- The Editorial Committee of Annals of Vascular Diseases
- Annals of Vascular Diseases (ISSN:1881641X)
- pp.oa.18-00167, (Released:2019-05-08)
Objective: Open revascularization of the lower extremity in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) does not guarantee limb salvage. Due to the high prevalence of frailty among these patients, we hypothesized that sarcopenia negatively affects limb prognosis.Methods: Seventy-five CLTI patients who underwent open revascularization between 2011 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The lumbar psoas index, which is the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the psoas major muscles to the patients’ height squared, was used as a surrogate marker for sarcopenia. Male and female patients were stratified separately according to lumbar psoas index values. The lower two-thirds of the population for each sex were defined as the sarcopenia group, with the higher third defined as the non-sarcopenia group.Results: Comorbidities and ambulatory status did not differ between the sarcopenia (n=50) and non-sarcopenia (n=25) groups. The sarcopenia group had significantly lower overall survival rates than the non-sarcopenia group (60% vs 87% at 3 years, P<0.05). Moreover, the limb salvage rates were significantly lower in the sarcopenia group than in the non-sarcopenia group (73% vs 100% at 2 years, P<0.05).Conclusion: Sarcopenia, as measured by the lumbar psoas index, may predict poor limb prognosis in CLTI patients undergoing open revascularization.