- International Heart Journal Association
- International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
- vol.63, no.5, pp.828-836, 2022-09-30 (Released:2022-09-30)
The efficacy of direct current (DC) cardioversion before catheter ablation (CA) for persistent atrial fibrillation (PerAF) patients remains controversial. We hypothesized that maintenance of sinus rhythm (SR) by pre-ablation DC cardioversion may predict the outcome of CA in patients with PerAF. A total of 383 PerAF patients with no or mild symptoms (EHRA I/II) who had undergone DC cardioversion before CA (301 males, 65 ± 10 years old, mean atrial fibrillation (AF) duration: 25 ± 47 months) were retrospectively enrolled. Whether or not SR was maintained at least 24 hour after DC cardioversion, patients were divided into two groups, namely, the DC-SR group and DC-AF group, and then all were followed until AF recurrence after CA. After DC cardioversion, 281 (73%) patients were categorized into the DC-SR group, and 102 (27%) were categorized into the DC-AF group. A total of 195 patients underwent CA at an average of 83 (54-145) days after DC cardioversion, including 161 (83%) in the DC-SR group and 34 (17%) in the DC-AF group. During follow-up (median: 15 [10-25] months), the number of patients who were free from AF was significantly higher in the DC-SR group compared with the DC-AF group (61.5% versus 38.3%, P < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis revealed that the DC-SR group (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.45, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.21-0.99, P = 0.047) and age at first AF diagnosis (HR: 0.95, 95% CI: 0.91-1.00, P = 0.039) were the independent predictors for being AF-free after CA. In conclusion, the 24-hour rhythm outcome of pre-ablation DC cardioversion and age at first AF diagnosis may predict the recurrence of AF after CA in patients with PerAF.