6月25日)から50年過ぎた直後にあたることから2人の同日講演を一挙に行った次第である。