- International Heart Journal Association
- International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
- vol.60, no.6, pp.1358-1365, 2019-11-30 (Released:2019-11-30)
Postoperative arrhythmias are a frequent and fatal complication after the Fontan operation. However, clinical evidence demonstrating early postoperative arrhythmias in children undergoing the Fontan operation is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of arrhythmias and identify the predictors of early postoperative supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (SVTs) after the Fontan procedure.Data were analyzed from 80 pediatric patients who underwent Fontan procedures between April 2000 and December 2017 in a single-center retrospective study. Early postoperative SVTs were defined as arrhythmias within 30 days after the Fontan procedure. We divided the patients into two groups, with or without early postoperative arrhythmias, and the predictors of early postoperative arrhythmias were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine independent predictors of early postoperative SVTs after the Fontan procedure.Early postoperative SVTs were observed in 21 patients (26.3%). The most common arrhythmia was junctional ectopic tachycardia. After an adjustment, an atrioventricular valve regurgitation (AVVR) grade of ≥2 (odds ratio 10.54, 95% confidence interval 2.52 to 44.17, P = 0.001) and preoperative arrhythmias (odds ratio 26.49, 95% confidence interval 1.64 to 428.62, P = 0.021) were significant predictors of early postoperative SVTs after the Fontan operation.An AVVR grade ≥2 and preoperative arrhythmia were significant predictors associated with early postoperative SVTs. Intervention for AVVR may provide clinical benefit for preventing early postoperative arrhythmias after the Fontan operation.