著者
李 吉英 島上 和則 宮崎 良文 佐藤 方彦
出版者
日本生理人類学会
雑誌
日本生理人類学会誌 (ISSN:13423215)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.3, pp.119-125, 2003-08-25 (Released:2017-07-28)
参考文献数
17

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the difference in skin color between 50 Japanese women and 50 Korean women aged in their twenties. We measured the color of bare skin and foundation-applied skin by the Munsell System. Moreover we checked their preference for skin color with "skin color sample board" . The results were analyzed by using a three-factor (nationality, site, make-up) analysis of variance (3-way ANOVA). The results of this study are as follows. l)There was a significant difference between the Japanese and Korean women. The Japanese women had more reddish and brighter skin color than the Korean women. Moreover, the Japanese women showed a low Munsell value. 2) There were no differences in make-up tendencies to between the Japanese and Korean women. Both the Japanese and Korean women had yellowish make-up on their bare skin. In particular, they had darker make-up on their sides of their cheeks. It is a common method of make-up of Japanese and Korean women in their 20's.
著者
小林 宏光 佐藤 方彦
出版者
Japan Society of Physiological Anthropology
雑誌
The Annals of physiological anthropology (ISSN:02878429)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.1, pp.45-49, 1992-01-01 (Released:2008-02-08)
参考文献数
7
被引用文献数
38 41

The present study was desigend to examine the effects of illuminance and color tempera-ture of room lighting. Four male students volunteered as subjects. Each of them performed a calculation task for 95 minutes under nine different lighting environments consisting of a combination of three levels of illuminance (320lx, 1000lx and 2000lx) and three levels of color temperature (3000°K, 5000°K and 7500°K). Three types of fluorescent lamps were used as a light source to vary the color temperature. Blood pr.essure, critical flicker frequency (CFF) and accommodation time of eye movements were measured every 30 minutes during the task. The accommodation time was significantly influenced by the illuminance level and both the relaxation time and contraction time were prolonged under 2000lx. The diastolic blood pressure was significantly affected by the color temperature level and increased under 7500°K. As for the CFF, the interaction between illuminance and color temperature was significant. These results mean that not only the illuminance but also color temperature produces physio-logical effects. The present study may be the first to recognize the effect of color temperature on the blood pressure
著者
佐藤 方彦 佐藤 陽彦 勝浦 哲夫 津田 隆志 原 田一 山崎 和彦 安河 内朗
出版者
The Anthropological Society of Nippon
雑誌
人類學雜誌 (ISSN:00035505)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.1, pp.23-28, 1977 (Released:2008-02-26)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
3 4

4人の成人男子により,それぞれ4強度段階のエルゴメータ作業とトレッドミル作業を実施し,_??_o2の,HRあるいは安静値を基準としたHRの増加率に対する回帰式を,両作業をこみにした場合と作業別について,個人別及び全員に関して算出した。これらの回帰式にもとついて,HRあるいはその増加率より_??_o2を推定するとともに,最大下作業より_??_o2maxを推定した上で%_??_o2maxとHRの直線関係に依存して算出した推定式の成績を検討した。最も優れた成績は,個人毎に_??_o2のHRに対する回帰を求め,これを求めたその種目の作業について推定した場合に得られたが,ここに新たに提示した推定式による算出法は,なお実用化の条件についての検討は要するが,推定成績が比較的よく,一般化を行う上でも利点があることが認められた。
著者
佐藤 方彦 勝浦 哲夫
出版者
The Anthropological Society of Nippon
雑誌
人類學雜誌 (ISSN:00035505)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.1, pp.1-17, 1975 (Released:2008-02-26)
参考文献数
123
被引用文献数
1 1

A number of studies on weighting and unweighting formulas for calculating mean skin temperature are reviewed. From the view point of simplicity of experimental technique and calculation in field studies, a four-p int mean based on a system devised by Ramanathan (1964) is noted especially.The present authors concluded from a review of many previous studies concerning mean skin temperasure during muscular works that increases in cutaneous venous tone, increases in heat loss from body surface by the additional wind caused by the movements, and increases in evaporative heat loss accompanied with rises in body core temperature are the principal reasons why the mean skin temperature shows no significant rises during muscular works.A nomogram for calculation of mean skin temperature from the heart rate and oxygen intake under various conditions of air temperature and work intensity is indicated. This nomogram was made to be used for female young adults.