著者
Hidehiro Iwakawa Masateru Takigawa Junji Yamaguchi Claire A Martin Masahiko Goya Tasuku Yamamoto Miki Amemiya Takashi Ikenouchi Miho Negishi Iwanari Kawamura Kentaro Goto Takatoshi Shigeta Takuro Nishimura Tomomasa Takamiya Susumu Tao Shinsuke Miyazaki Hiroyuki Watanabe Tetsuo Sasano
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0574, (Released:2023-10-27)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
1

Background: For lesion size prediction, each input parameter, including ablation energy (AE), and output parameter, such as impedance, is individually used. We hypothesize that using both parameters simultaneously may be more optimal.Methods and Results: Radiofrequency applications at a range of power (30–50 W), contact force (10 g and 20 g), duration (10–60 s), and catheter orientation with normal saline (NS)- or half-normal saline (HNS)-irrigation were performed in excised porcine hearts. The correlations, with lesion size of AE, absolute impedance drop (∆Imp-drop), relative impedance drop (%Imp-drop), and AE*%Imp-drop were examined. Lesion size was analyzed in 283 of 288 lesions (NS-irrigation, n=142; HNS-irrigation, n=141) without steam pops. AE*%Imp-drop consistently showed the strongest correlations with lesion maximum depth (NS-irrigation, ρ=0.91; HNS-irrigation, ρ=0.94), surface area (NS-irrigation, ρ=0.87; HNS-irrigation, ρ=0.86), and volume (NS-irrigation, ρ=0.94; HNS-irrigation, ρ=0.94) compared with the other parameters. Moreover, compared with AE alone, AE*%Imp-drop significantly improved the strength of correlation with lesion maximum depth (AE vs. AE*%Imp-drop, ρ=0.83 vs. 0.91, P<0.01), surface area (ρ=0.73 vs. 0.87, P<0.01), and volume (ρ=0.84 vs. 0.94, P<0.01) with NS-irrigation. This tendency was also observed with HNS-irrigation. Parallel catheter orientation showed a better correlation with lesion depth and volume using ∆Imp-drop, %Imp-drop, and AE*%Imp-drop than perpendicular orientation.Conclusions: The combination of input and output parameters is more optimal than each single parameter for lesion prediction.
著者
Tomofumi Nakamura Takeshi Aiba Wataru Shimizu Tetsushi Furukawa Tetsuo Sasano
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-22-0496, (Released:2022-11-12)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
8

Background: Brugada syndrome is a potential cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and is characterized by a distinct ECG, but not all patients with A Brugada ECG develop SCD. In this study we sought to examine if an artificial intelligence (AI) model can predict a previous or future ventricular fibrillation (VF) episode from a Brugada ECG.Methods and Results: We developed an AI-enabled algorithm using a convolutional neural network. From 157 patients with suspected Brugada syndrome, 2,053 ECGs were obtained, and the dataset was divided into 5 datasets for cross-validation. In the ECG-based evaluation, the precision, recall, and F1score were 0.79±0.09, 0.73±0.09, and 0.75±0.09, respectively. The average area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was 0.81±0.09. On per-patient evaluation, the AUROC was 0.80±0.07. This model predicted the presence of VF with a precision of 0.93±0.02, recall of 0.77±0.14, and F1score of 0.81±0.11. The negative predictive value was 0.94±0.11 while its positive predictive value was 0.44±0.29.Conclusions: This proof-of-concept study showed that an AI-enabled algorithm can predict the presence of VF with a substantial performance. It implies that the AI model may detect a subtle ECG change that is undetectable by humans.
著者
Hiroki Ueno Masahiro Hoshino Eisuke Usui Tomoyo Sugiyama Yoshihisa Kanaji Masahiro Hada Toru Misawa Tatsuhiro Nagamine Yoshihiro Hanyu Kai Nogami Kodai Sayama Kazuki Matsuda Tatsuya Sakamoto Taishi Yonetsu Tetsuo Sasano Tsunekazu Kakuta
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0293, (Released:2023-10-19)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
2

Background: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) provides prognostic information, but limited data are available regarding prognostication using post-PCI coronary flow reserve (CFR). In this study we aimed to assess the prognostic value of post-procedural FFR and CFR for target vessel failure (TVF) after PCI.Methods and Results: This lesion-based post-hoc pooled analysis of previously published registry data involved 466 patients with chronic coronary syndrome with single-vessel disease who underwent pre- and post-PCI FFR and CFR measurements, and were followed-up to determine the predictors of TVF. The prognostic value of post-PCI CFR and FFR was compared with that of FFR or CFR alone. Post-PCI FFR/CFR discordant results were observed in 42.5%, and 10.3% of patients had documented TVF. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the optimal cutoff values of post-PCI FFR and CFR to predict the occurrence of TVF were 0.85 and 2.26, respectively. Significant differences in TVF were detected according to post-PCI FFR (≤0.85 vs. >0.85, P=0.007) and post-PCI CFR (<2.26 vs. ≥2.26, P<0.001). Post-PCI FFR ≤0.85 and post-PCI CFR <2.26 were independent prognostic predictors.Conclusions: After PCI completion, discordant results between FFR and CFR were not uncommon. Post-PCI CFR categorization showed incremental prognostic value for predicting TVF independent of post-PCI FFR risk stratification.
著者
Taku Fukushima Taishi Yonetsu Norio Aoyama Akira Tashiro Takayuki Niida Yuka Shiheido-Watanabe Yasuhiro Maejima Mitsuaki Isobe Takanori Iwata Tetsuo Sasano
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-21-0720, (Released:2021-11-18)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
3

Background:This study aimed to investigate the effect of periodontal disease (PD) on the outcomes of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods and Results:The study included 77 consecutive non-smoking patients with de novo coronary lesions treated with a drug-eluting stent (DES). Periodontal measurements, including the community periodontal index (CPI), were performed by independent periodontists. A CPI score of ≥3 was used to define PD. The occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), which were defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization, or non-target lesion revascularization, was compared between patients with and without PD. Of the 77 patients, 49 (63.6%) exhibited a CPI score of 3 or 4 and were assigned to the PD group. The remaining 28 patients (36.4%) were assigned to the non-PD group. Baseline clinical characteristics and angiographic findings were comparable between the 2 groups. MACEs occurred in 13 (26.5%) of the PD patients and 2 (7.1%) of the non-PD patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a significantly lower MACE-free survival rate in the PD group than for the non-PD group (P=0.034).Conclusions:PD at baseline was associated with an increased risk of MACEs in CAD patients who were treated with a DES for de novocoronary lesions.
著者
Tatsuhiko Hirao Yasuteru Yamauchi Rena Nakamura Takatoshi Shigeta Hiroshi Yoshida Shinichi Tachibana Atsuhito Oda Aki Ito Mitsutoshi Asano Hidetoshi Suzuki Tsukasa Shimura Manabu Kurabayashi Masahiko Goya Kaoru Okishige Tetsuo Sasano
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.2, pp.320-328, 2021-03-30 (Released:2021-03-30)
参考文献数
24

Second-generation cryoballoon (CB) ablation is effective in achieving pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. The "crosstalk" (CST) phenomenon has been reported to reduce unnecessary applications during CB ablation. Nevertheless, it is unclear under what conditions the CST phenomenon occurs.To seek the predictors of the CST phenomenon during CB-guided PVI, CST phenomenon in achieving ipsilateral superior PVI during inferior PV ablation was analyzed in AF patients who underwent de novo ablation using CB. CB occlusion status and nadir balloon temperature (NT) were compared in these patients, and all ablated superior PVs were categorized into three groups according to the necessity of the touch up ablation and effectiveness of the phenomenon.Of 1082 superior PVs, 16, 40, and 1026 were classified into the CST success, CST failure, and control groups (unnecessary CST), respectively. The proportion of superior PVs ablated with complete occlusion using the CB was significantly higher in the CST success group than in the other two groups. The proportion of superior PVs ablated with NT ≤ −46°C was higher in the CST success group than in the CST failure group. The CST phenomenon was always observed if CB ablation of the superior PVs was performed with both complete occlusion and NT ≤ −46°C and was almost always ineffective if it did not meet these two criteria (sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 93%).Successful CST ablation was highly predicted if complete PV occlusion and NT ≤ −46°C during CB ablation of the superior PVs were achieved.
著者
Yuji Matsuda Takashi Ashikaga Taro Sasaoka Yu Hatano Tomoyuki Umemoto Tetsumin Lee Taishi Yonetsu Yasuhiro Maejima Tetsuo Sasano
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.4, pp.665-672, 2020-07-30 (Released:2020-07-30)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
1

Clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for severely calcified lesions remain poor. The purpose of this study was to investigate the neointimal response after everolimus-eluting stents (EES) for severely calcified lesions treated with rotational atherectomy (RA) using optical coherence tomography (OCT).We retrospectively analyzed 34 lesions in which PCI was performed with EES deployment following RA and OCT was performed immediately after PCI and at follow-up (nine months). The EES was either durable-polymer (DP) EES (22 lesions) or bioabsorbable polymer (BP) -EES (12 lesions). Strut coverage and malapposition were evaluated at 1-mm intervals of cross-section (CS) by serial OCT analysis. Malapposed strut was defined as having the distance from luminal border > 100 μm.A total of 11,823 struts immediately after PCI and 11,720 struts at follow-up were analyzed. Immediately after PCI, the strut-level analysis showed no significant differences in the percentage of malapposed struts between the DP-EES group and the BP-EES group. At follow-up, the BP-EES group showed a more prevalent covered strut compared with the DP-EES group (strut-level analysis: 95% versus 97%, P = 0.045; CS-level analysis: 97% versus 100%, P < 0.01; lesion-level analysis: 27% versus 83%, P < 0.01, respectively).In severely calcified lesions requiring RA, the BP-EES group achieved better neointimal coverage than the DP-EES group at nine months. Additional prospective studies are needed.
著者
Yu Natsume Kasumi Oaku Kentaro Takahashi Wakana Nakamura Ai Oono Satomi Hamada Masahiro Yamazoe Kensuke Ihara Takeshi Sasaki Masahiko Goya Kenzo Hirao Tetsushi Furukawa Tetsuo Sasano
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-1194, (Released:2018-02-05)
参考文献数
44
被引用文献数
33

Background:Recent experimental studies have demonstrated that several microRNAs (miRNAs) expressed in atrial tissue promote a substrate of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, because it has not been fully elucidated whether these experimental data contribute to identifying circulating miRNAs as biomarkers for AF, we used a combined analysis of human serum and murine atrial samples with the aim of identifying these biomarkers for predicting AF.Methods and Results:Comprehensive analyses were performed to screen 733 miRNAs in serum from 10 AF patients and 5 controls, and 672 miRNAs in atrial tissue from 6 inducible atrial tachycardia model mice and 3 controls. We selected miRNAs for which expression was detected in both analyses, and their expression levels were changed in the human analyses, the murine analyses, or both. This screening identified 11 candidate miRNAs. Next, we quantified the selected miRNAs using a quantitative RT-PCR in 50 AF and 50 non-AF subjects. The individual assessment revealed that 4 miRNAs (miR-99a-5p, miR-192-5p, miR-214-3p, and miR-342-5p) were significantly upregulated in AF patients. A receiver-operating characteristics curve indicated that miR-214-3p and miR-342-5p had the highest accuracy. The combination of the 4 miRNAs modestly improved the predictive accuracy for AF (76% sensitivity, 80% specificity).Conclusions:Novel circulating miRNAs were upregulated in the serum of AF patients and might be potential biomarkers of AF.