著者
Satoshi Ogawa Yukihiro Koretsune Masahiro Yasaka Yoshifusa Aizawa Hirotsugu Atarashi Hiroshi Inoue Shiro Kamakura Koichiro Kumagai Hideo Mitamura Ken Okumura Kaoru Sugi Takeshi Yamashita
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.7, pp.1539-1547, 2011 (Released:2011-06-24)
参考文献数
59
被引用文献数
33 43

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac rhythm disorder and a major risk factor for stroke. For more than 60 years, warfarin has been the only approved anticoagulant for prevention of stroke in patients with AF. Although highly effective, it has many limitations that make its use difficult. Therefore, several novel anticoagulants are under development to overcome the limitations of warfarin, and some of these have entered phase III clinical trials. Dabigatran is an oral, reversible direct thrombin inhibitor approved in Europe and in several other countries for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after elective knee and hip replacement surgery. It has also been approved in the United States and Japan for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular AF. In this review, the mechanism of action and pharmacological properties of new anticoagulants are described in detail, and the correct use of dabigatran in clinical practice is discussed. (Circ J 2011; 75: 1539-1547)
著者
Akihiko Nogami Kyoko Soejima Itsuro Morishima Kenichi Hiroshima Ritsushi Kato Satoru Sakagami Fumiharu Miura Keisuke Okawa Tetsuya Kimura Takashi Inoue Atsushi Takita Kikuya Uno Koichiro Kumagai Takashi Kurita Masahiko Gosho Kazutaka Aonuma for the RYOUMA Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-22-0290, (Released:2022-08-20)
参考文献数
41
被引用文献数
6

Background: Optimal periprocedural oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy before catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) and the safety profile of OAC discontinuation during the remote period (from 31 days and up to 1 year after CA) have not been well defined.Methods and Results: The RYOUMA registry is a prospective multicenter observational study of Japanese patients who underwent CA for AF in 2017–2018. Of the 3,072 patients, 82.3% received minimally interrupted direct-acting OACs (DOACs) and 10.2% received uninterrupted DOACs. Both uninterrupted and minimally interrupted DOACs were associated with an extremely low thromboembolic event rate. Female, long-standing persistent AF, low creatinine clearance, hepatic disorder, and high intraprocedural heparin dose were independent factors associated with periprocedural major bleeding. At 1 year after CA, DOAC was continued in 55.9% of patients and warfarin in 56.4%. The incidence of thromboembolic and major bleeding events for 1 year was 0.3% and 1.2%, respectively. Age ≥73 years, dementia, and AF recurrence were independently associated with major bleeding events. Univariate analyses revealed that warfarin continuation and off-label overdose of DOACs were risk factors for major bleeding after CA.Conclusions: High intraprocedural dose of heparin was associated with periprocedural major bleeding events. At 1 year after CA, over half of the patients had continued OAC therapy. Thromboembolic events were extremely low; however, major bleeding occurred in 1.2%. Age ≥73 years, dementia, and AF recurrence were independently associated with major bleeding after CA.
著者
Satoshi Ogawa Takeshi Yamashita Tsutomu Yamazaki Yoshifusa Aizawa Hirotsugu Atarashi Hiroshi Inoue Tohru Ohe Hiroshi Ohtsu Ken Okumura Takao Katoh Shiro Kamakura Koichiro Kumagai Yoshihisa Kurachi Itsuo Kodama Yukihiro Koretsune Tetsunori Saikawa Masayuki Sakurai Kaoru Sugi Toshifumi Tabuchi Haruaki Nakaya Toshio Nakayama Makoto Hirai Masahiko Fukatani Hideo Mitamura for the J-RHYTHM Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.2, pp.242-248, 2009 (Released:2009-01-23)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
85 160

Background Although previous clinical trials demonstrated the non-inferiority of a rate control to rhythm control strategy for management of atrial fibrillation (AF), the optimal treatment strategy for paroxysmal AF (PAF) remains unclear. Methods and Results A randomized, multicenter comparison of rate control vs rhythm control in Japanese patients with PAF (the Japanese Rhythm Management Trial for Atrial Fibrillation (J-RHYTHM) study) was conducted. The primary endpoint was a composite of total mortality, symptomatic cerebral infarction, systemic embolism, major bleeding, hospitalization for heart failure, or physical/psychological disability requiring alteration of treatment strategy. In the study, 823 patients with PAF were followed for a mean period of 578 days. The primary endpoint occurred in 64 patients (15.3%) assigned to rhythm control and in 89 patients (22.0%) to rate control (P=0.0128). No significant differences between the treatment strategies were observed in the incidences of death, stroke, bleeding and heart failure. Meanwhile, significantly fewer patients requested changes of assigned treatment strategy in the rhythm control vs the rate control group, which was accompanied by improvement in AF-specific quality of life scores. Conclusion The J-RHYTHM study showed that rhythm control was associated with fewer primary endpoints than rate control. However, mortality and cardiovascular morbidity were not affected by the treatment strategy (umin-CTR No. C000000106). (Circ J 2009; 73: 242 - 248)