著者
Satoshi Ogawa Yukihiro Koretsune Masahiro Yasaka Yoshifusa Aizawa Hirotsugu Atarashi Hiroshi Inoue Shiro Kamakura Koichiro Kumagai Hideo Mitamura Ken Okumura Kaoru Sugi Takeshi Yamashita
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.7, pp.1539-1547, 2011 (Released:2011-06-24)
参考文献数
59
被引用文献数
33 43

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac rhythm disorder and a major risk factor for stroke. For more than 60 years, warfarin has been the only approved anticoagulant for prevention of stroke in patients with AF. Although highly effective, it has many limitations that make its use difficult. Therefore, several novel anticoagulants are under development to overcome the limitations of warfarin, and some of these have entered phase III clinical trials. Dabigatran is an oral, reversible direct thrombin inhibitor approved in Europe and in several other countries for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after elective knee and hip replacement surgery. It has also been approved in the United States and Japan for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular AF. In this review, the mechanism of action and pharmacological properties of new anticoagulants are described in detail, and the correct use of dabigatran in clinical practice is discussed. (Circ J 2011; 75: 1539-1547)
著者
Makoto Kodama Hirotaka Oda Masaaki Okabe Yoshifusa Aizawa Tohru Izumi
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
JAPANESE CIRCULATION JOURNAL (ISSN:00471828)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.11, pp.961-964, 2001 (Released:2001-10-25)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
21 26

The frequency of myocarditis and the prognosis for patients remains uncertain and, moreover, the clinical classification of myocarditis is controversial. From 1985 to 2000, 71 adult patients with clinically suspected myocarditis were admitted to 11 cardiovascular centers. Of these, 48 cases had histology proven myocarditis: 41 cases of lymphocytic myocarditis, 6 of giant cell myocarditis and 1 of eosinophilic myocarditis. Myocarditis was classified as acute (30 cases) or chronic (18 cases) according to the onset of the disease, and acute myocarditis was further categorized into common or fulminant type depending on whether or not patients required mechanical circulatory support in the management of heart failure (9 and 21 cases, respectively). Chronic myocarditis was divided into 3 subgroups: a persistent type lasting over 3 months after distinct onset (3 cases), a recurrent type (2 cases) and a latent form (13 cases). The early mortality of these 5 subtypes of myocarditis were acute common 22%, acute fluminant 43%, chronic persistent 33%, chronic recurrent 50%, and chronic latent 38%. The overall early mortality of all patients with myocarditis was 38% in spite of aggressive treatment during hospitalization. On the other hand, the long-term prognosis of patients with myocarditis was favorable; only 4 cases, who survived the active phase, died in the late phase: 1 had fulminant myocarditis and the other 3 had the chronic latent form. Thus, the early mortality of patients with myocarditis was very high regardless of the subtype, but if patients can survive the active phase, they have a favorable prognosis except with the chronic latent form. (Jpn Circ J 2001; 65: 961 - 964)
著者
Mahmoud M. Ramadan Essam M. Mahfouz Gamal F. Gomaa Tarek A. El-Diasty Louie Alldawi Taruna Ikrar Ding Limin Makoto Kodama Yoshifusa Aizawa
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.5, pp.778-785, 2008 (Released:2008-04-25)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
25 30

Background Coronary calcification has been correlated with the presence and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD), so in the present study the associations between coronary artery calcification score (CACS) and endothelial dysfunction, as well as the important inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL), were studied in asymptomatic individuals at intermediate risk for CAD. Methods and Results The study group comprised 177 subjects (103 males) aged 50.6±5.9 years. CACS was measured by multidetector computed tomography using the Agatston method. Endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and endothelium-independent nitroglycerin-mediated dilatation (NMD) were measured by high-resolution external brachial ultrasound. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) was detected in 82 subjects (52 males), and the median CACS was 143 [31-311.25] units. After adjusting for gender and body mass index, log (CACS +1) correlated positively with age (r=0.401, p<0.001) and IL-6 levels (r=0.442, p<0.001), and negatively with FMD (r=-0.511, p<0.001). The correlations of log (CACS +1) with CRP and OxLDL levels, and with NMD, were non-significant. In a multivariate-adjusted logistic regression model, age (odds ratio (OR) =1.083 [1.014-1.156]), serum IL-6 level (OR=3.837 [2.166-6.798]) and FMD (OR=0.851 [0.793-0.913]) were significantly and independently associated with CAC. Conclusions Peripheral endothelial function inversely correlated with CACS, whereas IL-6 level was associated with CACS. Testing for endothelial function and IL-6 level may improve cardiovascular risk assessment and help target the therapeutic strategies in asymptomatic patients at intermediate CAD risk. (Circ J 2008; 72: 778 - 785)
著者
Masafumi Nakayama Nobuhiro Tanaka Kunihiro Sakoda Yohei Hokama Kou Hoshino Yo Kimura Masashi Ogawa Jun Yamashita Yuichi Kobori Takashi Uchiyama Yoshifusa Aizawa Akira Yamashina
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.3, pp.530-536, 2015-02-25 (Released:2015-02-25)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
20 19

Background:Papaverine is useful for evaluating the functional status of a coronary artery, but it may provoke malignant ventricular arrhythmia (VA). The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence, and clinical and ECG characteristics of patients with papaverine-induced VAs.Methods and Results:The 182 consecutive patients underwent fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement of 277 lesions. FFR was determined after intracoronary papaverine administration by standard procedures. The clinical and ECG characteristics were compared between patients with and without ventricular tachycardia (VT: ≥3 successive premature ventricular beats (PVBs), or ventricular fibrillation (VF)). After papaverine administration, the QTc interval, QTUc interval, and T-peak to U-end interval were prolonged significantly. Single PVBs on the T-wave or U-wave type developed in 29 patients (15.9%). Polymorphic VT (torsade de pointes) occurred in 5 patients (2.8%), and of those, VF developed in 3 patients (1.7%). No clinical and baseline ECG parameters were predictors for VT or VF except for sex and administration of papaverine into the left coronary artery. Excessive prolongation of QT (or QTU), T-peak to U-end intervals and giant T-U waves were found immediately prior to the ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTAs), which were unpredictable from the baseline data.Conclusions:Intracoronary administration of papaverine induced fatal VTAs, although the incidence is rare. Excessive prolongation of the QT (and QTU) interval appeared prior to VTAs; however, they were unpredictable. (Circ J 2015; 79: 530–536)
著者
Kazuyuki Ozaki Takaaki Kubo Ryuta Imaki Hisahito Shinagawa Hidehira Fukaya Keita Ohtaki Seiga Ozaki Tohru Izumi Yoshifusa Aizawa
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.4, pp.216-219, 2006 (Released:2006-08-15)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
32 38

We investigated the lipid lowering and anti-atherosclerotic effects of atorvastatin in patients with hypercholesterolemia. Thirty patients were given atorvastatin 10 mg daily, and assessed for serum lipids, intima-media thickness (IMT), and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV) at the baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Remnant-like particle-cholesterol (RLP-C), lipoprotein (a)(Lp(a)), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were measured in some patients at the baseline and at 6 months. Total cholesterol, triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly decreased by 32%, 23% and 44% at 6 months, respectively, and these effects were sustained at 12 months. There was no change in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. IMT at the baseline was 0.88 ± 0.16 mm and decreased to 0.76 ± 0.13 mm at 6 months, remaining at 0.75 ± 0.12 mm at 12 months. We did not observe any significant changes in ba-PWV. RLP-C and hs-CRP were significantly reduced from 7.3 ± 10.8 mg/dL to 4.3 ± 5.3 mg/dL and 0.075 ± 0.065 mg/dL to 0.039 ± 0.043 mg/dL at 6 months, respectively. There was no change in Lp(a). The observed decrease in IMT suggests that atorvastatin possibly improves atherosclerosis, in addition to the significant reduction of serum lipids.
著者
Satoshi Ogawa Takeshi Yamashita Tsutomu Yamazaki Yoshifusa Aizawa Hirotsugu Atarashi Hiroshi Inoue Tohru Ohe Hiroshi Ohtsu Ken Okumura Takao Katoh Shiro Kamakura Koichiro Kumagai Yoshihisa Kurachi Itsuo Kodama Yukihiro Koretsune Tetsunori Saikawa Masayuki Sakurai Kaoru Sugi Toshifumi Tabuchi Haruaki Nakaya Toshio Nakayama Makoto Hirai Masahiko Fukatani Hideo Mitamura for the J-RHYTHM Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.2, pp.242-248, 2009 (Released:2009-01-23)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
85 160

Background Although previous clinical trials demonstrated the non-inferiority of a rate control to rhythm control strategy for management of atrial fibrillation (AF), the optimal treatment strategy for paroxysmal AF (PAF) remains unclear. Methods and Results A randomized, multicenter comparison of rate control vs rhythm control in Japanese patients with PAF (the Japanese Rhythm Management Trial for Atrial Fibrillation (J-RHYTHM) study) was conducted. The primary endpoint was a composite of total mortality, symptomatic cerebral infarction, systemic embolism, major bleeding, hospitalization for heart failure, or physical/psychological disability requiring alteration of treatment strategy. In the study, 823 patients with PAF were followed for a mean period of 578 days. The primary endpoint occurred in 64 patients (15.3%) assigned to rhythm control and in 89 patients (22.0%) to rate control (P=0.0128). No significant differences between the treatment strategies were observed in the incidences of death, stroke, bleeding and heart failure. Meanwhile, significantly fewer patients requested changes of assigned treatment strategy in the rhythm control vs the rate control group, which was accompanied by improvement in AF-specific quality of life scores. Conclusion The J-RHYTHM study showed that rhythm control was associated with fewer primary endpoints than rate control. However, mortality and cardiovascular morbidity were not affected by the treatment strategy (umin-CTR No. C000000106). (Circ J 2009; 73: 242 - 248)

1 0 0 0 OA Impending Epidemic

著者
Yuji Okura Mahmoud M. Ramadan Yukiko Ohno Wataru Mitsuma Komei Tanaka Masahiro Ito Keisuke Suzuki Naohito Tanabe Makoto Kodama Yoshifusa Aizawa
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.3, pp.489-491, 2008 (Released:2008-02-25)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
61 270

Background The future burden of heart failure in Japan was projected to 2055 in order to prospectively estimate of the number of these patients. Methods and Results The statistics are based on prevalence data of left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) in Sado City using the Sado Heart Failure Study (2003) and population estimates from the Japanese National Institute of Population and Social Security Research Report (2006). The number of Japanese outpatients with LVD was 979,000 in 2005, and is predicted to increase gradually as the population ages, reaching 1.3 million by 2030. Conclusion LVD is expected to precipitate a future epidemic of heart failure in Japan. (Circ J 2008; 72: 489 - 491)
著者
Tsugumi Takayama Takuya Ozawa Akiko Sanada Tohru Watanabe Masahiro Ito Satoru Hirono Yoshifusa Aizawa Tohru Minamino
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.6, pp.823-827, 2018-03-15 (Released:2018-03-15)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
2

A 33-year-old man with severe aortic regurgitation underwent initial aortic valve replacement (AVR). During the 2 years after AVR, 3 reoperations for prosthetic valve detachment were required. During hospitalization, he had no typical clinical findings, with the exception of a persistent inflammatory reaction; a pseudo-aneurysm around the Bentall graft developed 27 days after the 4th operation. This unique clinical course suggested the possibility of Behçet's disease. In the 8 years of follow-up after the administration of prednisolone, the pseudo-aneurysm did not become enlarged and the detachment of the prosthetic valve was not observed. We herein present a case of cardiovascular Behçet's disease, with a review of the literature.
著者
Tetsuo Minamino Shuichiro Higo Ryo Araki Shungo Hikoso Daisaku Nakatani Hiroshi Suzuki Takahisa Yamada Masaaki Okutsu Kouji Yamamoto Yasushi Fujio Yoshio Ishida Takuya Ozawa Kiminori Kato Ken Toba Yoshifusa Aizawa Issei Komuro EPO-AMI-II Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-0889, (Released:2018-02-02)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
13

Background:Erythropoietin (EPO) has antiapoptotic and tissue-protective effects, but previous clinical studies using high-dose EPO have not shown cardioprotective effects, probably because of platelet activation and a lack of knowledge regarding the optimal dose. In contrast, a small pilot study using low-dose EPO has shown improvement in left ventricular function without adverse cardiovascular events.Methods and Results:We performed a multicenter (25 hospitals), prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding study to clarify the efficacy and safety of low-dose EPO in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) under the Evaluation System of Investigational Medical Care of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. In total, 198 STEMI patients with low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF <50%) were randomly assigned to receive intravenous administration of EPO (6,000 or 12,000 IU) or placebo within 6 h of successful percutaneous coronary intervention. At 6 months, there was no significant dose-response relationship in LVEF improvement among the 3 groups tested (EPO 12,000 IU: 5.4±9.3%, EPO 6,000 IU: 7.3±7.7%, Placebo: 8.1±8.3%, P=0.862). Low-dose EPO also did not improve cardiac function, as evaluated by 99 mTc-MIBI SPECT or NT-proBNP at 6 months and did not increase adverse events.Conclusions:Administration of low-dose EPO did not improve LVEF at 6 months in STEMI patients (UMIN000005721).
著者
Masayuki Goto Masahito Sato Hitoshi Kitazawa Yasushi Komatsu Koichi Fuse Minoru Takahashi Masaaki Okabe Akira Yamashina Yoshifusa Aizawa
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.10, pp.1223-1226, 2015 (Released:2015-05-15)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
1 4

A 41-year-old man developed sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) with a left bundle branch block and inferior axis pattern during treadmill exercise concomitantly with unmasking of the typical Brugada electrocardiography (ECG) pattern. The typical ECG phenotype was provoked by a class IC drug. VT was not inducible with programmed electrical stimulation, but premature ventricular beat and non-sustained VT with the same morphology increased in frequency with isoproterenol treatment. Additionally, atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) was induced by electrical stimulation and VT and AVNRT were treated by radiofrequency catheter ablation.
著者
Hiroshi Inoue Ken Okumura Hirotsugu Atarashi Takeshi Yamashita Hideki Origasa Naoko Kumagai Masayuki Sakurai Yuichiro Kawamura Isao Kubota Kazuo Matsumoto Yoshiaki Kaneko Satoshi Ogawa Yoshifusa Aizawa Masaomi Chinushi Itsuo Kodama Eiichi Watanabe Yukihiro Koretsune Yuji Okuyama Akihiko Shimizu Osamu Igawa Shigenobu Bando Masahiko Fukatani Tetsunori Saikawa Akiko Chishaki on behalf of the J-RHYTHM Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-13-0290, (Released:2013-05-25)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
52 107

Background: Target anticoagulation levels for warfarin in Japanese patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) are unclear. Methods and Results: Of 7,527 patients with NVAF, 1,002 did not receive warfarin (non-warfarin group), and the remaining patients receiving warfarin were divided into 5 groups based on their baseline international normalized ratio (INR) of prothrombin time (≤1.59, 1.6–1.99, 2.0–2.59, 2.6–2.99, and ≥3.0). Patients were followed-up prospectively for 2 years. Primary endpoints were thromboembolic events (cerebral infarction, transient ischemic attack, and systemic embolism), and major hemorrhage requiring hospital admission. During the follow-up period, thromboembolic events occurred in 3.0% of non-warfarin group, but at lower frequencies in the warfarin groups (2.0, 1.3, 1.5, 0.6, and 1.8%/2 years for INR values of ≤1.59, 1.6–1.99, 2.0–2.59, 2.6–2.99, and ≥3.0, respectively; P=0.0059). Major hemorrhage occurred more frequently in warfarin groups (1.5, 1.8, 2.4, 3.3, and 4.1% for INR values ≤1.59, 1.6–1.99, 2.0–2.59, 2.6–2.99, and ≥3.0, respectively; P=0.0041) than in non-warfarin group (0.8%/2 years). These trends were maintained when the analyses were confined to patients aged ≥70 years. Conclusions: An INR of 1.6–2.6 is safe and effective at preventing thromboembolic events in patients with NVAF, particularly patients aged ≥70 years. An INR of 2.6–2.99 is also effective, but associated with a slightly increased risk in major hemorrhage. (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry UMIN000001569)
著者
Masahito Sato Satoru Fujita Atushi Saito Yoshio Ikeda Hitoshi Kitazawa Minoru Takahashi Junji Ishiguro Masaaki Okabe Yuichi Nakamura Tsuneo Nagai Hiroshi Watanabe Makoto Kodama Yoshifusa Aizawa
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.8, pp.947-953, 2006 (Released:2006-07-25)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
70 89

Background On October 23, 2004, a major earthquake, which registered 6.8 on the Richter scale, occurred in Niigata Prefecture in Japan. Emotional stress is important as a trigger of transient left ventricular apical ballooning (so-called `Takotsubo' cardiomyopathy), but its incidence and clinical profile immediately after a natural disaster have not been fully elucidated. Methods and Results `Takotsubo' cardiomyopathy was diagnosed in 16 patients (1 man, 15 women, mean age 71.5 years) within 1 month after the earthquake. Of them, 13 (81%) lived in areas where the Japan Meteorological Agency seismic intensity scale registered 6 or above, and 11 (69%) developed symptoms on the day of the earthquake. The incidence of `Takotsubo' cardiomyopathy 1 month after the earthquake was approximately 24-fold higher near the epicenter than that before the earthquake. Conclusion `Takotsubo' cardiomyopathy can occur on the day of the earthquake in elderly women living near the epicenter. (Circ J 2006; 70: 947 - 953)
著者
Nobue Yagihara Akinori Sato Hiroshi Furushima Masaomi Chinushi Takashi Hirono Yoshifusa Aizawa
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.18, pp.1979-1982, 2010 (Released:2010-09-15)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
9 9

A 75-year-old man was admitted to our hospital in January 2010 for evaluation of syncope and abnormal ECG. ECG showed type 1 ST elevation in lead V1 and he was diagnosed as Brugada syndrome. During cardiac catheterization, baseline coronary angiography was normal, but intracoronary ergonovine maleate induced spasms of the right and left coronary arteries concomitant with chest pain and ST elevation on ECG. J waves were accentuated or newly developed. Soon after an intracoronary injection of nitroglycerin, chest pain was relieved and ischemia-induced J wave disappeared and the ST segment returned to the same morphology as baseline. Extrastimuli induced ventricular fibrillation. He received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. He was also treated with Ca antagonist and isosorbide dinitrate and has had an uneventful course for 5 months.