著者
貞包 英之
出版者
山形大学
雑誌
山形大学紀要. 社会科学 = Bulletin of Yamagata University. Social Science
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, no.2, pp.93-110, 2013-02-15

In this paper, we elucidate how suicide related to life insurance has played a crucial role in the social life of Japan since World War II. In particular, since Japan’s period of high economic growth, it has been observed that suicides by middle-aged men, who tend to have higher life insurance subscription rates than other people, have drastically increased and that economic problems have occupied a more important role as the cause of such suicides. This transformation has a significant connection with the rapid spread of life insurance, which has been caused by the growth of the finance systems of small- and medium-sized enterprises, as well as the development of the nuclear family during the postwar period. Life insurance has supplied a large amount of capital for these enterprises and has enabled families to survive after a loved one’s death. As a result, suicide in connection with life insurance has been deeply imbedded in contemporary Japanese life. This reason for suicide has been utilized as a major means of donation to others and a symbolic challenge to the wealthy. Although it is estimated that suicide in connection with life insurance is now decreasing due to the transformation of economic conditions since 2000 and the changes in life insurance agreements, this sociological significance of suicide has not been lost.
著者
綾部 誠 楊 帆
出版者
山形大学
雑誌
山形大学紀要. 社会科学 = Bulletin of Yamagata University. Social Science
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.1, pp.27-43, 2013-07-31

“Career Development Program for Foreign Students in Japan” pertained to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology and Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has been carried out by the MOT project in Graduate School of Science and Engineering in Yamagata University from October,2008 to September, 2011. This program is devoted to the Japan society education including skill education and Japanese language education for foreign students in order to enable them to find a job in Japanese corporation after the end of graduate school. A remarkable performance and achievement has been realized in this program in Yamagata University, and well learned around the country. Herein, the features of this program for foreign students via Industrial ‐ Academic ‐ Government cooperation will be elaborated, in conjunction with the review of the work of last few years. This research aims to show the achievements of foreign student education based on the local specialty of Yamagata area, and the remarkable influence on the globalization of local corporations by means of Industrial ‐ Academic ‐ Government cooperation in this program.