著者
Miro SMRIGA Toshihiko ANDO Masahisa AKUTSU Yasushi FURUKAWA Kiyoshi MIWA Yasushi MORINAGA
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.2, pp.85-90, 2007 (Released:2007-05-16)
参考文献数
43
被引用文献数
18 23 26

Dietary supplementation with an essential amino acid L-lysine has been shown to reduce chronic anxiety in humans with low dietary intake of L-lysine. A combination of L-lysine and L-arginine has been documented to normalize hormonal stress responses in humans with high trait anxiety. The present study was carried out in one hundred eight healthy Japanese adults. The aim of study was to find out whether a week-long oral treatment with L-lysine (2.64 g per day) and L-arginine (2.64 g per day) reduces trait and stress-induced state anxiety and basal levels of stress hormones. We confirmed that, without regard to gender, the amino acid treatment significantly reduced both trait anxiety and state anxiety induced by cognitive stress battery. In addition, we found that the treatment with L-lysine and L-arginine decreased the basal levels of salivary cortisol and chromogranin-A (a salivary marker of the sympatho-adrenal system) in male subjects. These results of this double-blind, placebo controlled and randomized study confirm the previous findings in humans and animals and point to a combination of L-lysine and L-arginine as a potentially useful dietary intervention in otherwise healthy humans with high subjective levels of mental stress and anxiety.
著者
Masahiro TODA Kanehisa MORIMOTO Shingo NAGASAWA Kazuyuki KITAMURA
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.11-14, 2006 (Released:2006-03-15)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
37 37

We assessed the stress relief effect of spa bathing by measuring sensitive salivary stress markers, cortisol and chromogranin A (CgA). From 12 healthy males, saliva samples were collected immediately before and after spa bathing, and 30 min after that. Salivary cortisol and CgA levels were determined by ELISA. Salivary cortisol levels decreased after spa bathing. This tendency was more pronounced in individuals with higher levels of stress. The high-stress group showed lower salivary CgA levels after spa bathing, while the low-stress group higher salivary CgA levels in the same condition. These findings suggest that the spa bathing has a moderate affect on the stress relief.
著者
Satoshi Haramizu Fuminori Kawabata Koichiro Ohnuki Naohiko Inoue Tatsuo Watanabe Susumu Yazawa Tohru Fushiki
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.4, pp.279-284, 2011 (Released:2011-08-30)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
6 9 5

Enhancement of energy expenditure and reducing energy intake are crucial for weight control. Capsiate, a non-pungent capsaicin analog, is known to suppress body fat accumulation and reduce body weight by enhancing of energy expenditure in both mice and humans. However, it is poorly understood whether suppressing body fat accumulation by capsiate administration is equal to exercise or not. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of repeated administration of capsiate and exercise and to investigate the weight rebound after repeated capsiate administration and/or exercise. In the present study, we report that 2 weeks treatment of capsiate and exercise increased energy metabolism and suppressed body fat accumulation during 4 more weeks of ad libitum feeding. The body weight in capsiate and exercise groups was significantly lower than that of control group. The oxygen consumption was significanlty increased in capsiate and exercise groups than in the vehicle administered mice. In addition, the abdominal adipose tissue weight in capsiate and exercise groups was significantly lower than that of control group. These results indicate that suppressing body fat accumulation by capsiate intake is beneficial for maintaining an ideal body weight as exercise.
著者
Mayumi Nagano Kuniyoshi Shimizu Ryuichiro Kondo Chickako Hayashi Daigo Sato Katsuyuki Kitagawa Koichiro Ohnuki
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.4, pp.231-237, 2010 (Released:2010-09-08)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
21 26 24

Hericium erinaceus, a well known edible mashroom, has numerous biological activities. Especially hericenones and erinacines isolated from its fruiting body stimulate nerve growth factor (NGF) synthesis, which expects H. erinaceus to have some effects on brain functions and autonomic nervous system. Herein, we investigated the clinical effects of H. erinaceus on menopause, depression, sleep quality and indefinite complaints, using the Kupperman Menopausal Index (KMI), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Indefinite Complaints Index (ICI). Thirty females were randomly assigned to either the H. erinaceus (HE) group or the placebo group and took HE cookies or placebo cookies for 4 weeks. Each of the CES-D and the ICI score after the HE intake was significantly lower than that before. In two terms of the ICI, “insentive” and “palpitatio”, each of the mean score of the HE group was significantly lower than the placebo group. “Concentration”, “irritating” and “anxious” tended to be lower than the placebo group. Our results show that HE intake has the possibility to reduce depression and anxiety and these results suggest a different mechanism from NGF-enhancing action of H. erinaceus.
著者
Yuusuke SAITSU Akemi NISHIDE Kenji KIKUSHIMA Kuniyoshi SHIMIZU Koichiro OHNUKI
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.4, pp.125-131, 2019-08-01 (Released:2019-08-14)
参考文献数
42

Hericium erinaceus has been recognized as medical mushroom since ancient time, but its scientific evidence for human health has been still uncertain. In this study, we tested a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-group comparative study to evaluate the improvement of the cognitive functions by taking supplements containing fruiting body of H. erinaceus for 12 weeks. We performed three kinds of tests: Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Benton visual retention test, and Standard verbal paired-associate learning test (S-PA). MMSE alone showed that oral intake of H. erinaceus significantly improved cognitive functions and prevented from the deterioration. We speculate that various chemical compounds, including hericenones, in the mushroom have multiple effects to the brain neural networks and improve cognitive functions. Oral intake of H.erinaceus is safe and convenient method for dementia prevention so far.
著者
Takashi HAYASHI Satoru TSUJII Tadao IBURI Tamiko TAMANAHA Keiko YAMAGAMI Rieko ISHIBASHI Miyo HORI Shigeko SAKAMOTO Hitoshi ISHII Kazuo MURAKAMI
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.6, pp.281-285, 2007 (Released:2008-01-18)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
20 21

To elucidate the sustainable effects of laughter on gene expression, we recruited type 2 diabetic patients who were in-patient for receiving self-management education and examined time-dependent regulation for gene expression by laughter. Two-day experiment was performed. On one day, the patients watched comic video and laughed together with hospital staffs. On the other day, they participated in an inpatient diabetes educational program. Blood samples were collected before and 1.5, 4 h after watching comic video or spending lecture time, and changes in gene expression were comprehensively analyzed by microarray technique. Of the 41,000 genes analyzed, the laughter relatively up-regulated 39 genes, among which, 27 genes were relatively increased in the expression for all the observation period after watching comic video. By functional classification of these genes, 14 genes were found to be related to natural killer cell activity. No genes were included that are directly involved in blood glucose regulation, though successive suppression of postprandial blood glucose levels was observed. These results suggest that the laughter influences the expression of many genes classified into immune responses, and may contribute to amelioration of postprandial blood glucose elevation through a modulation of NK cell activity caused by up-regulation of relating genes.
著者
Hikaru TAKESHITA Eri WATANABE Yoshihiko NOROSE Yasuhiko ITO Hidemi TAKAHASHI
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.2, pp.87-95, 2019-04-01 (Released:2019-04-13)
参考文献数
22

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) urease is a key protein for persistent infection of the bacteria in the stomach. Although H. pylori generally induce anti-H. pylori-specific antibodies (Abs), these Abs do not usually work for eradication or prevention of the H. pylori infection. In our previous study, we identified a linear epitope composed of 19-mer peptides termed UB-33, CHHLDKSIKEDVQFADSRI, within the large subunit of H. pylori urease. Anti-UB-33-specific Abs neutralized the enzymatic activity of H. pylori urease in vitro. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of immunization of BALB/c mice with H. pylori UB-33 peptide. After confirming the production of anti-UB-33-specific Abs, mice were challenged orally with H. pylori Sydney Strain-1 (SS-1). Mice producing anti-UB-33-specific Abs were not infected with SS-1, and the amount of SS-1 isolate in their stomach was significantly reduced. Also, the urease-negative mutant of H. pylori, HPP1801, did not colonize in the stomach, indicating that H. pylori urease was a critical element for infection of H. pylori in the gastric mucosa. Moreover, mice producing UB-33-specific Abs apparently suppressed H. pylori infection in the stomach where anti-UB-33 Abs were secreted in the gastric juice, indicating that H. pylori colonization was inhibited in the presence of anti-UB-33 Abs. In addition, the neutralization activity of sera from mice immunized with purified urease was less potent than that in the sera from mice immunized with UB-33. Furthermore, the recognition of epitope UB-33 was mediated through Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) on the B-1 cells using TLR2-knockout BALB/c mice in vivo. These results indicate that liner peptide UB-33 should be used for immunization to induce neutralizing Abs instead of purified H. pylori urease to prevent H. pylori infection and their colonization in the stomach.
著者
Chikako TOMIYAMA-MIYAJI Mayumi WATANABE Takahiko OHISHI Yasuhiro KANDA Eisuke KAINUMA Hanaa Y. BAKIR JiWei SHEN HongWei REN Masashi INOUE Keiho TAJIMA XueFeng BAI Toru ABO
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.3, pp.119-125, 2007 (Released:2007-07-12)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
11 11

Since high levels of hyperthermia induce immunosuppression to a certain extent (i.e., granulocytosis and lymphocytopenia) in patients, we applied mild hyperthermia in volunteers using equipment enabling well-controlled hyperthermia. Restricted control of rectal temperature at 39.4 (± 0.2)°C for 30 min was conducted and various parameters of the body were examined. The most prominent change observed during exposure to hyperthermia was elevated levels of pH and PO2 in the blood, even in the venous blood. A transient elevation of ACTH, cortisol and growth hormone in the blood was also seen during this time. In parallel with this phenomenon, the number of total lymphocytes and those of its subsets (especially CD57+ or CD56+ NK cells and NKT cells) increased. More interestingly, the proportion of HLA-DR (MHC class II antigens) increased in NK and NKT cells, and their intensity on the surface of CD20+ B cells increased. These results suggest that mild hyperthermia is important for modulation of the functions of the circulatory, endocrine and immune systems.
著者
Kakeru ITO Miho YASUDA Yuki MAEDA Jean-Michel FUSTIN Yoshiaki YAMAGUCHI Yuka KONO Hiromitsu NEGORO Akihiro KANEMATSU Osamu OGAWA Masao DOI Hitoshi OKAMURA
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.2, pp.57-63, 2018-04-01 (Released:2018-04-18)
参考文献数
29

Micturition behavior follows regular day/night fluctuations, and unwanted increase in micturition could occur during night in jet lag condition. To clarify the effect of jet lag on micturition behavior, we simultaneously detected circadian micturition patterns and locomotor activity rhythms of mice under experimental jet lag conditions, by applying the improved automated Voided Stain on Paper (aVSOP) method. When wild-type (WT) mice were phase-advanced for 8 hours, day-night variation of micturition was disrupted suddenly, and this irregular daily micturition continued until 8 days, although their activity rhythms entrained gradually day by day until 8 days. We also examined how jet lag induced changes of micturition in Per-null mice lacking Per1, Per2 and Per3 genes, whose endogenous clock is completely disrupted. We found both micturition and locomotor activity of Per-null mice promptly entrained to the new LD cycle. These findings suggest that the irregular micturition during jet lag is caused along with the gradual shift of the endogenous clock, and paradoxically, jet lag-associated abnormality was absent when endogenous circadian oscillations were genetically disrupted.
著者
Masahiro TODA Shinsuke KUSAKABE Shingo NAGASAWA Kazuyuki KITAMURA Kanehisa MORIMOTO
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.2, pp.115-118, 2007 (Released:2007-05-16)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
17 26

We investigated the effect of laughter on salivary endocrinological stress marker chromogranin A (CgA). In saliva samples collected from 11 healthy males before and after watching a comic film or a non-humorous control film, salivary CgA levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Samples taken after watching the comic film showed increased levels of CgA. This tendency was more pronounced in individuals with lower initial levels of stress. The control samples showed no significant change in CgA levels. Stress score, subjectively evaluated using a visual analog scale, decreased significantly after watching the comic film. These findings suggest that, in addition to a stress relief effect, laughter can bring about feeling uplifted or fulfilled.
著者
Yasuyuki Kudo Satoko Morohashi Kaori Takasugi Shinji Tsutsumi Hiroshi Ogasawara Norihiro Hanabata Tetsuro Yoshimura Fuyuki Sato Shinsaku Fukuda Hiroshi Kijima
出版者
Biomedical Research Press
雑誌
Biomedical Research (ISSN:03886107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.2, pp.127-134, 2011 (Released:2011-05-03)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
2 3

Recent advances in endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) techniques contribute to endoscopic treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC). Recognition of chronic atrophic gastritis as the background is important for high-quality detection and diagnosis of EGC. But, relationships between EGC and atrophy of the background gastric mucosa caused by Helicobacter pylori are not well understood. The present study demonstrated histopathological phenotypes of EGC, as well as chronic atrophic gastritis as background mucosa of EGC. We evaluated mucosal heights, number of glands, and degree of intestinal metaplasia (IM) of the background gastric mucosa, using 81 cases of EGC resected by ESD. Gastric phenotype cancer cases showed IM of the background gastric mucosa less frequently, compared with intestinal phenotype cancer cases (score of IM, 1.15 vs. 1.65, P = 0.012). The average mucosal heights around EGC were lower in moderately to poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma cases than well differentiated adenocarcinoma cases (442.6 μm vs. 500.2 μm, P = 0.011). The mucosal atrophy indicated by average heights of background mucosa was low in the gastric phenotype cancer cases, compared with the intestinal phenotype cancercases (452.8 μm vs. 505.6 μm, P = 0.018). In the fundic gland area, the mucosal heights were low in the gastric phenotype cancer cases, compared with the intestinal phenotype cancer cases (413.2 μm vs. 495.5 μm, P = 0.015). Our results using EGC specimens indicated that gastric phenotype cancer and moderately to poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma had atrophic background mucosa with lower mucosal heights and less IM. The atrophic gastric mucosa with less IM is thought to play an important role in gastric carcinogenesis, especially tumoriogenesis of gastricphenotype cancer.