- 経済理論 (ISSN:18825184)
- vol.42, no.4, pp.34-44, 2006
The second MEGA, starting in the 1970s, has provided access to quite a lot of hitherto unknown and unpublished writings by Marx and Engels. It has allowed us to discover an unknown Marx, in particular with respect to his unfinished masterpiece, Capital. Because of the many manuscripts pertaining to this great project that have been published in recent years, we are now able to assess the long road that led towards what we know as Capital in much detail. As a matter of fact, Marx did actually write no less than four different versions of his critique of political economy, starting in 1857/58. When he died in 1883, he was not yet finished with it. We are also able to follow Marx' revising and rewriting of Capital, volume I from the first German edition of 1867 until the 3^<rd> German edition of 1883, which had still been largely prepared by Marx himself, Capital remained largely a work in progress. Thanks to the materials that already have been published or will be published in the years to come, we are now able to get a clear idea of Marx' work on Capital during the last 15 years of his life, when, as conventional wisdom has it, he seemed to have lost track of his great project. On the contrary, the evidence shows that he continued to work on it until his last days. Recently, Engels' work as editor of Marx' manuscripts for Capital, volume II and III, has been criticized harshly, once the original manuscripts for volume II and III of Capital had been published. As more of Engels' redaction manuscripts have been or are about to be published in the MEGA, we are now able to reassess Engels' work-and to refute most of the criticism as rather exaggerated.