著者
Sebnem Bicakci Fahrettin Over Kezban Aslan Nafiz Bozdemir Esra Saatci Yakup Sarica
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.213, no.3, pp.277-282, 2007 (Released:2007-11-05)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
3 3

Headache is one of the most common neurological complaints of the young population and it affects the quality of life due to limitation of daily activities. In this study, our main goal was to appraise the general headache characteristics in senior medical students just before graduation and to determine the impact of headache on the quality of life, as well as the general attitude of students about their headaches. The study group consisted of 141 senior students. As the first step, the question about “having headache within the past one year period” was asked. Of the 141 students, 127 students answering “yes” were invited to a face-to-face interview. Of these, 67 students (52.8%) participated in the second evaluation. The second evaluation consisted of history taking and neurological and physical examination. All subjects were classified according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders (2nd edition) criteria. Validated Turkish version of Migraine Disability Assessment questionnaire was given to the subjects to evaluate the socio-economical impact of headache. Tension-type headache, which is the most common form of primary headaches, was identified in 34 students (50.7%) out of 67 students. Migraine was detected in 31 students (46.3%). This is the first study performed on a face-to-face interview basis with medical students using the new classification criteria in Turkey. Astonishingly, most of the students (n:65) ignored their headaches and did not seek medication, despite the negative impact of headache on daily functioning and overall quality of life.
著者
本川 弘一 三田 俊定
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.3-4, pp.298-320, 1941-07-31 (Released:2008-11-28)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
1 1 6

Bei der Elektrenkephalographie des Menschen lässt sich eine von den eigentlichen Hirnströmen sicher unterscheidbare langsame Schwankung auf Augenbelichtung hin nachweisen. Da sie detn bei Tieren gefundenen “On”-Effekt der optischen Hirnrinde etwas ähnlich ist, wurde sie ohne weiteres der Grosshirnrinde zugeschrieben. Angesichts ihres mit dem cerebralen “On”-Effekt bei Tieren nicht ganz übereinstimmenden Verhaltens wurde ihre vermeintliche Herkunft in Zweifel gezogen und folgende Untersuchung angestellt, um das Wesen dieser Potentialschwankung aufzuklären: 1. Sie ist von Lid- und Augenbewegungen unabhängig, was mit der elektrischen Registriermethode der Lid- und Augenbewegungen einwandfrei nachgewiesen wurde. 2. Ein rotes Licht ist weniger wirksam als ein weisses oder ein blaues, um diese Schwankung hervorzurufen. 3. Durch Untersuchungen über die Potentialverteilung auf dem Kopf wurde festgestellt, dass diese Schwankung von den Augen oder wenigstens von ihrer Nähe herruhrt. 4. Der naturgetreue Verlauf dieser Schwankung wurde mittels eines Gleichstromverstärkers und eines Oszillographen registriert, um festzustellen, dass sie in jeder Hinsicht mit dem Elektroretinogramm des Menschen iibereinstimmt. 5. Auf rhythmische optische Reize lassen sich in Bestätigung des Adrian schen Befunds periodische Schwankungen des Potentials nachweisen. Das Bild and andere Eigenschaften dieser Flickerantwort sind auf der vorderen and der hinteren Hälfte des Kopfes sehr verschieden, indem Netzhautprozess beim ersteren Fall eine überwiegende Rolle spielt. Es sei nachdrücklich betont, lass sich der Belichtungsstrom der Netzhaut bei der Elektrenkephalographie unter Umständen geltend macht, um eine Konfusion mit Hirnströmen hervorzurufen, besonders wenn eine Elektrode in der Nähe der Augen liegt.
著者
Shiro Oguma Itiro Ando Takuo Hirose Kazuhito Totsune Hiroshi Sekino Hiroshi Sato Yutaka Imai Masako Fujiwara
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.227, no.3, pp.217-223, 2012 (Released:2012-07-07)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
5 6

Patients with renal failure undergoing hemodialysis often have muscle cramps during and after the dialysis therapy. Muscle cramps are defined as the sudden onset of a prolonged involuntary muscle contraction accompanied with severe pain, resulting in early termination of a HD session and inadequate dialysis. The etiology of the cramps is unknown and effective anti-cramp medicine is not available. We have hypothesized that water-soluble vitamins are deficient in HD patients. Accordingly, we administrated biotin to 14 patients who had frequent muscle cramps during HD sessions. Oral administration of 1 mg/day biotin promptly reduced the onset and the severity of cramps in 12 patients both during and after HD. Then, the plasma biotin levels were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method (ELISA) in HD patients, including 14 patients with cramps and 13 patients without cramps, and 11 healthy volunteers. Plasma biotin levels were elevated in 27 HD patients at baseline compared with healthy volunteers [451 (377 - 649) vs. 224 (148 - 308) ng/l, median (lower-upper quartiles); p < 0.0001]. Unexpectedly, among the 14 cramp patients, the biotin levels were significantly higher in biotin-ineffective 7 patients than biotin-effective 7 patients [1,064 (710 - 1,187) vs. 445 (359 - 476) ng/l; p < 0.001]. Thus, the biotins measured by ELISA may consist of not only intact biotin but also its metabolites that do not function as a vitamin. In conclusion, biotin administration is one choice to relieve HD patients from muscle cramps regardless of their elevated plasma biotin levels.
著者
Kiyohisa Sekizawa
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.184, no.2, pp.73-84, 1998 (Released:2005-12-13)
参考文献数
75
被引用文献数
4 3

Pneumonia is not only a major cause of death for elderly persons, but also imposes substantial personal morbidity and burdens on the health care system. An understanding of the pathogenesis of this serious illness could allow us to devise methods for curbing the incidence and severity of the disease. Pathophysiological issues and preventative measures are the subject of this review.
著者
Jae-Woo Jung Hye-Ryun Kang Jae-Woo Kwon Tae-Eun Kim So-Hee Lee Kyoung Sup Hong Kyung-Sang Yu Sang-Heon Cho
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.224, no.4, pp.293-300, 2011 (Released:2011-07-29)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
4 4

Revaprazan is the first acid pump antagonist with a function similar to that of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). It has a dual action, active suppression of gastric acid secretion and gastric mucosa protection. While PPIs are known to enhance the prolongation of prothrombin time by warfarin, no research has been done on the drug interaction between revaprazan and warfarin. This study was conducted in order to verify the potential drug interaction between revaprazan and warfarin. Omeprazole, a representative PPI, was used as the control for revaprazan. We searched for patients who were given either revaprazan or omeprazole along with warfarin using the medical record database of Seoul National University Hospital between July 2007 and June 2010. Among the 15 patients who took revaprazan and warfarin together, 73.3% (11/15) showed more than 30% reduction of anticoagulation effect by warfarin after revaprazan was added. The revaprazan group showed a significant shortening of prothrombin time during revaprazan administration compared to pre- and post-revaprazan medication (P < 0.05) while the omeprazole group did not show such difference. Revaprazan seems to have cumulative dose-dependent anti-warfarin or anti-coagulation effect, as judged from the fact that the longer medication with revaprazan showed correlation with the shortening of prothrombin time (R = −0.632, P < 0.05). This study shows a possible interaction between revaprazan and warfarin and suggests that revaprazan can cause shortening of prothrombin time. Therefore, when revaprazan is prescribed to patients on warfarin therapy, prothrombin time should be frequently monitored.
著者
Eul-Sang Kim Yang-Sook Ko Junghun Kim Naoko Matsuda-Inoguchi Haruo Nakatsuka Takao Watanabe Shinichiro Shimbo Masayuki Ikeda
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.200, no.1, pp.7-15, 2003 (Released:2004-10-01)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
10 13

This study was initiated to examine the accuracy of conventional food composition table-based estimation of intakes of energy, protein, lipid and carbohydrate, in comparison with chemical analysis. For this purpose, 66 women (at the ages of 29 to 54 years) in three locations in Jeju Island, Republic of Korea, volunteered to offer 24-hour food duplicate samples. A half of them were house-wives, and the remaining half were farmers or fishers. The duplicate samples were subjected 1) to the chemical analysis for daily intake of energy, protein, lipid and carbohydrate after official methods in Korea (measured values), and 2) to the estimation of intakes of the same items taking advantage of Korean Food Composition Tables (estimated values). The two sets of the results, i.e., the measured and estimated values, were compared by paired and unpaired t-test, and linear regression analysis. The estimated values correlated closely with the measured values, irrespective of energy or the three major nutrients. A close agreement was observed for energy intake (the estimated/measured ratio of >98%), and it was also the case for protein intake (101%). Under- and over-estimation was observed, however, in regard to carbohydrate (by −8%) and lipid intake (by +24%), respectively. It was concluded that the Korean Food Composition Tables are sufficiently accurate when applied for estimation of total energy intake as well as protein intake. Cares should be taken, however, in applying the tables for estimation of lipid and carbohydrate intake, because there may be the risk of over- and under-estimation for the former and the latter, respectively.
著者
Gunilla Wieslander Nina Fabjan Maja Vogrincic Ivan Kreft Christer Janson Ulrike Spetz-Nyström Blanka Vombergar Christer Tagesson Per Leanderson Dan Norbäck
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.225, no.2, pp.123-130, 2011 (Released:2011-09-17)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
21 30

Buckwheat food is a good source of antioxidants, e.g. rutin, and other beneficial substances. Here we investigated the effects of the intake of common buckwheat (low rutin content) and tartary buckwheat cookies (high rutin content) on selected clinical markers. A double blind crossover study was performed among female day-care centre staffs (N = 62) from five day-care centres. Participants were randomly divided into two groups. The first group initially consumed four common buckwheat cookies per day (16.5 mg rutin equivalents/day) for two weeks, while the second group consumed four tartary buckwheat cookies per day (359.7 mg rutin equivalents/day). Then the groups switched their type of cookies and consumed them for another two weeks. We monitored selected clinical markers related to cardiovascular disease and lower airway inflammation, lung function, and subjective breathing difficulties in the staffs. Intake of tartary buckwheat cookies reduced the serum level of myeloperoxidase (MPO) by a factor 0.84 (p = 0.02). When grouping the two types of buckwheat cookies together, there was a reduction of total serum cholesterol (p < 0.001) and HDL-cholesterol (p < 0.001) during the study period, with improved lung vital capacity (p < 0.001). The degree of reduction in total and HDL cholesterol levels was similar in staffs with low and high body mass index (cut off 25). In conclusion, intake of tartary buckwheat cookies with high level of the antioxidant rutin may reduce levels of MPO, an indicator of inflammation. Moreover, intake of both types of buckwheat cookies may lower cholesterol levels.
著者
Mio Ishibashi Hideki Tonori Takeo Miki Eriko Miyajima Yasushi Kudo Masashi Tsunoda Kou Sakabe Yoshiharu Aizawa
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.211, no.3, pp.223-233, 2007 (Released:2007-03-09)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
6 7

Sick house syndrome (SHS) is a Japanese concept derived from sick building syndrome (SBS), however SHS includes a broader scope of sickness than does SBS. Symptoms of SHS/SBS disappear after leaving the sick house/building, while symptoms of multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) are elicited by the chance of chemical exposure after leaving the sick house/building. To establish the concept of SHS, we propose to introduce a new classification for SHS. A total of 214 patients complaining of SHS and/or MCS were independently classified using a new classification by clinical ecologists who are experienced physicians with expert knowledge of clinical ecology and general physicians according to disease pathogenesis from clinical records. The classification is as follows: type 1 (symptoms of chemical intoxication), type 2 (symptoms developed possibly due to chemical exposure), type 3 (symptoms developed not because of chemical exposure but rather because of psychological or mental factors), and type 4 (symptoms developed due to allergies or other diseases). The agreements on the classification made by clinical ecologists and general physicians reached 77.1% (Cohen's kappa = 0.631), suggesting that this new classification was both apt and accurate. Relations between SHS and allergy/MCS were also studied. The cases classified as SHS type 4 more frequently had allergic past histories than did other types. The proportion of possible MCS cases was higher in the chemical induced SHS group (types 1 and 2) than in other types among male patients. For the universal use in clinical practice, it is necessary to prepare helpful diagnostic criteria of this SHS classification based on pathogenesis and carry our study forward all over the country.