著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.223-247, 1995-09-30

Edmund Burke is generally recognized as the father of modern conservatism. For conservaties, he has been a continuing source of inspiration and a reservoir of ideas to counter the steady growth of radicalism and revolution since his day. As a conservative, what Burke had to conserve before everything else was the British Constitution. It seemed to him the best of constitutions. He did not regard the British Constitution as perfect, but he looked upon it as perfect for Englishmen. The purpose of this study is to clear the conservative political thought of Edmund Burke by considering his "Speech to the Electors of Bristol" and his plan for Economical Reform.
著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.1-13, 1988-03-31

Edmund Burke had earned some reputation as a man of letters, before committing himself to politics around 1765. This phase of his life has been eclipsed by the brilliance of his career as a politician, but some of that brilliance is consequence of his having practiced literature before his pursuit of politics. In this paper, I proposed to affirm the close relationship between Burke's aesthetics and his political thought through examination of Part V of A Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful (1757), which is generally regarded as the least political of all his works.
著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.129-152, 1996-02-29

Edmund Burke introduced an Economical Reform Bill into Parliament on 11 February 1780 with one of his finest speeches. It was a refrom bill which would reduce patronage power of the Crown, and thus reduce its power to control the House of Commons. It was not Burke's intention blindly to preserve any institution. He recognized that change was an integral part of the social process. He advocated many reforms, especially economical reform. But reform for him meant the amelioration of the British Constitution, not its replacement by something new. Therefore his conception of reform was intrinsically conservative. In this paper, I clarify the relationship between conservation and reformation in Burke's political thought.
著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.187-212, 1994-09-30

On November 16,1775,Edmund Burke introduced his last plan for conciliation. This plan marked a fundamental change in his thinking, for in it Burke indicated his willingness to repudiate the right of parliament to tax America for revenue. Burke's Bill was negatived by 210 votes to 105,and it was immediately followed by Lord North's American Prohibiting Bill. On May 1777,Burke published A Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol. With On American Taxation (1774) and On Conciliation with America (1775), A Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol completes the trilogy of his pronouncements on America. In this Pamphet, Burke expained the reasons for the Rockinghams' secession, then went on to examine the American question again, and finally gave a eloquent, generalized defense of a practical approach to politics. I study the prudential political thought of Burke in his last plan for conciliation and in his A Letter to Sheriffs of Bristol.
著者
岸本 広司
出版者
岐阜聖徳学園大学
雑誌
聖徳学園岐阜教育大学紀要 (ISSN:09160175)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.129-166, 1994-02-28

Edmund Burke supported the American colonists before the Revolution, notwithstanding the "conservatism" of his beliefs. He served as agent for the New York Assembly from 1770 to 1775 and did every thing in in his power to prevent the outbreak of hostilities, by reconciling British sovereignty and American liberty. On April 19,1774,Burke delivered his Speech on American Taxation, in which he spoke in support of a motion for the repeal of the Tea Duty. Then, Burke gave his Speech on Consiliation with America, on March 22,1775,when political tension was at its highest point, and when alreacy the quarrel between Great Britain and her colonies had drifted to the verge of war. This speech has been studied and admired as a masterpiece of oratory. In this paper, I examine principally the political thought of Burke in the two Speeches on America.