著者
Eizo NAKAMURA Katsura KOBAYASHI Ryoji TANAKA Tak KUNIHIRO Hiroshi KITAGAWA Christian POTISZIL Tsutomu OTA Chie SAKAGUCHI Masahiro YAMANAKA Dilan M. RATNAYAKE Havishk TRIPATHI Rahul KUMAR Maya-Liliana AVRAMESCU Hidehisa TSUCHIDA Yusuke YACHI Hitoshi MIURA Masanao ABE Ryota FUKAI Shizuho FURUYA Kentaro HATAKEDA Tasuku HAYASHI Yuya HITOMI Kazuya KUMAGAI Akiko MIYAZAKI Aiko NAKATO Masahiro NISHIMURA Tatsuaki OKADA Hiromichi SOEJIMA Seiji SUGITA Ayako SUZUKI Tomohiro USUI Toru YADA Daiki YAMAMOTO Kasumi YOGATA Miwa YOSHITAKE Masahiko ARAKAWA Atsushi FUJII Masahiko HAYAKAWA Naoyuki HIRATA Naru HIRATA Rie HONDA Chikatoshi HONDA Satoshi HOSODA Yu-ichi IIJIMA Hitoshi IKEDA Masateru ISHIGURO Yoshiaki ISHIHARA Takahiro IWATA Kosuke KAWAHARA Shota KIKUCHI Kohei KITAZATO Koji MATSUMOTO Moe MATSUOKA Tatsuhiro MICHIKAMI Yuya MIMASU Akira MIURA Tomokatsu MOROTA Satoru NAKAZAWA Noriyuki NAMIKI Hirotomo NODA Rina NOGUCHI Naoko OGAWA Kazunori OGAWA Chisato OKAMOTO Go ONO Masanobu OZAKI Takanao SAIKI Naoya SAKATANI Hirotaka SAWADA Hiroki SENSHU Yuri SHIMAKI Kei SHIRAI Yuto TAKEI Hiroshi TAKEUCHI Satoshi TANAKA Eri TATSUMI Fuyuto TERUI Ryudo TSUKIZAKI Koji WADA Manabu YAMADA Tetsuya YAMADA Yukio YAMAMOTO Hajime YANO Yasuhiro YOKOTA Keisuke YOSHIHARA Makoto YOSHIKAWA Kent YOSHIKAWA Masaki FUJIMOTO Sei-ichiro WATANABE Yuichi TSUDA
出版者
The Japan Academy
雑誌
Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B (ISSN:03862208)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.98, no.6, pp.227-282, 2022-06-10 (Released:2022-06-10)
参考文献数
245
被引用文献数
1

Presented here are the observations and interpretations from a comprehensive analysis of 16 representative particles returned from the C-type asteroid Ryugu by the Hayabusa2 mission. On average Ryugu particles consist of 50% phyllosilicate matrix, 41% porosity and 9% minor phases, including organic matter. The abundances of 70 elements from the particles are in close agreement with those of CI chondrites. Bulk Ryugu particles show higher δ18O, Δ17O, and ε54Cr values than CI chondrites. As such, Ryugu sampled the most primitive and least-thermally processed protosolar nebula reservoirs. Such a finding is consistent with multi-scale H-C-N isotopic compositions that are compatible with an origin for Ryugu organic matter within both the protosolar nebula and the interstellar medium. The analytical data obtained here, suggests that complex soluble organic matter formed during aqueous alteration on the Ryugu progenitor planetesimal (several 10’s of km), <2.6 Myr after CAI formation. Subsequently, the Ryugu progenitor planetesimal was fragmented and evolved into the current asteroid Ryugu through sublimation.
著者
Kazunori Okamura Shusaku Kanai Sadaaki Oki Satoshi Tanaka Naohisa Hirata Yoshiaki Sakamura Norikatsu Idemoto Hiroki Wada Akira Otsuka
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.6, pp.1001-1005, 2017 (Released:2017-06-07)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
4

[Purpose] There are no reliable evidences that the weakening of intrinsic foot muscles causes the decrease of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) height. The purpose of this study was to confirm whether the fatigue of intrinsic foot muscles decrease the MLA height during standing and gait using 3D motion analysis system. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy male subjects participated in this study. Foot kinematics was measured using an Oxford Foot Model before and after fatigue-inducing exercises of the abductor hallucis and flexor hallucis brevis muscles. [Results] Following fatigue-inducing exercise, in both standing and gait, the MLA height did not decrease but slightly increased. In addition, the reduction of a rear foot eversion angle was noted. [Conclusion] Fatigue of the abductor hallucis and flexor hallucis brevis muscles did not cause a change associated with collapsing of the MLA during both standing and gait. This suggested that the MLA support force from these muscles would be compensated by other MLA support structures, such as extrinsic foot muscles.
著者
Satoshi TANAKA Ryosuke TOMIO Norihiko AKAO Tsunemasa SHIMIZU Toshio ISHIKAWA Takeshi FUJIMOTO Terumasa NISHIMATSU
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.177-181, 2022-12-31 (Released:2022-06-21)
参考文献数
19

Gelatin-based hemostatic agents are widely used in neurosurgery. This is a case of postoperative aphagia strongly suspected to be caused by an allergic reaction to a gelatin-based hemostatic agent after anterior cervical decompression and fusion for central cervical cord injury. A 55-year-old man underwent cervical anterior decompression and fusion at the C3/4 and 4/5 levels for central cervical cord injury. Immediately after the surgery, he could not swallow saliva at all, but his voice was not hoarse. Postoperative cervical computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed significant edema from the post-hypopharynx wall to the front of the vertebral body. The retropharyngeal space was remarkably enlarged to 15.8 mm with cervical spine X-rays. Without neurological symptom improvement, his condition was diagnosed as marked edema of the area where Surgiflo (porcine-derived gelatin-based hemostatic agent; Johnson & Johnson Wound Management, Somerville, NJ, USA) had been applied during the operation. It was strongly suspected to be caused by an allergic response to the porcine-derived gelatin. When methylprednisolone 1000 mg was administered for 3 days from the 5th postoperative day, swallowing became almost normal within a few hours after the initial administration, and his neurological symptoms improved. The patient left the hospital on the 12th day after the operation. Before using porcine-derived gelatin products during surgery, special consideration should be given to patients with an allergy history before surgery.
著者
Shuai SUN Shota YANO Momo O NAKANISHI Michiko HIROSE Kazuhiko NAKABAYASHI Kenichiro HATA Atsuo OGURA Satoshi TANAKA
出版者
The Society for Reproduction and Development
雑誌
Journal of Reproduction and Development (ISSN:09168818)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2020-119, (Released:2021-03-20)

Mouse trophoblast stem cells (TSCs) can differentiate into trophoblast cells, which constitute the placenta. Under conventional culture conditions, in a medium supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS), fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4), and heparin and in the presence of mouse embryonic fibroblast cells (MEFs) as feeder cells, TSCs maintain their undifferentiated, proliferative status. MEFs can be replaced by a 70% MEF-conditioned medium (MEF-CM) or by TGF-ß/activin A. To find out if KnockOutTM Serum Replacement (KSR) can replace FBS for TSC maintenance, we cultured mouse TSCs in KSR-based, FBS-free medium and investigated their proliferation capacity, stemness, and differentiation potential. The results indicated that fibronectin, vitronectin, or laminin coating was necessary for adhesion of TSCs under KSR-based conditions but not for their survival or proliferation. While the presence of FGF4, heparin, and activin A was not sufficient to support the proliferation of TSCs, the addition of a pan-retinoic acid receptor inverse agonist and a ROCK-inhibitor yielded a proliferation rate comparable to that obtained under the conventional FBS-based conditions. TSCs cultured under the KSR-based conditions had a gene expression and DNA methylation profile characteristic of TSCs and exhibited a differentiation potential. Moreover, under KSR-based conditions, we could obtain a suspension culture of TSCs using extracellular matrix (ECM) coating-free dishes. Thus, we have established here, KSR-based culture conditions for the maintenance of TSCs, which should be useful for future studies.
著者
Satoshi Tanaka Atsushi Ichikawa
出版者
The Japanese Pharmacological Society
雑誌
Journal of Pharmacological Sciences (ISSN:13478613)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.101, no.1, pp.19-23, 2006 (Released:2006-05-23)
参考文献数
47
被引用文献数
17 29

Accumulating evidence has highlighted the importance of histamine in immune responses. The H1 receptor is involved not only in allergic inflammatory reactions but also in augmentation of helper T cell (Th)1 responses, whereas H2 receptor suppresses Th responses and participates in immune tolerance through interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor-β. Identification of the H4 receptor, which binds to histamine with high affinity and of which expression is limited to the hematopoietic system, has enhanced the importance of histamine in immune responses. However, since a majority of previous studies has evaluated the effects of exogenous histamine, it remains largely unknown how endogenously produced histamine is involved in regulation of such kinds of immune responses. Insight into precise roles of histamine in the immune system can not be obtained without correct understanding of both the predominance of a certain type of histamine receptor and the regulation of histamine synthesis. Here we review a part of the recent progress in histamine research in the field of immunology with attention to the source of involved histamine.
著者
Wang Sheng Ken Ishikawa Hiromi T. Tanaka Akihiro Tsukamoto Satoshi Tanaka
出版者
一般社団法人 日本シミュレーション学会
雑誌
日本シミュレーション学会英文誌 (ISSN:21885303)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.188-204, 2015 (Released:2015-02-17)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
6

Virtual reality (VR) technology can be used to simulate environments of historical sites in virtual spaces. In fact, many VR reproductions of historical sites have already been studied and developed. For users, the quality of the visual experience largely determines the authenticity of a VR space. However, when developing a VR space, it is difficult and time-consuming to significantly improve visual quality while maintaining real-time rendering speed, which is the primary requirement of an effective user interface. For this reason, there have been few genuinely photorealistic VR spaces created for historical sites. However, this has begun to change due to the arrival of next-generation three-dimensional (3D) game engines. In this paper, we report on our recent development of photorealistic VR spaces for historical Kyoto sites created using the UDK 3D Game Engine. Specifically, we describe our VR reproduction of Reizei-ke, which consists of the Japanese court noble residence (kuge-yashiki), and Funehoko-cho, which is an important site for Japan's Gion Festival. Through the fabrication of these VR spaces, we could also extract a workflow that allows us to realize photorealistic and read-time VR contents of other cultural assets based on the abovementioned next-generation 3D game engine.