著者
Shingo Matsumoto Shunsuke Kuroda Takahide Sano Takeshi Kitai Taishi Yonetsu Shun Kohsaka Sho Torii Takuya Kishi Issei Komuro Ken-ichi Hirata Koichi Node Yuya Matsue
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-21-0160, (Released:2021-04-29)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
21

Background:This study investigated the effects of age on the outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and on cardiac biomarker profiles, especially in patients with cardiovascular diseases and/or risk factors (CVDRF).Methods and Results:A nationwide multicenter retrospective study included 1,518 patients with COVID-19. Of these patients, 693 with underlying CVDRF were analyzed; patients were divided into age groups (<55, 55–64, 65–79, and ≥80 years) and in-hospital mortality and age-specific clinical and cardiac biomarker profiles on admission evaluated. Overall, the mean age of patients was 68 years, 449 (64.8%) were male, and 693 (45.7%) had underlying CVDRF. Elderly (≥80 years) patients had a significantly higher risk of in-hospital mortality regardless of concomitant CVDRF than younger patients (P<0.001). Typical characteristics related to COVID-19, including symptoms and abnormal findings on baseline chest X-ray and computed tomography scans, were significantly less prevalent in the elderly group than in the younger groups. However, a significantly (P<0.001) higher proportion of elderly patients were positive for cardiac troponin (cTn), and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro BNP (NT-proBNP) levels on admission were significantly higher among elderly than younger patients (P<0.001 and P=0.001, respectively).Conclusions:Elderly patients with COVID-19 had a higher risk of mortality during the hospital course, regardless of their history of CVDRF, were more likely to be cTn positive, and had significantly higher BNP/NT-proBNP levels than younger patients.
著者
Keisuke Kida Takeshi Kitai Norio Suzuki Kohei Ashikaga Seisyou Kou Nobuyuki Kagiyama Tetsuo Yamaguchi Takahiro Okumura Atsushi Mizuno Shogo Oishi Yasutaka Inuzuka Eiichi Akiyama Satoshi Suzuki Masayoshi Yamamoto Yuya Matsue
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-21-0269, (Released:2021-07-09)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
3

Background:Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). Heart rate (HR) also changes significantly over time. However, the association between changes in HR in AF patients and prognosis is uncertain.Methods and Results:We investigated the association between HR reduction in AF achieved within 48 h of admission and 60-day mortality in patients with AHF from the REALITY-AHF study. The percentage HR (%HR) reduction was calculated as (baseline HR–HR at 48 h) / baseline HR × 100. The primary endpoint was 60-day all-cause mortality. In 468 patients with confirmed AF at both admission and 48 h after admission, the median HR at these time points was 105±31 and 84±18 beats/min, respectively. The median %HR reduction was 15.4% (interquartile range 2.2–31.4%). During the 60 days of admission, 39 deaths (8.3%) were recorded, and the %HR reduction within 48 h was significantly associated with 60-day mortality in the unadjusted model (hazard ratio [HR] 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.77–0.95; P=0.005) and after adjusting for other covariates (HR 0.81; 95% CI 0.68–0.96; P=0.016).Furthermore, the %HR reduction was associated with a significant reduction in 60-day mortality in patients with higher baseline HR.Conclusions:%HR reduction is associated with a better short-term prognosis in patients with AHF presenting with AF, particularly in those with a rapid ventricular response.
著者
Tadafumi Sugimoto Atsushi Mizuno Daisuke Yoneoka Shingo Matsumoto Chisa Matsumoto Yuya Matsue Mari Ishida Michikazu Nakai Yoshitaka Iwanaga Yoshihiro Miyamoto Koichi Node
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-23-0072, (Released:2023-09-16)
参考文献数
15

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, cardiovascular hospitalizations decreased and in-hospital mortality for ST-elevation myocardial infarction and heart failure increased. However, limited research has been conducted on hospitalization and mortality rates for cardiovascular disease (CVD) other than ischemic heart disease and heart failure.Methods and Results: We analyzed the records of 530 certified hospitals affiliated with the Japanese Circulation Society obtained from the nationwide JROAD-DPC database between April 2014 and March 2021. A quasi-Poisson regression model was used to predict the counterfactual number of hospitalizations for CVD treatment, assuming there was no pandemic. The observed number of inpatients compared with the predicted number in 2020 was 88.1% for acute CVD, 78% for surgeries or procedures, 77.2% for catheter ablation, and 68.5% for left ventricular assist devices. Furthermore, there was no significant change in in-hospital mortality, and the decrease in hospitalizations for catheter ablation and valvular heart disease constituted 47.6% of the total decrease in annual hospitalization costs during the COVID-19 pandemic.Conclusions: Cardiovascular hospitalizations decreased by more than 10% in 2020, and the number of patients scheduled for left ventricular assist device implantation decreased by over 30%. In addition, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, annual cardiovascular hospitalization costs were reduced, largely attributed to decreased catheter ablation and valvular heart disease.
著者
Takahiro Yamauchi Yasuo Okumura Koichi Nagashima Ryuta Watanabe Yuki Saito Katsuaki Yokoyama Naoya Matsumoto Katsumi Miyauchi Sakiko Miyazaki Hidemori Hayashi Yuya Matsue Yuji Nishizaki Shuko Nojiri Tohru Minamino Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0318, (Released:2023-08-09)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1

Background: The HELT-E2S2score, which assigns 1 point to Hypertension, Elderly aged 75–84 years, Low body mass index <18.5 kg/m2, and Type of atrial fibrillation (AF: persistent/permanent), and 2 points to Extreme Elderly aged ≥85 years and previous Stroke, has been proposed as a new risk stratification for strokes in Japanese AF patients, but has not yet undergone external validation.Methods and Results: We evaluated the prognostic performance of the HELT-E2S2score for stroke risk stratification using 2 large-scale registries in Japanese AF patients (n=7,020). During 23,241 person-years of follow-up (mean follow-up 1,208±450 days), 287 ischemic stroke events occurred. The C-statistic using the HELT-E2S2score was 0.661 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.629–0.692), which was numerically higher than with the CHADS2score (0.644, 95% CI 0.613–0.675; P=0.15 vs. HELT-E2S2) or CHA2DS2-VASc score (0.650, 95% CI, 0.619–0.680; P=0.37 vs. HELT-E2S2). In the SAKURA AF Registry, the C-statistic of the HELT-E2S2score was consistently higher than the CHADS2and CHA2DS2-VASc scores across all 3 types of facilities comprising university hospitals, general hospitals, and clinics. However, in the RAFFINE Study, its superiority was only observed in general hospitals.Conclusions: The HELT-E2S2score demonstrated potential value for risk stratification, particularly in a super-aged society such as Japan. However, its superiority over the CHADS2or CHA2DS2-VASc scores may vary across different hospital settings.
著者
Yuji Ikari Yuya Matsue Sho Torii Misaki Hasegawa Kazuki Aihara Shunsuke Kuroda Takahide Sano Takeshi Kitai Taishi Yonetsu Shun Kohsaka Takuya Kishi Issei Komuro Ken-ichi Hirata Koichi Node Shingo Matsumoto
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-21-0087, (Released:2021-04-29)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
12

Background:Cardiovascular diseases and/or risk factors (CVDRF) have been reported as risk factors for severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods and Results:In total, we selected 693 patients with CVDRF from the CLAVIS-COVID database of 1,518 cases in Japan. The mean age was 68 years (35% females). Statin use was reported by 31% patients at admission. Statin users exhibited lower incidence of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) insertion (1.4% vs. 4.6%, odds ratio [OR]: 0.295, P=0.037) and septic shock (1.4% vs. 6.5%, OR: 0.205, P=0.004) despite having more comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus.Conclusions:This study suggests the potential benefits of statins use against COVID-19.
著者
Yuya Matsue Yoshiharu Kinugasa Takeshi Kitai Shogo Ohishi Kazuhiro Yamamoto Hiroyuki Tsutsui
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-20-0081, (Released:2020-08-13)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
3

Background:The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the respiratory management strategy with regard to the use of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) and high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) in Japan is unclear.Methods and Results:This cross-sectional study used a self-reported online questionnaire, with responses from 174 institutions across Japan. More than 60% of institutions responded that the treatment of AHF patients requiring respiratory management became fairly or very difficult during the COVID-19 pandemic than earlier, with institutions in alert areas considering such treatment significantly more difficult than those in non-alert areas (P=0.004). Overall, 61.7% and 58.8% of institutions changed their indications for NPPV and HFNC, respectively. Significantly more institutions in the alert area changed their practices for the use of NPPV and HFNC during the COVID-19 pandemic (P=0.004 and P=0.002, respectively). When there was insufficient time or information to determine whether AHF patients may have concomitant COVID-19, institutions in alert areas were significantly more likely to refrain from using NPPV and HFNC than institutions in non-alert areas.Conclusions:The COVID-19 pandemic has compelled healthcare providers to change the respiratory management of AHF, especially in alert areas.
著者
Tadafumi Sugimoto Atsushi Mizuno Daisuke Yoneoka Shingo Matsumoto Chisa Matsumoto Yuya Matsue Mari Ishida Michikazu Nakai Yoshitaka Iwanaga Yoshihiro Miyamoto Koichi Node
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.8, pp.353-362, 2022-08-10 (Released:2022-08-10)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
3

Background: Although reductions in hospitalizations for myocardial infarction and heart failure have been reported during the period of COVID-19 pandemic restrictions, it is unclear how the overall number of hospitalizations for cardiovascular disease (CVD) treatment changed in the early stages of the pandemic.Methods and Results: We analyzed the records of 574 certified hospitals affiliated with the Japanese Circulation Society and retrieved data from April 2015 to March 2020. Records were obtained from the nationwide Japanese Registry of All Cardiac and Vascular Diseases–Diagnosis Procedure Combination database. A quasi-Poisson regression model was used to estimate the number of hospitalizations for CVD treatment. Between January and March 2020, when the number of COVID-19 cases was relatively low in Japan, the actual/estimated number of hospitalizations for acute CVD was 18,233/21,634 (84.3%), whereas the actual/estimated number of scheduled hospitalizations was 16,921/19,066 (88.7%). The number of hospitalizations for acute heart failure and scheduled hospitalizations for valvular disease and aortic aneurysm were 81.1%, 84.6%, and 83.8% of the estimated values, respectively. A subanalysis that considered only facilities without hospitalization restrictions did not alter the results for these diseases.Conclusions: The spread of COVID-19 was associated with a decreased number of hospitalizations for CVD in Japan, even in the early stages of the pandemic.
著者
Naofumi Yoshida Sachiyo Iwata Masato Ogawa Kazuhiro P. Izawa Shunsuke Kuroda Shun Kohsaka Taishi Yonetsu Takeshi Kitai Sho Torii Takahide Sano Yoshitada Sakai Tomoya Yamashita Ken-ichi Hirata Yuya Matsue Shingo Matsumoto Koichi Node
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.7, pp.375-380, 2021-07-09 (Released:2021-07-09)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
4

Background:The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged healthcare systems, at times overwhelming intensive care units (ICUs). We aimed to describe the length and rate of ICU admission, and explore the clinical variables influencing ICU use, for COVID-19 patients with known cardiovascular diseases or their risk factors (CVDRF).Methods and Results:A post hoc analysis was performed of 693 Japanese COVID-19 patients with CVDRF enrolled in the nationwide CLAVIS-COVID registration system between January and May 2020 (mean [±SD] age 68.3±14.9 years; 35% female); 199 patients (28.7%) required ICU management. The mean (±SD) ICU length of stay (LOS) was 19.3±18.5 days, and the rate of in-hospital death and hospital LOS were significantly higher (P<0.001) and longer (P<0.001), respectively, in the ICU than non-ICU group. Logistic regression analysis revealed that clinical variables reflecting impaired general condition (e.g., high C-reactive protein, low Glasgow Coma Scale score, SpO2, albumin level), male sex, and previous use of β-blockers) were associated with ICU admission (all P<0.001). Notably, age was inversely associated with ICU admission, and this was particularly prominent among elderly patients (OR 0.97, 95% confidence interval 0.95–0.99; P=0.0018).Conclusions:One-third of COVID patients with CVDRF required ICU care during the first phase of the pandemic in Japan. Other than anticipated clinical variables, such as hypoxia and altered mental status, age was inversely associated with the use of the ICU, warranting further investigation.
著者
Shingo Matsumoto Satoshi Noda Sho Torii Yuji Ikari Shunsuke Kuroda Takeshi Kitai Taishi Yonetsu Shun Kohsaka Koichi Node Takanori Ikeda Yuya Matsue
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.7, pp.315-321, 2022-07-08 (Released:2022-07-08)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
1

Background: Male sex is associated with a worse clinical course and outcomes of COVID-19, particularly in older patients. However, studies on COVID-19 patients with cardiovascular disease and/or risk factors (CVDRF), which are representative risk factors of COVID-19, are limited. In this study, we investigated the effect of sex on the outcomes of hospitalized COVID-19 patients with CVDRF.Methods and Results: We analyzed 693 COVID-19 patients with CVDRF. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on sex, and baseline characteristics and in-hospital outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. The mean age of the 693 patients was 68 years; 64.8% were men and 96.1% were Japanese. In a univariate analysis model, sex was not significantly associated with in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] 1.22; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.74–2.02; P=0.43). However, men had higher in-hospital mortality than women, especially among older (age ≥80 years) patients (OR 2.21; 95% CI 1.11–4.41; P=0.024). After adjusting for age and pivotal risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, coronary artery disease, chronic lung disease, and chronic kidney disease), multivariate analysis suggested that male sex was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality (OR 2.20; 95% CI 1.23–3.92; P=0.008).Conclusions: In this post hoc analysis of a nationwide registry focusing on patients with COVID-19 and CVDRF, men had higher in-hospital mortality than women, especially among older patients.
著者
Tomoyuki Yamada Taku Ogawa Kenta Minami Yusuke Kusaka Masaaki Hoshiga Akira Ukimura Takahide Sano Takeshi Kitai Taishi Yonetsu Sho Torii Shun Kohsaka Shunsuke Kuroda Koichi Node Yuya Matsue Shingo Matsumoto
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.11, pp.2111-2115, 2021-10-25 (Released:2021-10-25)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
2

Background:This study aimed to determine whether disease severity varied according to whether coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients had multiple or single cardiovascular diseases and risk factors (CVDRFs).Methods and Results:COVID-19 patients with single (n=281) or multiple (n=412) CVDRFs were included retrospectively. Multivariable logistic regression showed no significant difference in the risk of in-hospital death between groups, but patients with multiple CVDRFs had a significantly higher risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome (odds ratio: 1.75, 95% confidence interval: 1.09–2.81).Conclusions:COVID-19 patients with multiple CVDRFs have a higher risk of complications than those with a single CDVRF.