著者
片山 卓也 島津 明 東条 敏 二木 厚吉 緒方 和博 有本 泰仁 落水 浩一郎 早坂 良
出版者
JAIST Press
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, 2007-09

法令工学は,法令文書の作成や変更,法令実働化情報システムの構築を系統的に行うため,人工知能,言語処理,ソフトウェア工学の研究成果を使おうとする工学的アプローチであり,21 世紀COEプログラム「検証進化可能電子社会」の主要研究課題の一つである.安心な電子社会の実現には,電子社会の仕様書である法令を適切に作成し,それを施行する情報システムを正しく構築しなければならない.また,法令の改定に対しては,関係法令への変更伝播を整合的に行い,それを情報システムへの変更に矛盾なくつなげる必要がある.法令工学は,このような問題を工学的に解決することめざして,本COEで世界で初めて提案されたものである.現在,企業活動における法令尊守などが大きな社会問題として取り上げられているが,組織における規則の作成や尊守機構の設計なども法令工学の範疇に入ると考えられ,今後訪れる本格的な電子社会時代において,安心で公正な社会や組織の設計や実現に,法令工学はその基本技術を提供するものであると考えている.本書は,本COEにおける法令工学の研究活動を紹介するために書かれたものであるが,各章の著者は以下のようである.第1章 片山卓也 第2章 島津明 第3章 東条敏 第4章 二木厚吉,緒方和博,有本泰仁 第5章 落水浩一郎,早坂良
著者
加藤 明
出版者
JAIST Press
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1-39, 2009

加藤, 明. 眼鏡産地の盛衰 -福井県・鯖江市とイタリア・ベッルーノ産地比較のケース-. JAIST Press. 2009.
著者
加藤 明
出版者
JAIST Press
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1-48, 2012-02-15

加藤 明, 現代に生きる北陸の紙郷 -加賀雁皮紙、加賀二俣和紙、越中和紙、越前和紙の産地と事業者のケース-, JAIST Press. 2012.
著者
加藤 明
出版者
JAIST Press
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1-30, 2011-01-31

加藤 明, 老舗和菓子店のルネッサンス -金沢市 株式会社 森八のケース-. JAIST Press. 2011.
著者
堀 H. 信三 中森 義輝
出版者
JAIST Press
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1-350, 2010-06-10

updated:17-Aug-2010
著者
Debora Hammond
出版者
JAIST Press
巻号頁・発行日
2005-11

Drawing on more than a decade of research on the social implications of systems thinking, as well as practical experience in integrative, community-based approaches to education, this paper is an inquiry into philosophical and ethical considerations growing out of recent developments in systems thinking. In his foundational work on general system theory, Ludwig von Bertalanffy distinguishes between three general developments in the systems field: systems technology, systems science, and systems philosophy. These three dimensions of systems thinking each nurture distinct and often widely divergent theoretical and practical orientations. In his abstract for this session, Gary Metcalf asks whether the systems approach really has anything to offer. Science is a form of social feedback; it has created an enormous body of knowledge about the world and shaped humanity’s understanding of the nature of our collective reality. Knowledge then informs action. Assumptions built into scientific frameworks condition certain kinds of actions, as Bertalanffy has noted. Systems thinking as science nurtures a way of thinking that engenders a different kind of practice; systems as philosophy cultivates an ethic of integration and collaboration that has the potential to transform the nature of social organization. Although humanity still has a lot to learn about living more harmoniously and sustainably, systems thinking has made significant contributions in this direction in many fields, both theoretical and practical. The challenge is to integrate what we have learned, to communicate these insights to a larger audience, and to nurture institutional practices that honor the ethical principles inherent in the systems view.
著者
加藤 明
出版者
JAIST Press
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1-48, 2012-02-15

加藤 明, 現代に生きる北陸の紙郷 -加賀雁皮紙、加賀二俣和紙、越中和紙、越前和紙の産地と事業者のケース-, JAIST Press. 2012.
著者
Filippina Risopoulos
出版者
JAIST Press
巻号頁・発行日
2005-11

Today’s world is characterized by increasing change at all different levels of the society. Talking about change in the modern, advanced society, a special focus can be put on organizations and therefore connected to individuals as well. Shorter product life cycles and an increasing development of information and communication technologies are the basis for many changes. They all form a challenge for an organization’s innovation management. Hence, companies not only need innovation with regard to products or information and communication technologies, but also innovation in thinking and acting - innovation as new social procedures requires a new management of knowledge - especially of the creation of knowledge. However, as regards change at different societal levels which are supportive of innovation and knowledge creation, an important focus is on the issue: how is everything connected? One answer could be: through communication and language. From a constructivist point of view knowledge has to be discussed as a cognitive process of the human being and implies the skills of one’s perception, memorizing, connecting and networking, remembering, active steering of action and active learning. The potential for all these skills can be understood as the basis of individual human knowledge. In this contribution the focus is on the role of communication and language within a knowledge creation process. Furthermore, the impact of language in knowledge creation processes will be illuminated from a systemic point of view. Dealing with complex problems and systems such as knowledge creation processes can be made easier by using fitting interventions. The knowledge creation process can be supported by different models such as e.g. the logical levels of change which help humans to create more awareness for innovations in thinking and acting.
著者
Miura Motoki Ito Sadanori Kunifuji Susumu
出版者
JAIST Press
巻号頁・発行日
2007-11

We have developed a system with a flexible RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) antenna mat to assist caregivers in a group home. In Japan, a group home is a type of home-based care service for elderly persons who suffer from dementia. The caregivers working in the group home must always pay attention to such persons. Since the level of dependency of each elderly person is different, the caregivers must check whether the person requires support or not. However, the checking demands extra efforts on part of the caregivers in addition to the support tasks. To simplify this task, we introduce a system consisting of RFID antenna sheet sensors and RFID tags embedded in inner shoes or slippers of the elderly persons. The system can assist the caregivers to monitor the activities of the persons with dementia by specifying whether the person passed through the sheet on the corridor. It not only helps the caregivers to understand such persons by reviewing their activities but also keeps them informed about the person’s ongoing activities.
著者
El Bekkaye Mermri Katagiri Hideki Sakawa Masatoshi Kato Kosuke
出版者
JAIST Press
巻号頁・発行日
2005-11

Let G be a complete undirected graph with n vertices, e edges and m spanning trees. In this paper we give an algorithm for finding explicitly all spanning trees of G. Our technique is based on the representation of spanning trees by Prufer numbers. To represent all Prufer numbers with n - 2 digits we define what we call base-n. The algorithm requires a time of O(nm) and space of O(n). For finding all spanning trees explicitly of undirected graphs, the best known algorithm requires a time of O(e + n + nm) and space of O(e + n).