著者
中村 博一
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
no.23, pp.256-271, 2010

Ninja is said to be the ancient warrior originated in Japan. Nowadays its transnational emerging has been seen globally, even in Sokoto, northern Nigeria where I have conducted field research for Nollywood kungfu film since 2001. In this article, I trace some transnational process of ninja representation outside Japan and consider ways to transform global image into a localized ninja/ninjoji of Sokoto.
著者
中村 博一
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
no.23, pp.256-271, 2010

Ninja is said to be the ancient warrior originated in Japan. Nowadays its transnational emerging has been seen globally, even in Sokoto, northern Nigeria where I have conducted field research for Nollywood kungfu film since 2001. In this article, I trace some transnational process of ninja representation outside Japan and consider ways to transform global image into a localized ninja/ninjoji of Sokoto.
著者
中村 博一
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 = Language and Culture (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.256-271, 2011-03-01

Ninja is said to be the ancient warrior originated in Japan. Nowadays its transnational emerging has been seen globally, even in Sokoto, northern Nigeria where I have conducted field research for Nollywood kungfu film since 2001. In this article, I trace some transnational process of ninja representation outside Japan and consider ways to transform global image into a localized ninja/ninjoji of Sokoto.
著者
中村 博一
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.256-271, 2011-03 (Released:2011-10-13)

Ninja is said to be the ancient warrior originated in Japan. Nowadays its transnational emerging has been seen globally, even in Sokoto, northern Nigeria where I have conducted field research for Nollywood kungfu film since 2001. In this article, I trace some transnational process of ninja representation outside Japan and consider ways to transform global image into a localized ninja/ninjoji of Sokoto.
著者
藤井 仁奈
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 = Language and Culture (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, pp.269-284, 2012-03-01

Miyoji is a main character of Tempo 12nen no Shakespeare. He is a man of the humblest birth in Edo period; he is a cunning schemer who wants to be in the ruling classes by using words. He idntifies himself as an expert wordsman just like his master who was an expert swordsman. He commits crimes just like as Macbeth: an old which woman makes a prediction about him, which controls him completely. She also tells him that his taboo is one pair of twin women. However, he fervently feels a secret love for them and at last he rapes and kills one and he married the other after killing her husband. This violation of his taboo collapses his identity: he loses his ability to use words and takes his own llife. He can't use any trick or scheme with his wife. He is a defective schemer. This kind of absurdity, which Inoue wanted to write in this play, is put together into Miyoji. I hope to analyse Miyoji's identity as an expert wordsman while showing his contradiction and insanity and suggest the absurdity coming from Inoue's satire on this modern world.
著者
大塚 明子
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
no.19, pp.1-32, 2006

Since the latter Meiji era, the influence of the Western romantic love ideology has flowed incessantly into our culture. However, such an imported idea has not been accepted as it is in Europe and America. Then what are the cultural characteristics of the modern Japanese outlook on love, and how have they been changed?In this paper, I examine the process of liberalization of love by analyzing some important keywords in hit songs from the prewar period to today, such as "first meeting", "forget", and "tenderness". It will be shown that our outlook on love has become considerably "romantic" since the late 1980's, as a result of the anomie of love.
著者
田口 和夫
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
no.14, pp.150-137, 2001

元興寺 (飛鳥寺) の鬼は『日本霊異記』の道場法師の説話に登場して以来、有名な存在である。一方、元興寺の夜叉も『日本感霊録』・『今昔物語集』などに記録され、これも有名である。この二つは後に混同され、鬼に統一されて伝説化してゆく。その説話の延長上に「元興寺 (がごぜ) に噛ませよ」という諺や武悪面を使う狂言の演出が現れる。またその鬼と加賀前田家狂言〈鬼不切〉の創作の関係について述べる。The oni of Gango Temple (or Asuka Temple) was first recorded in a Buddhist priest's moral tale in the Nihon ryoiki, thereafter becoming famous in the history of Japanese literature. The yasha of Gango Temple, recorded in both the Nihon kanreiroku and Kojaku monogatari also became famous. Later the tales of the two were combined to form the legend of The Oni of Gango Temple. Usage of the proverb Gagoze ni kamaseyo his means If you don't stop crying, the boogie-men will get you appears in the performances of the kyogen plays Shimizu and Nukegara. (Note: 'Gagoze' is an alternative pronunciation of Gango Temple.) Furthermore, Oni kirazu, a kyogen play of the Kaga Maeda family created from the oni tale, is explored.
著者
大塚 明子
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
no.19, pp.1-32, 2006

Since the latter Meiji era, the influence of the Western romantic love ideology has flowed incessantly into our culture. However, such an imported idea has not been accepted as it is in Europe and America. Then what are the cultural characteristics of the modern Japanese outlook on love, and how have they been changed?In this paper, I examine the process of liberalization of love by analyzing some important keywords in hit songs from the prewar period to today, such as "first meeting", "forget", and "tenderness". It will be shown that our outlook on love has become considerably "romantic" since the late 1980's, as a result of the anomie of love.
著者
中村 博一
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
no.24, pp.285-303, 2011

Nollywood is one of the key issues in the contemporary African media worlds. Since 2001 I have conducted my research on video culture in Sokoto, Northern Nigeria. In this article I trace some developmental processes of popular market literature and video-movie among the Hausa-speaking people, and try to analyze kungfu video-movies produced in Sokoto, as resulting from watching Hong Kong movies for several decades.
著者
加藤 一郎
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 = Language and Culture (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, pp.48-64, 2002-03-01

En decembro 1945, la juna germanino Irma Grese(SS-Aufseherin), estis ekzekutita kiel la militokriminalino. Tio estis post nur 6 monatoj de la malvenko de Naziista Germanio kaj estis antaŭ ĉirkaŭ 1 jaro de la ekzekutoj de la pligravaj militokriminaloj. Kial oni sendis al pendigilo tiun ĉi junan germaninon, kiu estis ne grava poliskisto kaj militisto?
著者
白鳥 克弥
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 = Language and Culture (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.192-172, 2010-03-01

Science Fiction novels have a lot of War novels. Particularly famous works are Robert A. Heinlein's "Starship troopers" and Joe Haldeman's "THE FOREVER WAR". "Starship Troopers" is known as a warlike novel, and "THE FOREVER WAR" is known as an antiwar novel."Starship Troopers" is a famous warlike and right wing novel, and a view of war is based on the early American ideal. The ideal has a self righteous side, and makes others inferior human, because "Starship Troopers" is a warlike novel.On the other hand, "THE FOREVER WAR" is antiwar think, because this novel has influence of the Vietnam War. Haldeman was a soldier of the Vietnam War. Probably that experience is the novel's background. He thinks human's hostility to others is a factor of wars, and at all times murder is a sin.The difference between the two novels is based in a view of others, as one side looks at the enemy as inferior humans, and the other side looks at humans as equal.
著者
中村 修也
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 = Language and Culture (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
no.15, pp.175-143, 2003-03-01

I examined the record in the Muromachi age on the tea. It is historical materials of Kyohgaku-shiyohshoh『経覚私要鈔』. The result showed that bath and tea party "林間茶湯" were not being set in the tea between forests. And, the work of which the Furuichi-family "古市一族" was important was also proven in the culture of the tea of Nara. Especially 古市澄胤 was important, and the culture of the tea was made to develop by his cultural property more. In the future, it is necessary to study the Furuichi-family more well-informed.
著者
加藤 一郎
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 = Language and Culture (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.141-157, 2001-03-01

Estas malriĉaj la "vidaj dokumentoj", kiuj prezentas la realecon de la Holokaŭsto. Krome, absolute ne ekzistas "vidaj dokumentoj", kiuj prezentas la proceson de la masaj ekzekutoj en la "gasaj ĉambroj" de la koncentrejoj de Auschwitz, la simbolon de la Holokaŭsto. En tiu situacio publikis la albumo de David Olére, kiu meme estis la prizonulo de Auschwitz kaj tuj post la liberiĝo skizis kelkajn skizojn pri la proceso de la masaj ekzekutoj. Pro tio la ortodoksaj historistoj pri la Holokaŭsto prezentas la skizojn de David Olére kiel "vidajn dokumentojn" de la proceso de la masaj ekzekutoj. Sed, en tiuj skizoj ekzistas multaj eraroj kaj misprezentaĵoj.
著者
加藤 一郎
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 = Language and Culture (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.97-113, 2003-03-01

Dum la dua mondmilito Josef Kramer laboris kiel SS koncentreja ofcisto en diversaj koncentrejoj, inklusive de Dachau, Mauhausen kaj Auschwitz. Ekde decembro de 1944 li estis la komandanato de Bergen=Belsena Koncentrejo. Liberiginte tiun ĉi koncentrejon, la anguloj arestis lin. La brita milita tribunalo juĝis, komdamnis kaj ekzekutis lin kiel la respondeculon de "la masivaj gasaj ekzekutoj" kaj "la masivaj murdoj kaŭze de malsato kaj epidemio". Sed, ĉu la Belsena tribunalo povis pruvi lian respondecon?
著者
八代 隆政
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
no.13, pp.104-140, 2000

In the discussion of Pashto, two major dialectal groupings are considered – "Soft Pashto" or southwestern dialects spoken around Kandahar, Afghanistan; and "Hard Pashto" or northeastern dialects spoken in the Peshawar area, Pakistan. The latter has been most directly in contact with western Indian languages, e.g. Urdu and Punjabi.This report presents the results of my linguistic survey in Peshawar, including new data of Yusufzai dialects based on my field work. Then similarities and differences between Urdu and Pashto will be identified. It is intended as a beginning rather than an end-point.
著者
ビン・ジャムビ ジャファール 福田 倫子
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
no.24, pp.84-104, 2011

The process of communication with the local people is very important when a student is studying abroad. Not only do they need language skills to communicate but also the skill to identify the differences in the cultural and custom background of the local people. When people from different cultural backgrounds are engaged in communication, it is widely known as cross-cultural communication. The success of any cross-cultural communication depends on producing an interaction that does not carry too much miscommunication between two different cultures.This study focused on the communication behavior of Malaysian students and their interaction in Japanese society. The purpose of this study is to identify whether cross-cultural factors caused communication breakdowns during the process of communication between Malaysian students and Japanese people (students and lecturers). The results showed that the more the student interacted in Japanese society, the less often cross-cultural communication breakdowns occurred. However, when taking into account the duration of their stay in Japan, the study suggests that there is no significant difference in mean scores. Perhaps an in-depth study should be done to look into this matter empirically.An implication of the study calls for encouragement and guidance to be given to foreign students to interact as much as possible with Japanese people so that communication skills can be learned directly from the interaction.
著者
大久保 由紀 八藤後 忠夫
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
no.17, pp.1-29, 2004

An investigation for 279 university students, resulted in the following conclusions.1) Resistance to "abusive language" was shown to be significantly higher in the control group than in the object group. The working hypothesis was formed from this result.2) High resistance in the object group was significantly shown only in the "the nursing family".3) Both object and control groups had a high resistance score of toward language on "physical region". A low resistance score was also confirmed both groups on language concerning "the region on the actions of the partners" and "the region on the inner matters of the partner".4) In all inter-group comparisons, Resistance to the language use concerning "people who are not so intimate with the subject" was significantly high. Especially in cases of "dispute".5) University students of nursing and psychology and welfare (the object group) had low resistance. However, it is be not appropriate to postulate their lack of their sensitivity toward "abusive language" from this.
著者
山本 卓 藤井 仁奈
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.140-156, 2009-03 (Released:2011-11-04)

Dans Délire I, un des chapitres d'Une saison en enfer, le monologue de la Vierge folle raconte la relation du couple, Vierge folle et l'Époux infernal. Nous allons analiser la structure de la narration pour éclaircir la relation de ce couple, et la présence du locuteur qui apparaît momentanément au début et à la fin de ce chapitre.