著者
三本松 政之 関井 友子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, pp.88-97, 1994-12-01

Political Correctness is a new vogue term in the U. S.. It rejects the traditions of the West and is used to refer to a correct ideological position on matters of race, gender, and sexual orientation. This paper is to describe characteristics of PC movement in the U. S.. PC movement is concerned with multiculturalism movement on campuses and a crisis in American higher education. We intend to make clear what is the PC movement, especially focussing on four aspects; language cleansing, cultural war, politicul struggle or empowerment and integrating nationalities.
著者
長屋 美穂子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.58-69, 1984-12-01

The purpose of this study is to research the condition of children's living at home.The report is based on the questionnaire to the children's parents of an elementary school in Saitama prefecture.The contents are as follows, 1. Diet life2. Time budget 3. TV Watching4. Private school5. Play6. Pocket money7. Habit of life 8. Health conditionIn this study it is found that it is necessary to improve living of children's parents so as to bring up children sound.
著者
菊池 幸子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.91-97, 1986-12-01

Lifelong education have payed interesting attention since Paul Lengrand had reported to Commitee of adult education in UNESCO in 1965.As the national educational policy, there have been twice reported on lifelong education by the Central Educational Council in Japan, too.The third report on lifelong integrated learning have been proposed by the National Council on Educational Reform April 23 in 1986.This report says that basic direction of educational system for the 21centry is to reform to lifelong learning system to solve many educational problems. It is the reason of written this report and its main contents are as follows;1. Lifelong education as the national educational policy in Japan.2. Move to lifelong integrated learning society to solve many educational problems.3. The adquate curriculum on each life stage.4. Cooperation with home, school and Community.
著者
星野 晴彦
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
no.40, pp.77-87, 2019-03-01

This paper discusses ethics as prerequisite for hospitality in order to consider the particular nature of hospitality in social work. And this paper compares the descriptions of self-determination in code of ethics of social workers in several countries.Results indicated that the ethics of justice(the Kantian school and utilitarianism), the ethics of care, and the ethics of virtue interact in the code of ethics of social work. The interaction of these factors presumably accounts for the particular nature of ethics in social work.本稿では、ソーシャルワークにおけるホスピタリティの特殊性を考えるために、その前提となる倫理について検討した。そしてソーシャルワークにおけるホスピタリティの特殊性を探ることを試みた。具体的には、自己決定に関する倫理綱領の記述を比較検討した。その結果、ソーシャルワークの倫理綱領には、正義の倫理(カント派、功利主義)、ケアの倫理、徳の倫理が相互に作用していることが示された。これらの相互作用がソーシャルワークの倫理の特殊性を構築しているものと考えられた。
著者
五十嵐 航 大澤 達也 大寺 元氣 石原 俊一 田積 徹
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, pp.149-164, 2018-03-01

The current study experimentally manipulated the process in which two types of products were provided: one had a characteristic design but its use was not readily apparent (the product requiring familiarization, or PRF) while the other had a general design and its use was readily apparent (the self-explanatory product, or SEP). The aim of this study was to investigate differences between the PRF and SEP in terms of the value of an emotional connection, the value of familiarization, and desire to buy. Results indicated that the PRF significantly induced both an emotional connection and familiarization more than the SEP did, but the desire to buy the two products did not differ significantly. The current results did not experimentally indicate whether an emotional connection or familiarization leads to a desire to buy. In addition, this study analyzed the association between formation of impressions of a PRF and the emotional connection or familiarization with that product. Results indicated that a more novel PRF resulted in a stronger emotional connection and increased familiarization. A bland impression diminished familiarization, but individual differences in a bland impression were not associated with an emotional connection. Impressions of the novelty of a PRF may be associated with encounters with that product overall while a bland impression may be specifically associated with certain encounters with that product.◆本研究では、デザインが特徴的で一見して使途がすぐにわからない商品(経験ブロバイダー商品)と、一般的なデザインで使途がすぐにわかる同じカテゴリの商品(対照商品)を呈示することで経験プロバイダーを実験的に操作し、これらの商品に対して、実験参加者の情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値、および、購買意欲に違いが認められるのかを検証した。その結果、経験プロバイダー商品は対照商品よりも有意に情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値を生じさせたが、それらの商品の購買意欲には違いが認められなかった。これらの結果から、経験価値が購買意欲の違いを生み出すかどうかを実験的に明らかにすることはできなかった。また、本研究で用いられた経験ブロバイダー商品の印象構造が情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値とどのように関連するのかを検討した。その結果、これらの商品に対して斬新な印象を抱く人ほど、情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値が高まり、柔和な印象を抱く人ほど関係的経験価値は低下するが、柔和な印象の個人差は情緒的経験価値と関連がないことが示された。これらの結果は、経験ブロバイダー商品に対する印象には、経験価値全般と関連するもの(斬新な印象)もある一方、経験価値と特異的に関連するもの(柔和な印象)もあることを示唆する。
著者
高尾 浩幸
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, pp.79-92, 2017-03-01

This study deals with the rules of the world, which externally influence people, as a part of Japanese collective consciousness.Several aspects of these rules that this work will focus on are (1) the hierarchy of the old and the young, (2) the principle of mutual benefit, (3) honor as viewed by the world, (4) the elimination of impurity, (5) the character of authoritarianism, (6) duty and kindness, and (7) harmony and competition. This work will also study the psychological mechanisms of Japanese consciousness through the features of these rules.Each group that a person can join has its peculiar rules of how the world is. Knowing the rules of how the world is crucial. Once a person becomes aware of these rules, that person can decide which attitude to adopt, either to obey the rules or to change the rules themselves.
著者
岡田 斉 萩谷 久美子 石原 俊一 谷口 清 中島 滋
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.87-96, 2009-03-01

Many recent studies have suggested that deficits in dietary-based omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids may make an etiological contribution to mood disorders and that supplementation with omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids may provide a treatment strategy (Hagg, 2003; Parker, Gibson, Brotchie, Rees, & Handzi-Pavlovic, 2006; Vaddadi, 2006). However, a few studies did examine the relationship between daily food intake and mood disorders. Thus, we surveyed students with regard to these relationships. Two hundred and forty eight university students completed the SDS and eighty item food appetite survey. Results showed that low-depression group tended to favor fish and deep yellow vegetables more than the high-depression group. These results suggest that a preference for fish and deep yellow vegetables relates to depression. Antioxidative effects of these foodstuffs may facilitate antidepressive effects of omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids.
著者
岡田 斉
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, pp.37-45, 2013-03-01

The purpose of the present study was to explore the frequency of pain in dreams. Three hundred and fifty-four undergraduates, ranging in age from 19 to 32 years, were surveyed using a 13-item questionnaire that asked about the frequency of pain in dreams and a 26-item questionnaire on the frequency of dream recall (Okada, 2000, 2001). Factor analysis of the pain experience indicated that pain in dreams fell into two categories - feeling pain congruent with one's state and not feeling pain congruent with one's state. Feeling pain correlated with the frequency of smell, taste, and touch in dreams, but not feeling pain did not.
著者
田中 志帆 森下 春枝 功刀 梢
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, pp.149-162, 2017-03-01

The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of coping strategies and mother-child mealtime interaction on emotional eating. The sample consisted of 590 female junior college students. Participants completed a self-report to assess coping style (TAC-24), an emotional eating scale (EES), and a mother-child interaction in mealtime scale (MCIM). The results were as follows: (1) The image of mother as controlling and coercive during meal times, before the age of 18 was positive correlated with the coping style of buck-passing. (2) Cluster analysis revealed 5 subtypes on back ground of emotional eating, including BMI, the absence of the mother at mealtimes, and dissatisfaction with one's weight. (3) Cluster 2 (the greatest sensitivity to demands, a highly controlling and coercive mother during meals, the coping style is avoidance, and diverting reation) and cluster 4 (the image of mother as the most controlling and coercive during meals and the coping style is buck-passing) were related to emotional eating tendencies.本研究では、女子短大生を対象に、18歳以前の食事場面における母子相互作用の認識と、ストレスコーピングが、情緒的摂食行動(気晴らし食い)と関連があるのかどうか検討した。分析の結果、 情緒的摂食と女子青年の食事場面における支配・強制的な母親イメージ、一部のコーピング尺度と正の相関が認められた。続いてクラスター分析から、食卓における母親の不在傾向とBMIも含めた類型パターンの抽出を試みた。その結果、5つのクラスターを抽出し、第2クラスターと第4クラスターが、気晴らし食いに関連することが示唆された。第2クラスターは、BMIは平均的な値だが、食事場面での母親イメージが両価的で、責任転嫁と回避的な気晴らしコーピングをとるタイプであると推測された。第4クラスターは、食事場面での支配・強制的な母親イメージが最も高く、責任転嫁をする傾向があり、BMIが最も低いタイプであった。以上から、青年期の過食傾における回避型、責任転嫁型のコーピングと、食事場面での両価的な母親イメージの重要性が示唆された。
著者
市川 孝一
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.123-130, 2003-01-01

The purpose of this paper is to review books, articles and essays on youth and youth-culture in post-war Japan. People born after World War Ⅱ are divided into four generations, according to the time when they become adolescent.— 1960’s: Dankai-no-Sedai (first baby boomer in post-war period), 1970’s:Shirake-Sedai (apathy generation), 1980’s:Shinjinrui-Sedai (new-species generation), 1990’s:Dankai-junior Sedai (second baby boomer in post-war period). \nCharacteristics of each generation are described as follows: Dankai-no-sedai: spirit of resistance and protest, Shirake-Sedai: apathy and moratorium, Shinjinrui-Sedai: super-individualistic, ego-centric, Dankaijunior-Sedai: indifferent to others, lack of imagination. \nThese characteristics and traits have been gradually generalized as those of common Japanese in later times. And Japanese mass-culture has been influenced by youth-culture. Youth and youth-culture is a significant indication of future images of people and culture in general. It is the reason why we examine the changes of these features.
著者
岡部 康成 木島 恒一 佐藤 徳 山下 雅子 丹治 哲雄
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.145-151, 2004-12-01

Until recently, the measurement of attitudes and beliefs has been limited to self-report questionnaires. The use of such measure unrealistically assumes that all the participants have both the ability and the motivation to report their attitudes and beliefs accurately. Recently, Greenwald, McGhee, and Schwartz (1998) developed the implicit association test (IAT) to overcome such limits inherent in self-report measures by examining attitudes and beliefs that lie outside conscious awareness and control. In the present study, we assessed implicit attitudes towards the supernatural power using two versions of IAT; the commonly used personal computer (PC) version and the recently developed paper and pencil version. Thirty-six undergraduates participated. Participants equally demonstrated negative attitudes towards supernatural power in either version. Moreover, the implicit attitudes indexes in the paper and pencil version were highly correlated with those in the PC version. These results suggest that the paper and pencil version of IAT can stand up to the use as more convenient method.\n本研究は、青少年の持つ非合理現象信奉の一つである超能力信奉傾向について測定する潜在連合テスト(IAT)の開発を主な目的としている。IATとは、近年、グリンワルドらによって提唱された質問紙法とは異なる方法によって認知構造を測定する技法である。一般的にはパーソナル・コンピュータを用いて測定が行われるが、紙筆版による測定も可能である。紙筆版IATは一度に大量のデータを収集する場合などにには有効な方法と考えられる。我々は青少年の超能力信奉について測定するIATの開発過程で、一般的なPC版IATと紙筆版IATを作成し、紙筆版IATの妥当性についても併せて検討してみた。今回の報告では、PC版及び紙筆版IATの結果からみた大学生の超能力信奉傾向について、また、今回作成した紙筆版IATの妥当性について報告する。