著者
三本松 政之 関井 友子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, pp.88-97, 1994

Political Correctness is a new vogue term in the U. S.. It rejects the traditions of the West and is used to refer to a correct ideological position on matters of race, gender, and sexual orientation. This paper is to describe characteristics of PC movement in the U. S.. PC movement is concerned with multiculturalism movement on campuses and a crisis in American higher education. We intend to make clear what is the PC movement, especially focussing on four aspects; language cleansing, cultural war, politicul struggle or empowerment and integrating nationalities.
著者
三本松 政之 関井 友子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, pp.88-97, 1994-12-01

Political Correctness is a new vogue term in the U. S.. It rejects the traditions of the West and is used to refer to a correct ideological position on matters of race, gender, and sexual orientation. This paper is to describe characteristics of PC movement in the U. S.. PC movement is concerned with multiculturalism movement on campuses and a crisis in American higher education. We intend to make clear what is the PC movement, especially focussing on four aspects; language cleansing, cultural war, politicul struggle or empowerment and integrating nationalities.
著者
岡田 斉 萩谷 久美子 石原 俊一 谷口 清 中島 滋
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.87-96, 2009-03-01

Many recent studies have suggested that deficits in dietary-based omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids may make an etiological contribution to mood disorders and that supplementation with omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids may provide a treatment strategy (Hagg, 2003; Parker, Gibson, Brotchie, Rees, & Handzi-Pavlovic, 2006; Vaddadi, 2006). However, a few studies did examine the relationship between daily food intake and mood disorders. Thus, we surveyed students with regard to these relationships. Two hundred and forty eight university students completed the SDS and eighty item food appetite survey. Results showed that low-depression group tended to favor fish and deep yellow vegetables more than the high-depression group. These results suggest that a preference for fish and deep yellow vegetables relates to depression. Antioxidative effects of these foodstuffs may facilitate antidepressive effects of omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids.
著者
松嶋 淑恵
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, pp.185-208, 2013-03-01

性同一性障害概念ができたことにより性別違和をもつ人々に対する性別変更のための医療や制度が成されたが、性同一性障害は身体と異なる性自認をもつ事を疾患としてとらえる消極的な理解であるとともに、典型的な当事者にあてはまらない多様な当事者を不可視化している問題がある。また医学モデルに基づいた解決は、当事者を苦しめる男女二元論やジェンダー規範を揺るがさないまま当事者側だけが変化すべき対象であることを強いている。そこで、多様な当事者を対象に含め、量的調査法による実態調査を行い、特に経済状態の影響、他者との関係性、精神的問題について調査した。 その結果、MtとFt間で男女間および男性間の経済格差が見られ、治療の機会不均等に影響していた。典型的性同一性障害像に比して認知度の低い性自認をもつ人は孤独に陥りやすかった。また、性別移行に関する不安は、身体変容が満たされないことよりも社会関係上で望む役割が果たせないことから生じることが明らかになった。性別違和をもつ人々が社会から排除されずに生きるためには、男女二元論やジェンダー規範、性差別といった非当事者にもかかわる問題に取り組み、社会が変化していくことが必要であると言える。
著者
大塚 明子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
no.26, pp.39-53, 2004-12-20

As I have shown in previous papers, Japanese Modern Family, which was taking shape among the new urban middle class after late Meiji period, imported and adopted the Western concept of love as its basis. But throughout the pre-war period, this concept remained as a kind of abstract and rather unreal ideal. In Shufu No Tomo(Housewife's Companion), one of the most popular magazines for women, it was the traditional word"wago"(harmony), not love, that played a key role in advising the readers on how to behave and avoid troubles in the relationship with their husbands in everyday marriage life. The principle of wago was based on male supremacy, especially when sex was concerned.
著者
堀口 久五郎
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.123-134, 2010-03-01

「精神保健福祉」という用語の存立基盤を探る基礎的研究として、1995年「精神保健及び精神障害者福祉に関する法律」と、1997年「精神保健福祉士法」という精神保健福祉を名のる2つの法制度をとりあげ、その用語の成立と普及・促進に大きな影響を与えた法令や政府関係資料を明らかにし、「精神保健福祉」の「定義」規定を検討した。本論において、「精神保健福祉」概念の基盤にある「福祉」と「精神保健」の関係の在り方を検討し、その位相を図表化して整理するとともに、新しい最広義の「精神保健福祉」概念のモデルを提示した。
著者
大塚 明子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.33-41, 2003-12

Recently the Japanese urban family after the late Meiji period has been illustrated, in terms of its motherchild relationship and the stress on family affection, as a type of Modern Family. Taking this view, I have tried in some previous papers to analyze Japanese Modern Family through one of the best-selling magazines "Shufu no Tomo (Housewives' Companion)", especially its husband-wife relationship. Is the Japanese modern conjugal love very much alike its source, the Western romantic love ideology, or not? In this paper, I focus on how the magazine in the pre-war period looked on the problem of divorce and show that its concept of love, closely related its nationalism, was very different from romantic love as well as what we think of it today.
著者
吉川 延代 今野 義孝
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, pp.189-196, 2011-03-01

Open-ended descriptions obtained from a total of 226 males and females in 113 couples were classified into 19 categories: ① economic stability, ② maintaining relationships, ③ understanding, ④ support, ⑤ cooperation and understanding of child-rearing chores, ⑥ discussion, ⑦ a sense of peace, ⑧ confidence, ⑨ balancing work and household chores, ⑩ housework, ⑪ priority of home, ⑫ health, ⑬children, ⑭faithful, ⑮ love, tenderness, compassion, and thanks, ⑯ smiling, cheerfulness, and pleasantness, ⑰ mutual understanding, support, and cooperation, ⑱ mental stability, and ⑲ equal relationship. As a result of factor analysis with promax rotation using the principal factor method, six factors were identified: "peace," "stability," "mutual understanding," "healthy home," "maintaining love," and "equality of child-rearing chores." Comparisons of three clusters (Cluster 1: High agreement in Communication, Cluster 2: Disagreement in Communication and Sense of Relief, Cluster 3: High agreement in all sub-scales) revealed that the clusters and the factors were not significantly related. However, couples in Cluster 2 were characterized as having poor communication skills and conflict resolution skills and as being less satisfied with the couple's relationship. Thus, couples in Cluster 2 may have problems with attaining mutual understanding, support, and cooperation.
著者
星野 晴彦
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.115-122, 2010-03-01

社会福祉の先人たちの足跡や、青年海外協力隊のソーシャルワーク部門に志願する人々の熱意を見ていると、苦難の状況にあって、支援を必要とする人々のために献身し、自分たちを高めていくパワーを感じさせられる。このパワーはソーシャルワークの地道な実践の継続を支えてきたと言えよう。筆者はこのパワーは、ミッション意識を中核とする次のようなプロセスにあるのではないかと考えている。 「ソーシャルワーク実践に専心し、ソーシャルワーカー自身の中に、ミッション意識(自分たちがやりたいことでなく、社会から何を求められているのかを考え、自ら意味付けする)を抱くことで、自分へのこだわりを超越し、そして自分自身の生きる意味へと再統合していくプロセスである。」 本稿は上記のプロセスに関して、文献研究により検討した。特に、このミッション意識の意義について、そして実践現場においてこのミッション意識がいかに形成されるのかについて論じていく。筆者はあえてこの「超越」と「再統合」の重要性を強調したい。
著者
長屋 美穂子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.58-69, 1984-12-01

The purpose of this study is to research the condition of children's living at home.The report is based on the questionnaire to the children's parents of an elementary school in Saitama prefecture.The contents are as follows, 1. Diet life2. Time budget 3. TV Watching4. Private school5. Play6. Pocket money7. Habit of life 8. Health conditionIn this study it is found that it is necessary to improve living of children's parents so as to bring up children sound.
著者
菊池 幸子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.91-97, 1986-12-01

Lifelong education have payed interesting attention since Paul Lengrand had reported to Commitee of adult education in UNESCO in 1965.As the national educational policy, there have been twice reported on lifelong education by the Central Educational Council in Japan, too.The third report on lifelong integrated learning have been proposed by the National Council on Educational Reform April 23 in 1986.This report says that basic direction of educational system for the 21centry is to reform to lifelong learning system to solve many educational problems. It is the reason of written this report and its main contents are as follows;1. Lifelong education as the national educational policy in Japan.2. Move to lifelong integrated learning society to solve many educational problems.3. The adquate curriculum on each life stage.4. Cooperation with home, school and Community.
著者
星野 晴彦
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
no.35, pp.27-34, 2013

This paper attempts to introduce the concept of hospitality into social welfare services. First, the essential meaning of hospitality must be understood. This paper describes Derrida's thinking, which includes "the aporia of the impossible" that originated from Derrida's deconstructionism. This paper also describes the results of research into the hospitality mindset of individuals involved in the provision of social welfare services.Aporia means "impassable" or an "insoluble contradiction," which is why the term has come to represent "the impossible."There are practical limits to the extent that we can devote ourselves to social services. The needs of clients of social services exceed our limits, and we must consider the extent to which we will register this fact. The statements of Derrida may facilitate the introduction of the concept of hospitality into social welfare services. Rather than being limited to a superficial understanding, the statements of Derrida may help to provide a deeper understanding of hospitality in welfare services. 本稿では福祉サービスにおいてホスピタリティ概念を導入することを試みた。そこには、ホスピタリティを単なる「思いやり」だけではなく、本質的理解をしていくことが求められる。 そこで本稿では、本質的理解につながるものとして、デリダの脱構築的思想から導き出された「不可能性のアポリア」を紹介し、また筆者が行った調査の結果も示し、ホスピタリティの本質的構造に迫っていきたいと考えるものである。アポリアとは、「道がない」「通行できない」という意味で、ここには「不可能なもの」が見られる。しかも、進むことのできない道を横断しなければならないという「アポリアの経験」をデリダは主張する。筆者は本稿で、デリダの言説に着目し、福祉サービスは、自分たちが想定している以上の人々が求めており、それに対して対応できることには現実的に限界があるが、それにどのような責任を認識していくのかを考える必要があるのではないか、ということを述べる。ホスピタリティを福祉サービスに導入することが、皮相的な理解にとどまらないようにするため、デリダの言説はホスピタリティの本質的理解に一助となるのではないか。
著者
今野 義孝 上杉 喬
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.63-72, 2003-12
被引用文献数
2

Authors examined the effects of the positive mind-body experiences through Dohsa-method on enhancing nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli in undergraduate students. Nostalgia is a universal affect that results in a heightened mental state, an enhancing, uplifting mood related to particular memories of the past. Nostalgia is also entails the recognition and acceptance of past experiences, and may facilitate the positive reevaluation of life, strengthen subjective well-being and happiness, and enhance self-esteem as well, while alleviate depressive feeling in elderly people. Nostalgia also contains both the positive and negative aspects of affective experiences. The positive affective aspect of past could be enhanced under positive mind-body condition. This study consisted of two experiments. In Experiment I, a correlation between the EEG pleasantness and the positive mind-body experience induced by Dohsa-method was examined using a EEG Pleasantness Scale and POMS. In Experiments II, the effects of positive mind-body experience on enhancing nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli (e.g. the song of birds, the murmur of a stream, the sound of chopping vegetables, and so on) was examined. Nostalgic affects was evaluated by 10-item affective imagery scale. Results indicated that positive mind-body experience through Dohsa-method could heighten the EEG pleasantness, and facilitate nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli. These results suggest the possibility of developing a new version of Life Review method, that is Dohsa-method based Life Review, for elderly people.
著者
太田 和敬
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
no.27, pp.65-75, 2005-12-20

The Netherlands was regarded as a country that had succeeded in accepting immigrants because of the Dutch attitude of tolerance, while other European countries were suffering from the problem of minorities. However, in the 21st century, some political assassinations caused a conflict between the immigrants and the native Dutch. The National Security Service and the Ministry of Education investigated the political actions and influences of Islam on Dutch society and schools and published reports in 2002. According to these reports, there exist a few trivial problems, for example, remittances from foreign Islamic organizations to the domestic ones for the construction of mosques and Islamic schools and religious education in the Arabic language. These practices instigated a negative feeling toward Islam. There are two difficulties to resolve immigration questions, restraints of marriage of Islam and confrontation about human rights including problems of abortion and divorce. The Dutch Government has made efforts to integrate newcomers but is considered to have failed because of the high unemployment and crime rates and the low average literacy level of the immigrants. Dutch society requires the restoration of tolerance. This could imply the revival of new polarization although this was denied by the Dutch Government.
著者
五十嵐 航 大澤 達也 大寺 元氣 石原 俊一 田積 徹
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, pp.149-164, 2018-03-01

The current study experimentally manipulated the process in which two types of products were provided: one had a characteristic design but its use was not readily apparent (the product requiring familiarization, or PRF) while the other had a general design and its use was readily apparent (the self-explanatory product, or SEP). The aim of this study was to investigate differences between the PRF and SEP in terms of the value of an emotional connection, the value of familiarization, and desire to buy. Results indicated that the PRF significantly induced both an emotional connection and familiarization more than the SEP did, but the desire to buy the two products did not differ significantly. The current results did not experimentally indicate whether an emotional connection or familiarization leads to a desire to buy. In addition, this study analyzed the association between formation of impressions of a PRF and the emotional connection or familiarization with that product. Results indicated that a more novel PRF resulted in a stronger emotional connection and increased familiarization. A bland impression diminished familiarization, but individual differences in a bland impression were not associated with an emotional connection. Impressions of the novelty of a PRF may be associated with encounters with that product overall while a bland impression may be specifically associated with certain encounters with that product.◆本研究では、デザインが特徴的で一見して使途がすぐにわからない商品(経験ブロバイダー商品)と、一般的なデザインで使途がすぐにわかる同じカテゴリの商品(対照商品)を呈示することで経験プロバイダーを実験的に操作し、これらの商品に対して、実験参加者の情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値、および、購買意欲に違いが認められるのかを検証した。その結果、経験プロバイダー商品は対照商品よりも有意に情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値を生じさせたが、それらの商品の購買意欲には違いが認められなかった。これらの結果から、経験価値が購買意欲の違いを生み出すかどうかを実験的に明らかにすることはできなかった。また、本研究で用いられた経験ブロバイダー商品の印象構造が情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値とどのように関連するのかを検討した。その結果、これらの商品に対して斬新な印象を抱く人ほど、情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値が高まり、柔和な印象を抱く人ほど関係的経験価値は低下するが、柔和な印象の個人差は情緒的経験価値と関連がないことが示された。これらの結果は、経験ブロバイダー商品に対する印象には、経験価値全般と関連するもの(斬新な印象)もある一方、経験価値と特異的に関連するもの(柔和な印象)もあることを示唆する。
著者
高尾 浩幸
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, pp.79-92, 2017-03-01

This study deals with the rules of the world, which externally influence people, as a part of Japanese collective consciousness.Several aspects of these rules that this work will focus on are (1) the hierarchy of the old and the young, (2) the principle of mutual benefit, (3) honor as viewed by the world, (4) the elimination of impurity, (5) the character of authoritarianism, (6) duty and kindness, and (7) harmony and competition. This work will also study the psychological mechanisms of Japanese consciousness through the features of these rules.Each group that a person can join has its peculiar rules of how the world is. Knowing the rules of how the world is crucial. Once a person becomes aware of these rules, that person can decide which attitude to adopt, either to obey the rules or to change the rules themselves.
著者
岡田 斉 萩谷 久美子 石原 俊一 谷口 清 中島 滋
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.87-96, 2009-03-01

Many recent studies have suggested that deficits in dietary-based omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids may make an etiological contribution to mood disorders and that supplementation with omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids may provide a treatment strategy (Hagg, 2003; Parker, Gibson, Brotchie, Rees, & Handzi-Pavlovic, 2006; Vaddadi, 2006). However, a few studies did examine the relationship between daily food intake and mood disorders. Thus, we surveyed students with regard to these relationships. Two hundred and forty eight university students completed the SDS and eighty item food appetite survey. Results showed that low-depression group tended to favor fish and deep yellow vegetables more than the high-depression group. These results suggest that a preference for fish and deep yellow vegetables relates to depression. Antioxidative effects of these foodstuffs may facilitate antidepressive effects of omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids.
著者
岡田 斉
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, pp.37-45, 2013-03-01

The purpose of the present study was to explore the frequency of pain in dreams. Three hundred and fifty-four undergraduates, ranging in age from 19 to 32 years, were surveyed using a 13-item questionnaire that asked about the frequency of pain in dreams and a 26-item questionnaire on the frequency of dream recall (Okada, 2000, 2001). Factor analysis of the pain experience indicated that pain in dreams fell into two categories - feeling pain congruent with one's state and not feeling pain congruent with one's state. Feeling pain correlated with the frequency of smell, taste, and touch in dreams, but not feeling pain did not.
著者
田中 志帆 森下 春枝 功刀 梢
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, pp.149-162, 2017-03-01

The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of coping strategies and mother-child mealtime interaction on emotional eating. The sample consisted of 590 female junior college students. Participants completed a self-report to assess coping style (TAC-24), an emotional eating scale (EES), and a mother-child interaction in mealtime scale (MCIM). The results were as follows: (1) The image of mother as controlling and coercive during meal times, before the age of 18 was positive correlated with the coping style of buck-passing. (2) Cluster analysis revealed 5 subtypes on back ground of emotional eating, including BMI, the absence of the mother at mealtimes, and dissatisfaction with one's weight. (3) Cluster 2 (the greatest sensitivity to demands, a highly controlling and coercive mother during meals, the coping style is avoidance, and diverting reation) and cluster 4 (the image of mother as the most controlling and coercive during meals and the coping style is buck-passing) were related to emotional eating tendencies.本研究では、女子短大生を対象に、18歳以前の食事場面における母子相互作用の認識と、ストレスコーピングが、情緒的摂食行動(気晴らし食い)と関連があるのかどうか検討した。分析の結果、 情緒的摂食と女子青年の食事場面における支配・強制的な母親イメージ、一部のコーピング尺度と正の相関が認められた。続いてクラスター分析から、食卓における母親の不在傾向とBMIも含めた類型パターンの抽出を試みた。その結果、5つのクラスターを抽出し、第2クラスターと第4クラスターが、気晴らし食いに関連することが示唆された。第2クラスターは、BMIは平均的な値だが、食事場面での母親イメージが両価的で、責任転嫁と回避的な気晴らしコーピングをとるタイプであると推測された。第4クラスターは、食事場面での支配・強制的な母親イメージが最も高く、責任転嫁をする傾向があり、BMIが最も低いタイプであった。以上から、青年期の過食傾における回避型、責任転嫁型のコーピングと、食事場面での両価的な母親イメージの重要性が示唆された。
著者
市川 孝一
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.123-130, 2003-01-01

The purpose of this paper is to review books, articles and essays on youth and youth-culture in post-war Japan. People born after World War Ⅱ are divided into four generations, according to the time when they become adolescent.— 1960’s: Dankai-no-Sedai (first baby boomer in post-war period), 1970’s:Shirake-Sedai (apathy generation), 1980’s:Shinjinrui-Sedai (new-species generation), 1990’s:Dankai-junior Sedai (second baby boomer in post-war period). \nCharacteristics of each generation are described as follows: Dankai-no-sedai: spirit of resistance and protest, Shirake-Sedai: apathy and moratorium, Shinjinrui-Sedai: super-individualistic, ego-centric, Dankaijunior-Sedai: indifferent to others, lack of imagination. \nThese characteristics and traits have been gradually generalized as those of common Japanese in later times. And Japanese mass-culture has been influenced by youth-culture. Youth and youth-culture is a significant indication of future images of people and culture in general. It is the reason why we examine the changes of these features.