著者
Tenjin Nishikura Shinji Koba Yuya Yokota Tsutomu Hirano Fumiyoshi Tsunoda Makoto Shoji Yuji Hamazaki Hiroshi Suzuki Yasuki Itoh Takashi Katagiri Youichi Kobayashi
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.8, pp.755-767, 2014-08-26 (Released:2014-08-26)
参考文献数
52
被引用文献数
9 22

Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate how small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) compared with LDL-C affect the long-term prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: sdLDL-C measured by heparin magnesium precipitation and LDL particle size measured by non-denatured gradient-gel electrophoresis were compared in 190 consecutive CAD patients who underwent coronary arteriography between 2003 and 2004 who did or did not develop cardiovascular events during a seven-year follow-up period. Cardiovascular events were death caused by cardiovascular diseases(CVDs), onset of acute coronary syndrome, need for coronary and peripheral arterial revascularization, hospitalization for heart failure, surgical procedure for any CVDs, and/or hospitalization for stroke. Results: First-time cardiovascular events were observed in 72 patients. Those who experienced cardiovascular events were older and had higher prevalence rates of hypertension and diabetes; significantly higher Gensini coronary atherosclerotic scores; significantly higher levels of sdLDL-C, sdLDL-C/LDL-C, and LDL-C/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratios; and greater glycated hemoglobin(Hb)A1c and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. They also had significantly smaller LDL particle sizes, HDL-C, apolipoprotein A-1, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) compared with patients without cardiovascular events. Conversely, LDL-C, non-HDL-C, apolipoprotein B, remnantlike particle cholesterol, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were similar between the two groups. A Kaplan-Meyer event-free survival curve demonstrated that patients with sdLDL-C≥35 mg/dL (median level) had significantly poorer prognosis compared with those with lower sdLDL-C levels, while patients with LDL-C ≥100 mg/dL had a non-significantly lower survival rate. Conclusion: These results confirm that sdLDL-C is a very promising biomarker to predict future cardiovascular events in the secondary prevention of stable CAD.
著者
Shinji Koba Makoto Ayaori Harumi Uto-Kondo Fumiaki Furuyama Yuya Yokota Fumiyoshi Tsunoda Makoto Shoji Katsunori Ikewaki Youichi Kobayashi
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.7, pp.865-877, 2016-07-01 (Released:2016-07-01)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
2 10

Aim: Recent studies reported that low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity rather than low HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) is strongly associated with the increased risk for coronary artery disease. It remains unclear whether exercised-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) can increase HDL cholesterol efflux capacity.Method: This study is a retrospective analysis of stored serum from patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who participated in outpatient CR program following successful percutaneous coronary intervention. We employed a cell-based cholesterol efflux system including the incubation of 3H-cholesterol labeled macrophages with apolipoprotein B-depleted serum at the onset or early phase of ACS and at 6-month follow-up periods in 57 male and 11 female patients with ACS. Cardiopulmonary exercise tests were performed at the beginning and end of CR program.Result: Fifty-seven patients completed the CR program. Compared with patients who dropped out from CR program (non-CR group), CR participants showed marked amelioration in serum lipid levels, increased efflux capacity, and improved exercise capacity. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient analysis revealed that the percent increases of efflux capacity were significantly associated with the percent increases in HDL-C (ρ=0.598, p<0.0001) and apolipoprotein A1 (ρ=0.508, p<0.0001), whereas no association between increases in efflux capacity and increases in cardiopulmonary fitness was observed. Increases in cholesterol efflux capacity were not seen in patients who continued smoking and those who did not achieve all risk factor targets and higher exercise tolerance.Conclusion: CR can markedly increase both HDL-C and HDL cholesterol efflux capacity. These results suggest that CR is a very useful therapy for reverse cholesterol transport and secondary prevention.