著者
石川 由香里 土田 陽子 中澤 智惠
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, pp.19-35, 2016-03-31

This study aims to analyse factors which accelerate or decelerate sexual activities among teenagers of highschool age in Japan and discuss what is important in planning sexuality education in schools. Since the 1990s,sexual behaviours among youth have changed considerably in Japan.First, an overview of the previous and current situation of school-based sexuality education in Japan isprovided. We discuss how Japan has been reluctant to promote sexuality education and has not taken accountof perspectives in gender, sexual health, and rights.Second, the nationwide data gathered in Japan every six years from 1993 to 2011 by multivariate statisticaltechniques is analysed. The results show that the home environment, sexual images, and gender norms havean impact on sexual behaviours. The gendered division of labor is a norm that has a greater effect on recentteenagers' rate of having sexual intercourse than it did on those from the previous decade. The norm that menshould take the initiatives in intimate relationships has a strong impact on girls.Thus, we conclude that it is essential to approach comprehensive sexuality education from a genderperspective by involving family, community, experts, and practitioners in conducting peer-group sessions.
著者
楠本 欣司
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, pp.7-15, 2014-03-31

Balance ability decreases with age, which can lead to falls and fractures. As a worst case scenario, increase risk of fractures to the elderly may require primary nursing care. I developed a new body balance measurement system that is three-dimensional using Microsoft Kinect, which is a controller for video games such as Xbox 360. Kinect is a physical device that consists of a RBG camera, an infrared depth camera, and a microphone array. One of the Kinect's remarkable technologies is the tracking of the skeleton without the use of reflective makers. In this study, I examined the reliability of the system. Twenty healthy females (age=21.0±0.8years, height=158.3±3.6cm, mass=53.1±4.9kg, BMI=21.2±2.0) with no visual, vestibular, or neurological impairments volunteered to participate in the study. The results indicated the system had poor reliability in anterior/posterior and medial/lateral directions (ICC=0.35, 0.48); however, it had excellent reliability in superior/inferior direction (ICC=0.94). Although the new balance measurement system showed poor reliability, I think that I can improve the systems program and review the method of measurement. I believe that Kinect will become a more cost effective and easy to use tool for balance ability testing. I hope to see the Kinect system used in physical therapy and sports medicine facilities in the future.
著者
政次 カレン
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, pp.99-113, 2016-03-31

Since 2011, 3rd year students studying Early Childhood English Education at Kwassui Women'sUniversity have been carrying out a Halloween party at Fukahori elementary school inNagasaki city. Part of a wider longitudinal study, this is a preliminary report on the impact ofthe 2015 party on the 3rd and 4th graders who participated both in 2014 and 2015. The resultsshow that this kind of play-based event may have positive effects on the children's attitude toEnglish.
著者
湯田 拓史
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, pp.85-97, 2016-03-31

In this paper, to analyze the administrative control of municipal government in public high school entranceexamination. In Hyogo prefecture, it has been carried out numerous attempts for high school entranceexamination. However, it did not analyze all municipal government of effort. Therefore it was investigated inthis paper. This achievement is that it revealed the "Himeji method", which is operated in Himeji.Features of "Himeji method" is, examinees can select the school of choice, if there is a public high schoolof capacity shortage in the neighborhood after the pass, it was to be changed to the school. "Himeji method"were discontinued in a short period of time because they do not choose a school of choice. And, Himeji Citywas changed to policy to depend on the capacity of the private school.To focus on measures of municipal government is effective in helping to understand the region-specificeducation issues in public high school entrance examination. In addition, the paper pointed out the importanceof analyzing the experience that the municipal government has accumulated.
著者
松岡 麻男 古場 一哲
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, pp.97-106, 2008-03

小さく角切りしたテンペのフライおよびスライスしたジャガイモ・サツマイモのスのフライ(チップスの製造)によるAA生成とその制御について検討を行った。1.テンペは,170℃,5分のフライでAAを生成し,製品により異なるが,そのレベルは10〜347ng/gであった。この平均値は105ng/gで,市販ポテトチップスに含まれるAAレベルの約1/15であった。2.テンペのフライによるAA生成量は,テンペに含まれるアスパラギンと還元糖の量に依存した。3.テンペのAA生成量はフライ時間の経過に伴って増加し,フライ時間5分に定めて温度を変えて検討したところ,150℃では微量であり,170℃で最も多く,190℃では減少した。4.180℃-2分のフライによってつくったポテトチップスのAAレベルは,4600〜10500ng/gであった。そのAAレベルの平均値(7500ng/g)は,市販品の約5倍であった。5.ポテトチップスの原料ジャガイモは,すべて高濃度(約10μmol/g)のアスパラギンを含んでいた。それは,テンペの3〜5倍で,サツマイモの25倍であった。ポテトチップのAAレベルが高いのは,ジャガイモが高濃度にアスパラギンを含むことに起因すると考えられる。6.原料のジャガイモの種類や産地でポテトチップスのAA濃度が異なった。これは,ジャガイモに含まれる還元糖量と関係があることが示唆された。7.油温度を低くしてポテトチップスをつくると,AAレベルがより低くなることが実証された。8.サラダ油よりもキャノーラ油を使用した場合,AAレベルのより低いポテトチップスができた。9.低温-短時間(150℃-1.5分)のフライ条件でサツマイモチップスをつくったにもかかわらず,そのAAレベルは368ng/gを示した。これは,サツマイモはアスパラギン含有量が少ない(0.4μmol/g)けれども,還元糖が非常に多い(82.2μmol/g)ことによると考えた。
著者
福田 理香 松浦 亜紀子
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, pp.21-32, 2015-03-31

The purpose of this study is to make a sitting exercise program, which is based on the basic movements of human in a standing position.The points of making this exercise program are as follows : 1. Safety comes f irst, and the exercise intensity is lower than 3 Mets 2. Adopting movements of the three-dimensional diagonal spiral, which is the basic movement pattern in standing position. 3. Relating the sitting exercise program to the improvement of walking movement in the future. The first half is the dynamic stretch named "e-dynamic ROM", which is designed to improve range of movement. The next part, the second half is an aerobic exercise named "e-bics" consists of a dynamic and diagonal spiral movements. This sitting exercise program was named "e-exercise".
著者
田渕 久美子
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, pp.91-102, 2007-03-31

This paper criticizes the concept of acquired a priori by Hisatake Kato. The concept of acquired a priori is to build the foundation of character formation by congenital condition and imprinting. Kato describes the importance of a parent-child relation during childhood to prevent of juvenile crimes. Because he thinks the morality of humans is built by imprinting. However, recent imprinting studies have shown the concept of acquired a priori to be unrealistic. In addition, the educational philosophy of Kato is based on paternalism. Paternalistic education prioritizes a child's protection over a child's will. If we want to educate rational character of children, we have to give a right to self-determination. For this, we need to develop the requited knowledge and appropriate attitude.
著者
湯田 拓史
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, pp.51-61, 2014-03-31

The Public Documents and Records Management Act is enforced in 2011. By this law, in the public institution, preservation and the management of the official documents are carried out. However, as for the fact, the documents are discarded in the educational institution. This is because the management of the documents is effort duty. The second reason is for the character of the school documents, which educational practice cannot apply the logic of the administration to. It is necessary to make a purpose of preservation, the management of the school documents clear by sense of values based on school management. Therefore, in this article, I insisted on two next purposes. The first is construction of the relations for the making of school. The second is for the internal quality guarantee of the organization. These purposes characteristics are that the objective of the user is clear. But a problem is the range for the preservation. This article is pointed out that developing the idea of the official documents administration by utilizing the documents by education management.
著者
吉井 学 井上 裕貴 佐田 愛実
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, pp.41-50, 2015-03-31

A questionnaire survey of female college students about their state of health revealed high rates of those with complaints such as easy fatiguability, increased sensitivity to cold, and orthostatic dizziness. Detailed analysis of the results of general blood tests performed in April 2014 showed that the subjects were generally prone to anemia. Students suspected to have anemia based on the results of a red cell morphology study were put on a high-mineral, low-carbohydrate diet, and changes in parameters closely related to anemia were evaluated.
著者
齋藤 充子 齋藤 佳奈 中村 朋子 伊藤 敦子
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, pp.51-65, 2016-03-31

Japan's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology expressed its view in September1992 that school non-attendance can occur in the case of any child and that problems in school life often leadto non-attendance. Understanding this, teachers have since worked to deepen their relationships with students,but school non-attendance has not decreased.The author explored causes of school non-attendance, focusing on school, home and personal factors.Through factor analysis, the conclusion was reached that reduction of school non-attendance largely dependson the competence of teachers who directly interact with children.The author conducted a survey in Taiwan, where the environment surrounding children is similar to that inJapan, to investigate teachers' efforts and awareness toward school non-attendance. The survey revealedfollowing differences in teachers' responses between Japan and Taiwan: In Taiwan (1) many teachers do notconsider that school non-attendance can occur in the case of any child, (2) teachers are not sufficiently awareof non-attending students in their schools (outside their own classes), (3) the school's response as anorganization is not sufficient. Teachers who responded that their schools have non-attending students citedhome visits, consultation with managerial teachers, expert intervention and teacher training as necessarysupport.
著者
永田 耕司
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, pp.13-34, 2011-03-31

There is a remark voluntarily said for the nutritional therapy and treatment from the employee when the health is guided as an industrial physician. For instance, the person who has high blood pressure says,"It is necessary to cut back on salt", the person of obesity says,"it is the overeating. it is necessary to refrain from fat.", the person with hyperlipidemia says,"it refrains from fat, and botanical fat is better than animal fat". The person with a high blood sugar says,"it is necessary to do the meal limitation. It is necessary to refrain from the calorie. The person with osteoporosis says,"You should take a lot of milks". These are thought as common sense. In addition, if a high blood sugar doesn't fall even if the nutritional therapy is done, it is said,"It is necessary to go to the hospital, and to get the medicine". This time, it is in the examination whether common sense concerning such a nutritional therapy and the lifestyle disease treatment has established as a really clear evidence or the common sense is correct. Conclusion 1) It turned out that the effect of lowering was the blood pressure larger for slimness, and taking a lot of included DASH food such as potassium and to reduce salinity. 2) It has been understood that taking the high-carbohydrate diet from foods with low-calorie content and the high fat chow causes obesity. Moreover, it was thought that it was an obesity factor to eat fast, and to eat supper late. 3) It was clarified that the trans fatty acid improved the risk of the heart disease. 4) At total cholesterol count 240-259mg/dL(160-180 in case of LDL-cholesterol mg/dL), a total mortality rate was the lowest, and it was clarified that you should refrain from the active intervention of the drug therapy. 5) The diabetic is a cause due to mineral shortages such as chrome and manganese. As for the cause of severe complication of the diabetic, not the one that caused in hyperglycemia but the possibility of causing in the execution of the drug therapy of the diabetic was suggested. 6) It was clarified that the cause of osteoporosis and the fracture was too intakes of milk and meat.
著者
永田 耕司 太田 美代 西川 智子
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, pp.83-100, 2009-03-31

A questionnaire survey concerning lifestyle and mind/body symptoms was administered to 7000 5th grade elementary students, and 7000 2nd grade Jr. High school students of Nagasaki prefecture in July, 2007. 10% of elementary and Jr. High school students were not eating breakfast every day. One in three children who were eating breakfast only ate rice, bread and a drink. Rice was about 50% of breakfast, and bread 40%. The most reported reason for not eating breakfast was "no appetite." Next highest was "no time for eating." 8% of elementary students and 12% of Jr. High school students said the reason was because breakfast wasn't prepared for them. More than half of all students ate between meals 4 - 5 times a week. Many, in the following order of choice: chocolate, candy, and chewing gum. Less than half ate fish once or twice a week. Nearly half ate midnight snacks. Many, in the following order of choice: ice cream, snack food (e.g. potato chips), fruits, jellies, puddings and yogurts. 60% of elementary students and 80% of Jr. High school students reported that their body sometimes felt "heavy." 75% of elementary students and about 90% of Jr. High school students sometimes felt tired. 50% of elementary students sometimes felt headaches. 50% of elementary students, and 68% of the Jr. High school students sometimes felt insufficient energy to complete tasks. 50% of elementary children and 60% of Jr. High school students sometimes felt "irritated" and unable to think or concentrate. 40% or more of all students sometimes felt easily angered or frustrated. Reports of "lack of sleep," "less than 30 minutes to get to school after waking up," "don't eat breakfast," "only eat staple food for breakfast," "eating bettween meals every day,""don't eat vegetables every day," "don't eat fish," and "eat midnight snacks" all influenced symptoms such as "feel tired," and "not enough energy to complete tasks," and "easily angered or frustrated."
著者
寺田 貴子
出版者
活水女子大学
雑誌
活水論文集. 健康生活学部編 (ISSN:18807720)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, pp.35-42, 2011-03-31

Shellfish purple, also known as Tyrian purple or Royal purple, obtained from hypobranchial gland of the Muricidae familly of mollusks, has been used for texile dyeing. Ocenebra inornata(Recluz, 1851), Ouu-youraku-gai in Japanse, belong to the Muricidae family, feed mainly on bivalve mollusks, and causing significant damage to oyster aquaculture worldwide. Under the purpose of this research to clarify the dyeing properties of shellfish purple obtained from O. inornata collected in Hokkaido Japan, the color tests on JIS multifiber test fabrics, colorfastness tests, and HPLC analysis were performed. As the results of experiments, these were found that direct dyeing method gave reddish purple hue on all eight kinds of fibers with excellent washing and sunlight fastness, chemical vat dyeing method gave wide range of hue from reddish purple to purple on a variety of fibers with practical color fastness, and 6.6'-dibromoindigo was detected as the main component of the pigment. Dyeing properties of shellfish purple obtained from O. inornata are similar to that of common Japanese shellfish purple snail Akanishi, Rapana venosa(Valenciennes, 1846). It would be useful to use O. inornata as the source of purple dye.