著者
Nobuhiro Nakanishi Koichi Kaikita Masanobu Ishii Yu Oimatsu Tatsuro Mitsuse Miwa Ito Kenshi Yamanaga Koichiro Fujisue Hisanori Kanazawa Daisuke Sueta Seiji Takashio Yuichiro Arima Satoshi Araki Taishi Nakamura Kenji Sakamoto Satoru Suzuki Eiichiro Yamamoto Hirofumi Soejima Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.3, pp.158-166, 2020-03-10 (Released:2020-03-10)
参考文献数
51
被引用文献数
10

Background:Direct-activated factor X (FXa) plays an important role in thrombosis and is also involved in inflammation via the protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1 and PAR-2 pathway. We hypothesized that rivaroxaban protects against cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI).Methods and Results:MI was induced in wild-type mice by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. At day 1 after MI, mice were randomly assigned to the rivaroxaban and vehicle groups. Mice in the rivaroxaban group were provided with a regular chow diet plus rivaroxaban. We evaluated cardiac function by echocardiography, pathology, expression of mRNA and protein at day 7 after MI. Rivaroxaban significantly improved cardiac systolic function, decreased infarct size and cardiac mass compared with the vehicle. Rivaroxaban also downregulated the mRNA expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, transforming growth factor-β, PAR-1 and PAR-2 in the infarcted area, and both A-type and B-type natriuretic peptides in the non-infarcted area compared with the vehicle. Furthermore, rivaroxaban attenuated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase in the non-infarcted area compared with the vehicle.Conclusions:Rivaroxaban protected against cardiac dysfunction in MI model mice. Reduction of PAR-1, PAR-2 and proinflammatory cytokines in the infarcted area may be involved in its cardioprotective effects.
著者
Koichiro Fujisue Eiichiro Yamamoto Daisuke Sueta Yuichiro Arima Kyoko Hirakawa Noriaki Tabata Masanobu Ishii Miwa Ito Kenshi Yamanaga Shinsuke Hanatani Tadashi Hoshiyama Hisanori Kanazawa Seiji Takashio Satoshi Araki Hiroki Usuku Taishi Nakamura Hirofumi Soejima Koichi Kaikita Hiroaki Kawano Kenichi Matsushita Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.63044, (Released:2021-09-28)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
6

Aims: Royal jelly, a creamy substance secreted by honeybees, has been reported to have beneficial effects against dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome. However, the effects of royal jelly on atherogenesis remain unknown. Hence, we prospectively evaluated whether royal jelly augments vascular endothelial function, which can reflect early atherogenesis, in healthy volunteers. Methods: This was a single-center, double-blind, 1:1 randomized placebo-controlled study conducted from October 2018 to December 2019. A total of 100 healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to receive either royal jelly 690 mg or placebo daily for 4 weeks. The primary endpoint was augmentation in vascular endothelial function as assessed using the change in the reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry index (RH-PAT) index, and the secondary endpoints were the changes in liver function and lipid profiles between baseline and 4 weeks after enrollment. Results: The mean age of the participants was 35.0±9.3 years in the placebo group and 36.1±9.1 years in the royal jelly groups; 45% and 50% of the placebo and the royal jelly groups, respectively, were male. The percentage relative change in the RH-PAT index was significantly higher in the royal jelly group than in the placebo group (21.4%±53.1% vs. 0.05%±40.9%, P=0.037). The percentage relative changes in alanine aminotransferase and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase were significantly lower in the royal jelly group than in the placebo group (alanine aminotransferase: −6.06%±22.2% vs. 11.6%±46.5%, P=0.02; γ-glutamyl transpeptidase: −3.45%±17.8% vs. 4.62%±19.4%, P=0.045). Lipid profiles were not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusions: Royal jelly might have antiatherogenic property by improving vascular endothelial function. It also augmented liver functions in healthy volunteers.
著者
Hiroki Usuku Eiichiro Yamamoto Masato Nishi Takashi Komorita Masafumi Takae Taiki Nishihara Fumi Oike Masanobu Ishii Koichiro Fujisue Daisuke Sueta Satoshi Araki Seiji Takashio Seitaro Oda Yohei Misumi Mitsuharu Ueda Taishi Nakamura Hiroaki Kawano Hirofumi Soejima Kenji Sakamoto Koichi Kaikita Yukio Ando Hirotaka Matsui Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.12, pp.730-738, 2020-12-10 (Released:2020-12-10)
参考文献数
27

Background:Using transthoracic echocardiography, including 2D speckle tracking imaging (STI), this study examined cardiac function after domino liver transplantation (DLT) with liver grafts explanted from patients with hereditary amyloidogenic transthyretin amyloidosis.Methods and Results:In all, 14 patients who underwent DLT at Kumamoto University Hospital and for whom 2D STI information was available were enrolled in the study; time-dependent echocardiographic changes were evaluated in 7. Although left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function did not differ between the pre- and post-DLT periods (mean [±SD] 5.4±1.0 years after DLT), there were significant (P<0.05 for all) increases in the post- vs. pre-DLT period in basal longitudinal strain (LS; −13.4±2.3 vs. −19.3±4.4), relative apical LS index (=apical LS/[basal LS+mid LS]; 0.75±0.20 vs. 0.58±0.08), and LV ejection fraction/global LS (3.91±0.58 vs. 3.06±0.44). Age at the time of DLT was significantly higher in the group with impaired (>−14%) than preserved basal LS (57.2±3.5 vs. 39.6±16.0 years; P<0.05). When control subjects (n=14) were added to the enrolled DLT recipients, multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that a history of DLT was significantly associated with impaired basal LS (>−14%; odds ratio 28.39, 95% confidence interval 1.89–427.45, P<0.05).Conclusions:LV systolic and diastolic function was preserved in the long term after DLT. However, 2D STI revealed subtle cardiac dysfunction in DLT recipients, which may be an early manifestation of cardiac amyloidosis.