- 北海道地理 (ISSN:02852071)
- vol.2006, no.81, pp.1-18, 2006-07-31 (Released:2012-08-27)
This study clarified the education effect by utilizing GIS and virtual reality (VR) tools in geographical education. For this purpose, this research created the two type materials for geographical education, 'operation-type materials' and 'appreciation-type materials', and compared those effects. These teaching materials were made using 3D data, GIS, and VR technology, and the materials had the functions of perpendicular viewpoint movement, horizontal viewpoint movement, angle change, and map element change. The operation-type materials and the appreciation-type materials were used in the lecture of a university and a high school and this study argued the difference of the education effects between the two materials. As a result, the operation-type materials were suitable to make a student discover something and raise interest, and the appreciation-type materials were suitable to transmit knowledge to a student efficiently for a short time. If the operation-type and appreciation-type teaching materials are used together, we can increase the search volition of geographical knowledge from a student besides. The accumulation of geographical knowledge heightens the spatial reasoning capacity of student each. Furthermore, the improvement in spatial reasoning capacity enlarges the search volition. The 3D teaching materials created by GIS and VR have high effects in the geographical education in order to make the above circulation during session of a school.