- 活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
- vol.52, pp.83-100, 2009-03-31
A questionnaire survey concerning lifestyle and mind/body symptoms was administered to 7000 5th grade elementary students, and 7000 2nd grade Jr. High school students of Nagasaki prefecture in July, 2007. 10% of elementary and Jr. High school students were not eating breakfast every day. One in three children who were eating breakfast only ate rice, bread and a drink. Rice was about 50% of breakfast, and bread 40%. The most reported reason for not eating breakfast was "no appetite." Next highest was "no time for eating." 8% of elementary students and 12% of Jr. High school students said the reason was because breakfast wasn't prepared for them. More than half of all students ate between meals 4 - 5 times a week. Many, in the following order of choice: chocolate, candy, and chewing gum. Less than half ate fish once or twice a week. Nearly half ate midnight snacks. Many, in the following order of choice: ice cream, snack food (e.g. potato chips), fruits, jellies, puddings and yogurts. 60% of elementary students and 80% of Jr. High school students reported that their body sometimes felt "heavy." 75% of elementary students and about 90% of Jr. High school students sometimes felt tired. 50% of elementary students sometimes felt headaches. 50% of elementary students, and 68% of the Jr. High school students sometimes felt insufficient energy to complete tasks. 50% of elementary children and 60% of Jr. High school students sometimes felt "irritated" and unable to think or concentrate. 40% or more of all students sometimes felt easily angered or frustrated. Reports of "lack of sleep," "less than 30 minutes to get to school after waking up," "don't eat breakfast," "only eat staple food for breakfast," "eating bettween meals every day,""don't eat vegetables every day," "don't eat fish," and "eat midnight snacks" all influenced symptoms such as "feel tired," and "not enough energy to complete tasks," and "easily angered or frustrated."