著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.223-247, 1995-09-30

Edmund Burke is generally recognized as the father of modern conservatism. For conservaties, he has been a continuing source of inspiration and a reservoir of ideas to counter the steady growth of radicalism and revolution since his day. As a conservative, what Burke had to conserve before everything else was the British Constitution. It seemed to him the best of constitutions. He did not regard the British Constitution as perfect, but he looked upon it as perfect for Englishmen. The purpose of this study is to clear the conservative political thought of Edmund Burke by considering his "Speech to the Electors of Bristol" and his plan for Economical Reform.
著者
岸本 広司 Hiroshi Kishimot
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 = Bulletin of Gifu College of Education (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.129-152, 1996-02-29

Edmund Burke introduced an Economical Reform Bill into Parliament on 11 February 1780 with one of his finest speeches. It was a refrom bill which would reduce patronage power of the Crown, and thus reduce its power to control the House of Commons. It was not Burke's intention blindly to preserve any institution. He recognized that change was an integral part of the social process. He advocated many reforms, especially economical reform. But reform for him meant the amelioration of the British Constitution, not its replacement by something new. Therefore his conception of reform was intrinsically conservative. In this paper, I clarify the relationship between conservation and reformation in Burke's political thought.
著者
川越 次郎
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.109-124, 1992-02-28

This article is a part of trials of the searching for the philosophical premises of "action" which is generally situated in the starting point of sociology. Recently, there has been a hot contraversy which is concerned in the Nietzsche's will to power, that is, a contraversy between the so called post-structuralism and the hermeneutics. Concretely, this contraversy has been developed by focusing on the Heidegger's interpretation of Nietzsche. On the one hand, by J. Derrida who is the representative of the former, and the other hand, by H.-G. Gadammer who is the same of the latter. In this paper, I'm going to chach the sight of stronger basis of sociological theory through the critical study of this contraversy.
著者
広瀬 孝文 ボーチェック ボレスラフ A.
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.28-56, 1976-07-20

This is a study of the relationship between the status of permanent neutrality and the modern system of collective security. The point in question is whether or not the status of permanent. Neutrality is compatible with the system of collective security which requires its members to participate in coercive measures against a common enemy. Based on a number of scholastic arguments presented in the past this is a comparative study of two different arguments : one by Switzerland which is not a member of the United Nations, and the other by Austria which has been a member of the U. N. since 1955. First, it examines these arguments in order to determine why Switzerland and Austria chose different, courses. Then, actual practices of these states in relation to the U. N. are examined in order to probe the possibility or impossibility of the existence of permanent neutrality in the United Nations. It is, then, concluded that, from a legal point of view, there remain many conditions that must be met before a permanently neutral state can become a member of the U. N. without any anxiety. But Austria became a member for her own politicalreasons, and the stability of her status in the U. N. largely depends on the political atmosphere of the organization. Whether a member of the U. N. or not, a permanently neutral state can contribute a great deal to the world peace in its own way.
著者
江川 良一
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.29-47, 1979-07-20

1920年代において, アメリカ史学界を蔽いつくした観のあった安全弁説は, 30年代に入って, フロンティア学説批判中の最大の争点として, 俄かに物議をかもしはじめる。この突然とも見える批判の嵐は何故に生じたのであろうか?本稿では, D・A・シャノンの示唆に基づき, 大恐慌とそれに続くニューディール時代の社会不安との関連において, その原因を追求してみる。そのためにこの時期を, 1929年以後のフーヴァー政権時代, NRA体制とその修正時代, 37年以後の再度の景気後退時代-の三つに別けて, 各々の時点での関連を考察する。その上で, 安全弁説への疑惑の発生, その後の批判活動の波動等が, 29年直後のパニックとは結びつかないこと, むしろニューディール政策とその破綻による社会的・経済的不安が, その原因であったことなどを, 明らかにするのが本稿の目的である。
著者
服部 美奈 Mina Hattori
雑誌
岐阜聖徳学園大学紀要. 教育学部外国語学部 = The annals of Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University. Faculty of Education Faculty of Foreign Languages (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, pp.51-66, 1999-09-30

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the Islamic view on newborn infants in relation to the concept of fitrah. In Islam, all newborn infants are born with a fitrah, which means one's possibilities and basi abilities. In particular, the fitrah of faith and that of God's nature are emphasezed. Newborn infants are considered to have a fitrah of faith in Allah and to be pure in nature, because every human being makes a promise to Allah before their birth Allah breathes His spirit into them. Additionally, some rituals--for example, Adzan and Qamat, and 'Aqiqah--are carried out to develop fitrah.
著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 = Bulletin of Gifu College of Education (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
no.33, pp.311-330, 1997-02-28

Edmund Burke was blamed by his Bristol constituents. The charges against him were : first, his failure to visit Bristol more often; second, his favouring of Ireland rather than Bristol in the argument over liberalising trade; third, his support for a bill introduced by Lord Beauchamp; fourth, his religious bias for Catholicism. He was defeated in a general election of 1780,although he defended his entire record as representative from Bristol. In this paper, I consider Burke's view on catholic relief in relation to the Irish problems and clarify that it was one of reasons of his loss of Bristol constituency.
著者
久野 誠
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 = Bulletin of Gifu College of Education (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, pp.61-80, 1997-02-28

Il y a longtemps que la Comparaison est negligee par rapport a la Metaphore a cause de la simplicite superficielle. En Europe, la Metaphore est presque synonyme des images. Mais, au Japon, c'est la Comparaison qui represente celles-ci. Que signifie-t-elle, cette difference? Cela nous renverra a la particularite de la copule japonaise. Nous tatonnerons des possibilites expressives de la Comparaison par l'examen des definitions et classifications passees. Aussi, nous en venous a identifier deux conditions necessaires pour la formation de la Comparaison : Imprevisibilite et Justice.
著者
広瀬 孝文/ボーチェック ボレスラフ A. Takafumi/Boczek Boleslaw A. Hirose
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 = Bulletin of Gifu College of Education (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.28-56, 1976-07-20

This is a study of the relationship between the status of permanent neutrality and the modern system of collective security. The point in question is whether or not the status of permanent. Neutrality is compatible with the system of collective security which requires its members to participate in coercive measures against a common enemy. Based on a number of scholastic arguments presented in the past this is a comparative study of two different arguments : one by Switzerland which is not a member of the United Nations, and the other by Austria which has been a member of the U. N. since 1955. First, it examines these arguments in order to determine why Switzerland and Austria chose different, courses. Then, actual practices of these states in relation to the U. N. are examined in order to probe the possibility or impossibility of the existence of permanent neutrality in the United Nations. It is, then, concluded that, from a legal point of view, there remain many conditions that must be met before a permanently neutral state can become a member of the U. N. without any anxiety. But Austria became a member for her own politicalreasons, and the stability of her status in the U. N. largely depends on the political atmosphere of the organization. Whether a member of the U. N. or not, a permanently neutral state can contribute a great deal to the world peace in its own way.
著者
大塚 容子
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
岐阜聖徳学園大学紀要. 教育学部外国語学部 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, pp.117-131, 1999-02-28

The paper presents the prefaces used in the discussion in a TV program in Japanese. It is natural that people should express their own opinion in the discussion without any hesitation. In Japanese, however, many prefaces, hedges, indirect expressions and so on are used, when objections are raised in discussion. To summarize, the prefaces are used in both ways showing one's approval and making an objection. The use of prefaces reflects the possessing "politeness" in mind. Making an objection to someone means "Face Threating Act, " nevertheless we often have to make an objection. In this case, we show our concern of "politeness" by saying that "To tell the truth, " "If I may ask, " and so on. Received Sept. 28,1998
著者
浦上 準之助
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.143-161, 1993-09-30

The writer of present paper carried out field work research in what he calls "Kita RyuKyu (North Ryukyu)" islands in 1985 and 1986. He later intended to reconstruct, from the data collected in seven dialects of Amami Oshima islands, a language called "Proto-Amami (PA)." The purpose of reconstructing this proto-language was to find out potential evidence which could shed light on one of the most putative phonological problems of Old Japanese (OJ). The problem is what has been known as the orthographic distinction of "Ko-rui" and "Otsu-rui" syllables present in written records of Old Japanese. The present article discusses first some technical problems found in past approaches to OJ phonology, and then proposes to set up a new syllabary chart of Old Japanese, having pointed out pros and cons of the one traditionally adopted by past Japanese linguists. Finally it will formulate sound carrespondences of OJ and PA. Due to limitation in time and length of the present paper, however, the writer confines his arguments to the matter regarding the "Ko-rui/Otsu-rui" distinction of OJ "O-dan" syllables (the OJ syllbles that may have a vowel /o/.
著者
久野 誠
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, pp.43-56, 1995-02-28

This article treats of the merits and demerits on Riffaterre's stylistic theory which applies structural linguitics. We base our judgments on an examination of the structural dualities : 'cause' and 'effect', 'encodage' and 'decodage', 'contraste' and 'convergence', 'microcontexte' and 'macrocontexte', etc. It follows then that his ideas of 'contraste' and 'contexte', especially, are still valid.
著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.1-13, 1988-03-31

Edmund Burke had earned some reputation as a man of letters, before committing himself to politics around 1765. This phase of his life has been eclipsed by the brilliance of his career as a politician, but some of that brilliance is consequence of his having practiced literature before his pursuit of politics. In this paper, I proposed to affirm the close relationship between Burke's aesthetics and his political thought through examination of Part V of A Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful (1757), which is generally regarded as the least political of all his works.
著者
貞光 威
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, pp.335-375, 1996-09-30

高等学校で現在使用されている教科書「国語I」・「国語II」において,近・現代短歌の教材がどのように扱われているかを,各出版社から発行されているすべての教科書26種類について調査した。すなわち,教材の組み立て方・収録短歌数・誰のどの短歌を載せているか・第2次世界大戦後に作られた短歌を何首掲載しているか・多くの教科書に採用されている短歌は,どの歌人のどの歌か,などについて調査し,10年前に調査したときと比べて,一部の教科書ではあるが,いろいろな新しい試みがなされていることを探り,その可能性と問題点について考察した。
著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.129-152, 1996-02-29

Edmund Burke introduced an Economical Reform Bill into Parliament on 11 February 1780 with one of his finest speeches. It was a refrom bill which would reduce patronage power of the Crown, and thus reduce its power to control the House of Commons. It was not Burke's intention blindly to preserve any institution. He recognized that change was an integral part of the social process. He advocated many reforms, especially economical reform. But reform for him meant the amelioration of the British Constitution, not its replacement by something new. Therefore his conception of reform was intrinsically conservative. In this paper, I clarify the relationship between conservation and reformation in Burke's political thought.
著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.187-212, 1994-09-30

On November 16,1775,Edmund Burke introduced his last plan for conciliation. This plan marked a fundamental change in his thinking, for in it Burke indicated his willingness to repudiate the right of parliament to tax America for revenue. Burke's Bill was negatived by 210 votes to 105,and it was immediately followed by Lord North's American Prohibiting Bill. On May 1777,Burke published A Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol. With On American Taxation (1774) and On Conciliation with America (1775), A Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol completes the trilogy of his pronouncements on America. In this Pamphet, Burke expained the reasons for the Rockinghams' secession, then went on to examine the American question again, and finally gave a eloquent, generalized defense of a practical approach to politics. I study the prudential political thought of Burke in his last plan for conciliation and in his A Letter to Sheriffs of Bristol.
著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.129-166, 1994-02-28

Edmund Burke supported the American colonists before the Revolution, notwithstanding the "conservatism" of his beliefs. He served as agent for the New York Assembly from 1770 to 1775 and did every thing in in his power to prevent the outbreak of hostilities, by reconciling British sovereignty and American liberty. On April 19,1774,Burke delivered his Speech on American Taxation, in which he spoke in support of a motion for the repeal of the Tea Duty. Then, Burke gave his Speech on Consiliation with America, on March 22,1775,when political tension was at its highest point, and when alreacy the quarrel between Great Britain and her colonies had drifted to the verge of war. This speech has been studied and admired as a masterpiece of oratory. In this paper, I examine principally the political thought of Burke in the two Speeches on America.