- ジェンダ-研究 (ISSN:13450638)
- no.11, pp.91-105, 2008-03
In this paper, I show importance of interpreting legalization of same-sex partnerships as a process of "the politics of recognition" for gay and lesbian, through featuring on the argument about legalization of partnerships in U.S.A. In the first section, I survey evolution of lawsuits to demand the right to marry for same-sex couples, from that in 70's to Goodridge decision of the Massachusetts Supreme Court in 2003. From Beahr decision of the Hawaii Supreme Court in 1993 to Goodridge decision, judgments to recognize the right to marry for same-sex couples continued. Then followed those decisions, the problem of same-sex marriage was focused as a political problem and the backlash by conservative groups broke out. I explore such phenomenon by introducing the perspective of "the politics of recognition", propounded by C. Taylor. Then I urge importance of consideration to the essential of the politics of recognition: that is not only an achievement of equal rights but a demand for transformation of majority itself. Therefore, it is a process achieving equality accompanied with social understanding and transformati\on not raising a single acquisition aim to call "marriage".