- The Japanese Circulation Society
- Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
- pp.CJ-23-0365, (Released:2023-08-22)
Background: We have reported that a prehospital 12-lead electrocardiography system (P-ECG) contributed to transport of suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients to appropriate institutes and in this study, we compared its usefulness between urban and rural areas, and between weekday daytime and weekday nighttime/holiday.Methods and Results: Consecutive STEMI patients who underwent successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention after using P-ECG were assigned to the P-ECG group (n=123; 29 female, 70±13 years), and comparable STEMI patients without using P-ECG were assigned to the conventional group (n=117; 33 females, mean age 70±13 years). There was no significant difference in door-to-reperfusion times between the rural and urban cases (70±32 vs. 69±29 min, P=0.73). Door-to-reperfusion times in the urban P-ECG group were shorter than those in the urban conventional group for weekday nighttime/holiday (65±21 vs. 83±32 min, P=0.0005). However, there was no significance different between groups for weekday daytime. First medical contact to reperfusion time (90±22 vs. 105±37 min, P=0.0091) in the urban P-ECG group were significantly shorter than in the urban conventional groups for weekday nighttime/holiday, but were not significantly different between the groups for weekday daytime.Conclusions: P-ECG is useful even in urban areas, especially for patients who develop STEMI during weekday nighttime or while on a holiday.