- 相関社会科学 (ISSN:09159312)
- vol.22, pp.3-21, 2013-03-01
Recent studies on “publicity” stress that multiple ideas and values must be integrated into public spheres from the view of normative political theory. In discussing publicity, this article focuses on repertoires in social movements, that is, modes of expressing their ideas and values. Although social movements have been regarded as political actors who works for democracy, few social movement scholars have discussed the roles of their repertoires in opening public spheres to voices of marginalised people. This article thus argues about the relationship between diversified repertoires and publicity. I, first of all, explore how “institutionalisation” of social movements, a conventional repertoire, leads to incorporate multiple ideas and values into public spheres. While institutionalisation helps social movement organisations to increase their influence on decision makings of powerful political actors, such as corporations and governments, it also enhances accountability within the organisations and democratises the organisational structure of the movements. Next, I move to arguing about the roles of “protests”, a confrontational repertoire, in diversifying publicity. This repertoire contributes to making values and ideas which are difficult to be institutionalised visible in public spheres. In discussing two different repertoires, I emphasise that these repertoires do not always lead to diversifying public spheres. While voices of marginalised people can be ignored and excluded in institutionalisation of social movements, protests have a risk in being viewed as violent actions and isolating activists from the public. This article concludes that different repertoires operate effectively in diversifying publicity when they are mutually complemented.