著者
三本松 政之 関井 友子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, pp.88-97, 1994-12-01

Political Correctness is a new vogue term in the U. S.. It rejects the traditions of the West and is used to refer to a correct ideological position on matters of race, gender, and sexual orientation. This paper is to describe characteristics of PC movement in the U. S.. PC movement is concerned with multiculturalism movement on campuses and a crisis in American higher education. We intend to make clear what is the PC movement, especially focussing on four aspects; language cleansing, cultural war, politicul struggle or empowerment and integrating nationalities.
著者
岡田 斉
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, pp.37-45, 2013-03-01

The purpose of the present study was to explore the frequency of pain in dreams. Three hundred and fifty-four undergraduates, ranging in age from 19 to 32 years, were surveyed using a 13-item questionnaire that asked about the frequency of pain in dreams and a 26-item questionnaire on the frequency of dream recall (Okada, 2000, 2001). Factor analysis of the pain experience indicated that pain in dreams fell into two categories - feeling pain congruent with one's state and not feeling pain congruent with one's state. Feeling pain correlated with the frequency of smell, taste, and touch in dreams, but not feeling pain did not.
著者
田中 志帆 森下 春枝 功刀 梢
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, pp.149-162, 2017-03-01

The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of coping strategies and mother-child mealtime interaction on emotional eating. The sample consisted of 590 female junior college students. Participants completed a self-report to assess coping style (TAC-24), an emotional eating scale (EES), and a mother-child interaction in mealtime scale (MCIM). The results were as follows: (1) The image of mother as controlling and coercive during meal times, before the age of 18 was positive correlated with the coping style of buck-passing. (2) Cluster analysis revealed 5 subtypes on back ground of emotional eating, including BMI, the absence of the mother at mealtimes, and dissatisfaction with one's weight. (3) Cluster 2 (the greatest sensitivity to demands, a highly controlling and coercive mother during meals, the coping style is avoidance, and diverting reation) and cluster 4 (the image of mother as the most controlling and coercive during meals and the coping style is buck-passing) were related to emotional eating tendencies.本研究では、女子短大生を対象に、18歳以前の食事場面における母子相互作用の認識と、ストレスコーピングが、情緒的摂食行動(気晴らし食い)と関連があるのかどうか検討した。分析の結果、 情緒的摂食と女子青年の食事場面における支配・強制的な母親イメージ、一部のコーピング尺度と正の相関が認められた。続いてクラスター分析から、食卓における母親の不在傾向とBMIも含めた類型パターンの抽出を試みた。その結果、5つのクラスターを抽出し、第2クラスターと第4クラスターが、気晴らし食いに関連することが示唆された。第2クラスターは、BMIは平均的な値だが、食事場面での母親イメージが両価的で、責任転嫁と回避的な気晴らしコーピングをとるタイプであると推測された。第4クラスターは、食事場面での支配・強制的な母親イメージが最も高く、責任転嫁をする傾向があり、BMIが最も低いタイプであった。以上から、青年期の過食傾における回避型、責任転嫁型のコーピングと、食事場面での両価的な母親イメージの重要性が示唆された。
著者
市川 孝一
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.123-130, 2003-01-01

The purpose of this paper is to review books, articles and essays on youth and youth-culture in post-war Japan. People born after World War Ⅱ are divided into four generations, according to the time when they become adolescent.— 1960’s: Dankai-no-Sedai (first baby boomer in post-war period), 1970’s:Shirake-Sedai (apathy generation), 1980’s:Shinjinrui-Sedai (new-species generation), 1990’s:Dankai-junior Sedai (second baby boomer in post-war period). \nCharacteristics of each generation are described as follows: Dankai-no-sedai: spirit of resistance and protest, Shirake-Sedai: apathy and moratorium, Shinjinrui-Sedai: super-individualistic, ego-centric, Dankaijunior-Sedai: indifferent to others, lack of imagination. \nThese characteristics and traits have been gradually generalized as those of common Japanese in later times. And Japanese mass-culture has been influenced by youth-culture. Youth and youth-culture is a significant indication of future images of people and culture in general. It is the reason why we examine the changes of these features.
著者
岡部 康成 木島 恒一 佐藤 徳 山下 雅子 丹治 哲雄
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.145-151, 2004-12-01

Until recently, the measurement of attitudes and beliefs has been limited to self-report questionnaires. The use of such measure unrealistically assumes that all the participants have both the ability and the motivation to report their attitudes and beliefs accurately. Recently, Greenwald, McGhee, and Schwartz (1998) developed the implicit association test (IAT) to overcome such limits inherent in self-report measures by examining attitudes and beliefs that lie outside conscious awareness and control. In the present study, we assessed implicit attitudes towards the supernatural power using two versions of IAT; the commonly used personal computer (PC) version and the recently developed paper and pencil version. Thirty-six undergraduates participated. Participants equally demonstrated negative attitudes towards supernatural power in either version. Moreover, the implicit attitudes indexes in the paper and pencil version were highly correlated with those in the PC version. These results suggest that the paper and pencil version of IAT can stand up to the use as more convenient method.\n本研究は、青少年の持つ非合理現象信奉の一つである超能力信奉傾向について測定する潜在連合テスト(IAT)の開発を主な目的としている。IATとは、近年、グリンワルドらによって提唱された質問紙法とは異なる方法によって認知構造を測定する技法である。一般的にはパーソナル・コンピュータを用いて測定が行われるが、紙筆版による測定も可能である。紙筆版IATは一度に大量のデータを収集する場合などにには有効な方法と考えられる。我々は青少年の超能力信奉について測定するIATの開発過程で、一般的なPC版IATと紙筆版IATを作成し、紙筆版IATの妥当性についても併せて検討してみた。今回の報告では、PC版及び紙筆版IATの結果からみた大学生の超能力信奉傾向について、また、今回作成した紙筆版IATの妥当性について報告する。