- The Japanese Circulation Society
- Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
- pp.CJ-20-1058, (Released:2021-02-11)
Background:Outcomes with prasugrel single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) vs. dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in Japanese percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients with high bleeding risk (HBR) are currently unknown.Methods and Results:Data from 1,173 SAPT and 2,535 DAPT patients from the PENDULUM mono and PENDULUM registry studies (respective median DAPT durations: 108 vs. 312 days) were compared. The adjusted cumulative incidence of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 2, 3, or 5 bleeding from 1 to 12 months after PCI (primary endpoint) was 2.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9–4.2) and 4.1% (95% CI, 3.3–5.1), respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 0.69; 95% CI, 0.45–1.06; P=0.090). The adjusted cumulative incidences of BARC 2, 3, or 5 bleeding from 0 to 12 months after PCI (secondary endpoint) were 3.8% (95% CI, 2.7–5.3) and 5.6% (95% CI, 4.7–6.7), respectively (HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.47–0.98; P=0.039). There was no significant difference in major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) from 1 to 12 months after PCI (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.63–1.37; P=0.696) and at 12 months after PCI (HR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.61–1.19; P=0.348) between the groups.Conclusions:Prasugrel SAPT may reduce BARC 2, 3, or 5 bleeding, without increasing MACCE, in Japanese patients with HBR.