著者
Noriaki Iwahashi Hironori Takahashi Takeru Abe Kozo Okada Eiichi Akiyama Yasushi Matsuzawa Masaaki Konishi Nobuhiko Maejima Kiyoshi Hibi Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.10, pp.422-430, 2019-10-10 (Released:2019-10-10)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
7

Background:We investigated the clinical usefulness of landiolol for rapid atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and identify the patients eligible for landiolol.Methods and Results:A total of 101 ADHF patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) with rapid AF were enrolled. Immediately after admission, an initial dose of landiolol was given (1 μg/kg−1/min−1), and then the dose was increased to decrease heart rate (HR) to <110 beats/min and change HR (∆HR) >20% in ≤24 h. Thirty-seven were monitored using right heart catheterization at 3 points (baseline, 1 μg/kg−1/min−1, and maximum dose). We checked the major adverse events (MAE) during initial hospitalization, which included cardiac death, HF prolongation (required i.v. treatment at 30 days), and worsening renal function. The average maximum dose of landiolol was 3.8±2.3 μg/kg−1/min−1. HR (P<0.0001) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (P=0.0008) decreased safely. MAE occurred in 39 patients. The patients with left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic volume index <84.0 mL/m2and mean blood pressure (mean BP) >97 mmHg had less frequent MAE (P<0.0001).Conclusions:Landiolol was effective for safely controlling rapid AF in patients with HFrEF with ADHF, leading to hemodynamic improvement and avoidance of short-term MAE, especially in patients with relatively smaller LV and higher BP.
著者
Naoto Kuyama Koichi Kaikita Masanobu Ishii Noriaki Tabata Seitaro Oda Yasuhiro Otsuka Koichi Egashira Yuichiro Shirahama Shinsuke Hanatani Seiji Takashio Yasushi Matsuzawa Eiichiro Yamamoto Toshinori Hirai Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-23-0092, (Released:2023-11-30)
参考文献数
21

Background: Subclinical leaflet thrombosis occasionally occurs after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), but its exact etiology and relationship with thrombogenicity remain unknown.Methods and Results: This study enrolled 35 patients who underwent TAVI. Thrombogenicity was evaluated using a total thrombus-formation analysis system (T-TAS) to compute the thrombus-formation area under the curve (PL18-AUC10and AR10-AUC30). Periprocedural thrombogenic parameters including T-TAS were investigated at pre-TAVI, 2 days, 7 days, and 3 months post-TAVI. Hypoattenuated leaflet thickening (HALT) and maximum leaflet thickness (MLT) were evaluated using contrast-enhanced computed tomography 7 days and 3 months post-TAVI. The associations between thrombogenicity and HALT or MLT were assessed. T-TAS parameters consistently decreased at 2 and 7 days post-TAVI, followed by improvement at 3 months. HALT was detected in 20% and 17% of patients at 7 days and 3 months, respectively, post-TAVI. The median MLT value was 1.60 mm at 7 days and 3 months post-TAVI. A significant positive correlation was observed between the decrease in the AR10-AUC30and MLT at 7 days post-TAVI. Univariate linear regression analysis revealed a decrease in the AR10-AUC30and an increase in the D-dimer level as a significant predictor of MLT deterioration.Conclusions: The findings suggested that a transient decrease in thrombogenicity following TAVI predicts leaflet thrombosis, implying that monitoring thrombogenicity may be useful for predicting progression of leaflet thrombosis.
著者
Ryosuke Sato Yasushi Matsuzawa Tomohiro Yoshii Eiichi Akiyama Masaaki Konishi Hidefumi Nakahashi Yugo Minamimoto Yuichiro Kimura Kozo Okada Nobuhiko Maejima Noriaki Iwahashi Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kazuo Kimura Kouichi Tamura Kiyoshi Hibi
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.64368, (Released:2023-10-12)
参考文献数
48

Aim: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level reduction is highly effective in preventing the occurrence of a cardiovascular event. Contrariwise, an inverse association exists between LDL-C levels and prognosis in some patients with cardiovascular diseases—the so-called “cholesterol paradox.” This study aimed to investigate whether the LDL-C level on admission affects the long-term prognosis in patients who develop acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to examine factors associated with poor prognosis in patients with low LDL-C levels. Methods: We enrolled 410 statin-naïve patients with ACS, whom we divided into low- and high-LDL-C groups based on an admission LDL-C cut-off (obtained from the Youden index) of 122 mg/dL. Endothelial function was assessed using the reactive hyperemia index 1 week after statin initiation. The primary composite endpoint included all-cause death, as well as myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke occurrences. Results: During a median follow-up period of 6.1 years, 76 patients experienced the primary endpoint. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that patients in the low LDL-C group had a 2.3-fold higher risk of experiencing the primary endpoint than those in the high LDL-C group (hazard ratio, 2.34; 95% confidence interval, 1.29-4.27; p=0.005). In the low LDL-C group, slow gait speed (frailty), elevated chronic-phase high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels (chronic inflammation), and endothelial dysfunction were significantly associated with the primary endpoint. Conclusions: Patients with low LDL-C levels at admission due to ACS had a significantly worse long-term prognosis than those with high LDL-C levels; frailty, chronic inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction were poor prognostic factors.
著者
Yasushi Matsuzawa Masaaki Konishi Michikazu Nakai Yusuke Saigusa Masataka Taguri Masaomi Gohbara Toshiaki Ebina Masami Kosuge Kiyoshi Hibi Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiro Miyamoto Satoshi Yasuda Hisao Ogawa Yoshihiko Saito Naoki Nakayama Ichiro Takeuchi Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.7, pp.1140-1146, 2020-06-25 (Released:2020-06-25)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
16 15

Background:Low population density may be associated with high mortality in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of population density and hospital primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) volume on AMI in-hospital mortality in Japan.Methods and Results:This is a retrospective study of 64,414 AMI patients transported to hospital by ambulances. The main outcome measure was in-hospital mortality. The median population density was 1,147 (interquartile range, 342–5,210) persons/km2. There was a significant negative relationship between population density and in-hospital mortality (OR for a quartile down in population density 1.086, 95% CI 1.042–1.132, P<0.001). Patients in less densely populated areas were more often transported to hospitals with a lower primary PCI volume, and they had a longer distance to travel. By using multivariable analysis, primary PCI volume was found to be significantly associated with in-hospital mortality, but distance to hospital was not. When divided into the low- and high-volume hospitals, using the cut-off value of 115 annual primary PCI procedures, the increase in in-hospital mortality associated with low population density was observed only in patients hospitalized in the low-volume hospitals.Conclusions:Increased in-hospital mortality related to low population density was observed only in AMI patients who were transported to the low primary PCI volume hospitals, but not in those who were transported to high-volume hospitals.
著者
Noriaki Iwahashi Jin Kirigaya Masaomi Gohbara Takeru Abe Mutsuo Horii Yohei Hanajima Noriko Toya Hironori Takahashi Yugo Minamimoto Yuichiro Kimura Eiichi Akiyama Kozo Okada Yasushi Matsuzawa Nobuhiko Maejima Kiyoshi Hibi Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-21-0183, (Released:2021-06-01)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
8

Background:Three-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) after ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with left ventricular (LV) remodeling and 1-year prognosis. This study investigated the clinical significance of 3D-STE in predicting the long-term prognosis of patients with STEMI.Methods and Results:A total of 270 patients (mean age 64.6 years) with first-time STEMI treated with reperfusion therapy were enrolled. At 24 h after admission, standard 2D echocardiography and 3D full-volume imaging were performed, and 2D-STE and 3D-STE were calculated. Patients were followed up for a median of 119 months (interquartile range: 96–129 months). The primary endpoint was occurrence of a major adverse cardiac event (MACE: cardiac death, heart failure with hospitalization), and 64 patients experienced MACEs. Receiver operating characteristic curves and Cox hazard multivariate analysis showed that the 3D-STE indices were stronger predictors of MACE compared with those of 2D-STE. Additionally, 3D-global longitudinal strain (GLS) was the strongest predictor for MACE followed by 3D-global circumferential strain (GCS). The Kaplan-Meier curve demonstrated that 3D-GLS >−11.0 was an independent predictor for MACE (log-rank χ2=132.2, P<0.0001). When combined with 3D-GCS >−18.3, patients with higher values of 3D-GLS and 3D-GCS were found to be at extremely high risk for MACE.Conclusions:Global strain measured by 3D-STE immediately after the onset of STEMI is a clinically significant predictor of 10-year prognosis.
著者
Noriaki Iwahashi Mutsuo Horii Jin Kirigaya Takeru Abe Masaomi Gohbara Noriko Toya Yohei Hanajima Hironori Takahashi Yugo Minamimoto Yuichiro Kimura Kozo Okada Yasushi Matsuzawa Kiyoshi Hibi Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.4, pp.611-619, 2022-03-25 (Released:2022-03-25)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
2

Background:Two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) after ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) can predict the prognosis. This study investigated the clinical significance of a serial 3D-STE can predict the prognosis after onset of STEMI.Methods and Results:This study enrolled 272 patients (mean age, 65 years) with first-time STEMI treated with reperfusion therapy. At 24 h after admission, standard 2D echocardiography and 3D full-volume imaging were performed, and 2D-STE and 3D-STE were calculated. Within 1 year, 19 patients who experienced major adverse cardiac events (MACE; cardiac death, heart failure requiring hospitalization) were excluded. Among the 253 patients, 248 were examined with follow-up echocardiography. The patients were followed up for a median of 108 months (interquartile range: 96–129 months). The primary endpoint was the occurrence of a MACE; 45 patients experienced MACEs. Receiver operating characteristic curves and Cox hazard multivariate analysis showed that the 2D-global longitudinal strain (GLS) and 3D-GLS at 1-year indices were significant predictors of MACE. The Kaplan-Meier curve demonstrated that a 3D-GLS of >−13.1 was an independent predictor for MACE (log-rank χ2=165.5, P<0.0001). The deterioration of 3D-GLS at 1 year was a significant prognosticator (log-rank χ2=36.7, P<0.0001).Conclusions:The deterioration of 3D-GLS measured by STE at 1 year after the onset of STEMI is the strongest predictor of long-term prognosis.
著者
Jin Kirigaya Noriaki Iwahashi Hironori Tahakashi Yugo Minamimoto Masaomi Gohbara Takeru Abe Eiichi Akiyama Kozo Okada Yasushi Matsuzawa Nobuhiko Maejima Kiyoshi Hibi Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.51409, (Released:2019-10-18)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
26

Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of arterial stiffness assessed using Cardio-ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) on long-term outcome after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: A total of 387 consecutive patients (324 males; age, 64±11 years) with ACS were enrolled. We examined CAVI and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba PWV) as the parameters of arterial stiffness. The patients were divided into two groups according to the cut-off value of CAVI determined using the receiver operating characteristic curve for the prediction of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE): low-CAVI group, 177 patients with CAVI <8.35; high-CAVI group, 210 patients with CAVI ≥ 8.35. The primary endpoint was the incidence of MACE (cardiovascular death, recurrence of ACS, heart failure requiring hospitalization, or stroke). Results: A total of 62 patients had MACE. Kaplan–Meier analysis demonstrated a significantly higher probability of MACE in the high-CAVI group than in the low-CAVI group (median follow-up: 62 months; log-rank, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis suggested that CAVI was an independent predictor of MACE (hazard ratio [HR], 1.496; p=0.02) and cardiovascular death (HR, 2.204; p=0.025), but ba PWV was not. We investigated the incremental predictive value of adding CAVI to the GRACE score (GRS), a validated scoring system for risk assessment in ACS. Stratified by CAVI and GRS, a significantly higher rate of MACE was seen in patients with both higher CAVI and higher GRS than the other groups (p<0.001). Furthermore, the addition of CAVI to GRS enhanced net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) (NRI, 0.337, p=0.034; and IDI, 0.028, p=0.004). Conclusion: CAVI was an independent long-term predictor of MACE, especially cardiovascular death, adding incremental clinical significance for risk stratification in patients with ACS.
著者
Masaomi Gohbara Kunihiro Nishimura Michikazu Nakai Yoko Sumita Tsutomu Endo Yasushi Matsuzawa Masaaki Konishi Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.20-28, 2019-01-10 (Released:2019-01-10)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
6

Background: The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical impact of activities of daily living (ADL) using the Japanese Registry of All Cardiac and Vascular Diseases-Diagnosis Procedure Combination (JROAD-DPC) database. Methods and Results: From April 2012 to March 2014, the JROAD-DPC database included 206,643 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS; n=49,784), heart failure (HF; n=136,878), or aortic aneurysm/dissection (Aorta; n=19,981). We divided them into 3 categories with regard to age (low, 20–59 years; middle, 60–79 years; high, ≥80 years) and admission ADL (low, Barthel index [BI] 0–70; middle, BI 75–95; high, BI 100). ACS, HF, and Aorta patients with low ADL had higher in-hospital mortality rates (18.3%, 16.7%, and 33.4%) than those with middle or high ADL (P<0.001, χ2 test). On multivariable analysis, BI on admission was associated with in-hospital mortality of ACS (OR, 0.986 per 1 BI; P<0.001), HF (OR, 0.986 per 1 BI; P<0.001), and Aorta (OR, 0.986 per 1 BI; P<0.001), adjusted for gender, age, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and the Charlson comorbidity index. Moreover, patients with low age and low ADL had a higher in-hospital mortality rate than those with high age and high ADL in regard to HF (8.6% vs. 6.0%). Conclusions: According to JROAD-DPC data, assessment of admission ADL is important in patients with cardiovascular disease.
著者
Yasushi Matsuzawa Seigo Sugiyama Koichi Sugamura Hitoshi Sumida Hirofumi Kurokawa Koichiro Fujisue Masaaki Konishi Eiichi Akiyama Hiroyuki Suzuki Naoki Nakayama Megumi Yamamuro Satomi Iwashita Hideaki Jinnouchi Kazuo Kimura Satoshi Umemura Hisao Ogawa
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-13-0549, (Released:2013-08-28)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
15 33

Background: Simple office-based counseling for diet and exercise does not appear to positively affect success rates in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients. The utility of the lifestyle modification self-assessment score (Self-AS) in the improvement of endothelial function by office-based counseling for patients with MetS was investigated. Methods and Results: Patients with MetS (n=207) and age- and sex-matched individuals without MetS (n=124) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Endothelial function was assessed using reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry index (RHI). Patients with MetS had significant endothelial dysfunction compared with those without MetS (RHI, 0.502±0.178 vs. 0.614±0.229; P<0.001). Seventy MetS patients participating in the prospective interventional study received simple office-based lifestyle modification counseling that was accompanied by Self-AS questionnaire after 10 months. RHI was significantly improved following lifestyle modifications (from 0.452±0.136 to 0.547±0.202, P<0.001). Reductions in waist circumference (R2=0.094, P=0.01) and increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (R2=0.227, P<0.001) independently correlated with improved RHI. Self-AS significantly correlated with changes in waist circumference (r=−0.57, P<0.001) and RHI (r=0.30, P=0.02). Patients with a good achievement of lifestyle modifications (higher Self-AS) had significant improvement in endothelial function compared with those with lower scores (% change in RHI, +48.7±61.6 vs. +7.8±35.1, P=0.001). Conclusions: Good achievement of lifestyle modifications as evaluated on Self-AS significantly improved endothelial function with concomitant reductions in waist circumferences in MetS patients.