著者
Takeshi Yamauchi Yasuhiko Sakata Masanobu Miura Takeo Onose Kanako Tsuji Ruri Abe Takuya Oikawa Shintaro Kasahara Masayuki Sato Kotaro Nochioka Takashi Shiroto Jun Takahashi Satoshi Miyata Hiroaki Shimokawa on behalf of the CHART-2 Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0759, (Released:2017-01-14)
参考文献数
52
被引用文献数
19

Background:The prognostic impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) among patients at high risk for heart failure (HF) remains unclear. In addition, there is no risk estimation model for AF development in these patients.Methods and Results:The present study included 5,382 consecutive patients at high risk of HF enrolled in the CHART-2 Study (n=10,219). At enrollment, 1,217 (22.6%) had AF, and were characterized, as compared with non-AF patients, by higher age, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, higher B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level and lower left ventricular ejection fraction. A total of 116 non-AF patients (2.8%) newly developed AF (new AF) during the median 3.1-year follow-up. AF at enrollment was associated with worse prognosis for both all-cause death and HF hospitalization (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.31, P=0.027 and aHR 1.74, P=0.001, for all-cause death and HF hospitalization, respectively) and new AF was associated with HF hospitalization (aHR 4.54, P<0.001). We developed a risk score with higher age, smoking, pulse pressure, lower eGFR, higher BNP, aortic valvular regurgitation, LV hypertrophy, and left atrial and ventricular dilatation on echocardiography, which effectively stratified the risk of AF development with excellent accuracy (AUC 0.76).Conclusions:These results indicated that AF is associated with worse prognosis in patients at high risk of HF, and our new risk score may be useful to identify patients at high risk for AF onset.
著者
Misa Takegami Yoshihiro Miyamoto Satoshi Yasuda Michikazu Nakai Kunihiro Nishimura Hisao Ogawa Ken-ichi Hirata Ryuji Toh Yoshihiro Morino Motoyuki Nakamura Yasuchika Takeishi Hiroaki Shimokawa Hiroaki Naito
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.5, pp.1000-1008, 2015-04-24 (Released:2015-04-24)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
1 23

Background:Large earthquakes have been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. In Japan, the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji (H-A) Earthquake was an urban-underground-type earthquake, whereas the 2011 Great East Japan (GEJ) Earthquake was an ocean-trench type. In the present study, we examined how these different earthquake types affected CVD mortality.Methods and Results:We examined death certificate data from 2008 to 2012 for 131 municipalities in Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima prefectures (n=320,348) and from 1992 to 1996 for 220 municipalities in Hyogo, Osaka, and Kyoto prefectures (n=592,670). A Poisson regression model showed significant increases in the monthly numbers of acute myocardial infarction (AMI)-related deaths (incident rate ratio [IRR] GEJ=1.34, P=0.001; IRR of H-A=1.57, P<0.001) and stroke-related deaths (IRR of GEJ=1.42, P<0.001; IRR of H-A=1.33, P<0.001) after the earthquakes. Two months after the earthquakes, AMI deaths remained significant only for H-A (IRR=1.13, P=0.029). When analyzing the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) after the earthquakes using the Cochran-Armitage trend test, seismic intensity was significantly associated with AMI mortality for 2 weeks after both the GEJ (P for trend=0.089) and H-A earthquakes (P for trend=0.005).Conclusions:Following the GEJ and H-A earthquakes, there was a sharp increase in CVD mortality. The effect of the disaster was sustained for months after the H-A earthquake, but was diminished after the GEJ Earthquake. (Circ J 2015; 79: 1000–1008)
著者
Shunsuke Tatebe Satoshi Yasuda Ryo Konno Yasuhiko Sakata Koichiro Sugimura Kimio Satoh Takashi Shiroto Satoshi Miyata Osamu Adachi Masato Kimura Yoshiko Mizuno Junko Enomoto Shigeru Tateno Hiromichi Nakajima Kotaro Oyama Yoshikatsu Saiki Hiroaki Shimokawa
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0383, (Released:2023-09-05)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
2

Background: Little is known about clinical or sociodemographic factors that influence health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD).Methods and Results: We conducted a nationwide prospective cross-sectional multicenter study at 4 large ACHD centers in Japan. From November 2016 to June 2018, we enrolled 1,223 ACHD patients; 1,025 patients had an HRQoL score. Patients completed a questionnaire survey, including sociodemographic characteristics, and the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). To determine factors associated with HRQoL, correlations between 2 SF-36 summary scores (i.e., physical component score [PCS] and mental component score [MCS]) and other clinical or sociodemographic variables were examined using linear regression analysis. In multivariable analysis, poorer PCS was significantly associated with 11 variables, including older age, higher New York Heart Association class, previous cerebral infarction, being unemployed, and limited participation in physical education classes and sports clubs. Poorer MCS was associated with congenital heart disease of great complexity, being part of a non-sports club, current smoking, and social drinking. Student status and a higher number of family members were positively correlated with MCS.Conclusions: This study demonstrates that HRQoL in ACHD patients is associated with various clinical and sociodemographic factors. Further studies are needed to clarify whether some of these factors could be targets for future intervention programs to improve HRQoL outcomes.
著者
Hiroyuki Tsutsui Shin-ichi Momomura Akira Yamashina Hiroaki Shimokawa Yasuki Kihara Yoshihiko Saito Nobuhisa Hagiwara Hiroshi Ito Masafumi Yano Kazuhiro Yamamoto Junya Ako Takayuki Inomata Yasushi Sakata Takashi Tanaka Yasushi Kawasaki on behalf of the J-SHIFT Study Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0227, (Released:2019-08-08)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
24 45

Background:Increased heart rate (HR) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular outcomes in chronic heart failure (HF). Ivabradine, anIfinhibitor, improved outcomes in patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in the SHIFT study. We evaluated its efficacy and safety in Japanese HFrEF patients in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III study: the J-SHIFT study. The main objective was to confirm a hazard ratio of <1 in the primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular death or hospital admission for worsening HF.Methods and Results:Patients with NYHA functional class II–IV, left ventricular EF ≤35%, and resting HR ≥75 beats/min in sinus rhythm under optimal medical therapy received ivabradine (n=127) or placebo (n=127). Mean reduction in resting HR was significantly greater in the ivabradine group (15.2 vs. 6.1 beats/min, P<0.0001). However, symptomatic bradycardia did not occur. A total of 26 (20.5%) patients in the ivabradine group and 37 (29.1%) patients in the placebo group had the primary endpoint event (hazard ratio 0.67, 95% CI 0.40–1.11, P=0.1179) during median follow-up of 589 days. Mild phosphenes were reported in 8 (6.3%) patients in the ivabradine group and 4 (3.1%) patients in the placebo group (P=0.3760).Conclusions:The J-SHIFT study supported the efficacy and safety of ivabradine for Japanese HFrEF patients, in accord with the SHIFT study.
著者
Yuanji Cui Kiyotaka Hao Jun Takahashi Satoshi Miyata Tomohiko Shindo Kensuke Nishimiya Yoku Kikuchi Ryuji Tsuburaya Yasuharu Matsumoto Kenta Ito Yasuhiko Sakata Hiroaki Shimokawa
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0799, (Released:2017-02-02)
参考文献数
43
被引用文献数
2 65

Background:We are now facing rapid population aging in Japan, which will affect the actual situation of cardiovascular diseases. However, age-specific trends in the incidence and mortality of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Japan remain to be elucidated.Methods and Results:We enrolled a total of 27,220 AMI patients (male/female 19,818/7,402) in our Miyagi AMI Registry during the past 30 years. We divided them into 4 age groups (≤59, 60–69, 70–79 and ≥80 years) and examined the temporal trends in the incidence and in-hospital mortality of AMI during 3 decades (1985–1994, 1995–2004 and 2005–2014). Throughout the entire period, the incidence of AMI steadily increased in the younger group (≤59 years in both sexes), while in the elderly groups (≥70 years in both sexes), the incidence significantly decreased during the last decade (all P<0.01). In-hospital cardiac mortality significantly decreased during the first 2 decades in elderly groups of both sexes (all P<0.01), whereas no further improvement was noted in the last decade irrespective of age or sex, despite improved critical care of AMI.Conclusions:These results provide the novel findings that the incidence of AMI has been increasing in younger populations and decreasing in the elderly, and that improvement in the in-hospital mortality of AMI may have reached a plateau in all age groups in Japan.
著者
Takumi Higuma Yoshihiro J. Akashi Yoshihiro Fukumoto Hitoshi Obara Tatsuyuki Kakuma Yasuhide Asaumi Satoshi Yasuda Ichiro Sakuma Hiroyuki Daida Hiroaki Shimokawa Takeshi Kimura Satoshi Iimuro Ryozo Nagai
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0134, (Released:2023-07-21)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
1

Background: It remains unclear which comorbidities, other than lipid parameters, or combination of comorbidities, best predicts cardiovascular events in patients with known coronary artery disease (CAD) treated with statins. Therefore, we aimed to identify the nonlipid-related prognostic factors and risk stratification of patients with stable CAD enrolled in the REAL-CAD study.Methods and Results: Blood pressure, glucose level, and renal function were considered as risk factors in the 11,141 enrolled patients. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal ischemic stroke, and unstable angina. The secondary composite endpoint was the primary endpoint and/or coronary revascularization. A significantly worse prognosis at the primary endpoint was observed in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≤60 group, and the combination of eGFR ≤60 and HbA1c ≥6.0 was the worst (hazard ratio (HR) 1.66; P<0.001). However, even in the eGFR >60 group, systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg met the secondary endpoint (HR 1.33; P=0.006), and the combination of eGFR ≤60 and HbA1c ≥6.0 was also the worst at the secondary endpoint (HR 1.35; P=0.002).Conclusions: Regarding nonlipid prognostic factors contributing to the incidence of cardiovascular events in statin-treated CAD patients, renal dysfunction was the most significant, followed by poor glucose control and high SBP.
著者
Mashio Nakamura Satoshi Tamaru Shigeki Hirooka Atsushi Hirayama Akihiro Tsuji Mitsuhiro Hirata Mitsuru Munemasa Izumi Nakagawa Masahiro Toshima Hiroaki Shimokawa Yuki Nishimura Toru Ogura Takeshi Yamamoto Hirono Satokawa Toru Obayashi Norikazu Yamada on behalf of the AKAFUJI Study Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0158, (Released:2023-06-30)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
1

Background: A large-scale prospective study of the efficacy and safety of warfarin for the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) has not been conducted in Japan. Therefore, we conducted a real-world prospective multicenter observational cohort study (AKAFUJI Study; UMIN000014132) to investigate the efficacy and safety of warfarin for VTE.Methods and Results: Between May 2014 and March 2017, 352 patients (mean [±SD] age 67.7±14.8 years; 57% female) with acute symptomatic/asymptomatic VTE were enrolled; 284 were treated with warfarin. The cumulative incidence of recurrent symptomatic VTE was higher in patients without warfarin than in those treated with warfarin (8.7 vs. 2.2 per 100 person-years, respectively; P=0.018). The cumulative incidence of bleeding complications was not significantly different between the 2 groups. The mean prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR) during warfarin on-treatment was <1.5 in 180 patients, 1.5–2.5 in 97 patients, and >2.5 in 6 patients. The incidence of bleeding complications was significantly higher in patients with PT-INR >2.5, whereas the incidence of recurrent VTE was not significantly different between the 3 PT-INR groups. The cumulative incidence of recurrent VTE and bleeding complications did not differ significantly among those in whom VTE was provoked by a transient risk factor, was unprovoked, or was associated with cancer.Conclusions: Warfarin therapy with an appropriate PT-INR according to Japanese guidelines is effective without increasing bleeding complications, regardless of patient characteristics.
著者
Kotaro Nochioka Yasuhiko Sakata Satoshi Miyata Masanobu Miura Tsuyoshi Takada Soichiro Tadaki Ryoichi Ushigome Takeshi Yamauchi Jun Takahashi Hiroaki Shimokawa on behalf of the CHART-2 Investigators’
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-14-0865, (Released:2015-01-08)
参考文献数
41
被引用文献数
12 52

Background:The effectiveness of statins remains to be examined in patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (EF).Methods and Results:Among 4,544 consecutive HF patients registered in the Chronic Heart Failure Registry and Analysis in the Tohoku district-2 (CHART-2) between 2006 and 2010, 3,124 had EF ≥50% (HFpEF; mean age 69 years; male 65%) and 1,420 had EF <50% (HF with reduced EF (HFrEF); mean age 67 years; male 75%). The median follow-up was 3.4 years. The 3-year mortality in HFpEF patients was lower in patients receiving statins [8.7% vs. 14.5%, adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.74; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.58–0.94; P<0.001], which was confirmed in the propensity score-matched cohort (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.49–0.99; P=0.044). The inverse probability of treatment weighted further confirmed that statin use was associated with reduced incidence of all-cause death (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.62–0.82, P<0.001) and noncardiovascular death (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.43–0.66, P<0.001), specifically reduction of sudden death (HR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.36–0.98, P=0.041) and infection death (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.35–0.77, P=0.001) in HFpEF. In the HFrEF cohort, statin use was not associated with mortality (HR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.73–1.04, P=0.12), suggesting a lack of statin benefit in HFrEF patients.Conclusions:These results suggest that statin use is associated with improved mortality rates in HFpEF patients, mainly attributable to reductions in sudden death and noncardiovascular death.
著者
Hiroaki Shimokawa Tomohiko Shindo Aiko Ishiki Naoki Tomita Sadamitsu Ichijyo Tasuku Watanabe Takashi Nakata Kumiko Eguchi Yoku Kikuchi Takashi Shiroto Jun Takahashi Satoshi Yasuda Hiroyuki Arai
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.258, no.3, pp.167-175, 2022 (Released:2022-10-25)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
8

The prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has been rapidly increasing worldwide. We have developed a novel angiogenic therapy with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), which is effective and safe in animal models of AD and vascular dementia. We performed two trials of LIPUS therapy for AD (mild cognitive impairment due to AD and mild AD); a roll-in open trial for safety, and a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled (RCT) trial for efficacy and safety. The LIPUS therapy was performed for whole brain through the bilateral temporal bones for one hour 3 times a week as one session under the special conditions (1.3 MPa, 32 cycles, 5% duty cycle) we identified. The LIPUS therapy was performed for one session in the roll-in trial, and 6 sessions in the RCT trial with 3-month intervals for 1.5 years. The primary endpoint was ADAS-J cog scores. The RCT trial was terminated prematurely due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the roll-in trial (N = 5), no adverse effects were noted. In the RCT trial (N = 22), the worsening of ADAS-J cog scores tended to be suppressed in the LIPUS group compared with the placebo group at week 72 (P = 0.257). When responders were defined as those with no worsening of ADAS-J cog scores at week 72, the prevalence was 50% (5/10) and 0% (0/5) in the LIPUS and placebo groups, respectively (P = 0.053). No adverse effects were noted. These results suggest that the LIPUS therapy is safe and tends to suppress cognitive impairment although a next pivotal trial with a large number of subjects is warranted.
著者
Junnichi Ishii Kosuke Kashiwabara Yukio Ozaki Hiroshi Takahashi Fumihiko Kitagawa Hideto Nishimura Hideki Ishii Satoshi Iimuro Hideki Kawai Takashi Muramatsu Hiroyuki Naruse Hiroshi Iwata Sadako Tanizawa-Motoyama Hiroyasu Ito Eiichi Watanabe Yutaka Matsuyama Yoshihiro Fukumoto Ichiro Sakuma Yoshihisa Nakagawa Kiyoshi Hibi Takafumi Hiro Seiji Hokimoto Katsumi Miyauchi Hiroshi Ohtsu Hideo Izawa Hisao Ogawa Hiroyuki Daida Hiroaki Shimokawa Yasushi Saito Takeshi Kimura Masunori Matsuzaki Ryozo Nagai
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.10, pp.1458-1474, 2022-10-01 (Released:2022-10-01)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
1 9

Aim: We investigated the relationship between small dense low-density cholesterol (sdLDL-C) and risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients treated with high- or low-dose statin therapy.Methods: This was a prospective case-cohort study within the Randomized Evaluation of Aggressive or Moderate Lipid-Lowering Therapy with Pitavastatin in Coronary Artery Disease (REAL-CAD) study, a randomized trial of high- or low-dose (4 or 1 mg/d pitavastatin, respectively) statin therapy, in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Serum sdLDL-C was determined using an automated homogenous assay at baseline (randomization after a rule-in period, >1 month with 1 mg/d pitavastatin) and 6 months after randomization, in 497 MACE cases, and 1543 participants randomly selected from the REAL-CAD study population.Results: High-dose pitavastatin reduced sdLDL-C by 20% than low-dose pitavastatin (p for interaction <0.001). Among patients receiving low-dose pitavastatin, baseline sdLDL-C demonstrated higher MACE risk independent of LDL-C (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval], 4th versus 1st quartile, 1.67 [1.04–2.68]; p for trend=0.034). High-dose (versus low-dose) pitavastatin reduced MACE risk by 46% in patients in the highest baseline sdLDL-C quartile (>34.3 mg/dL; 0.54 [0.36–0.81]; p=0.003), but increased relative risk by 40% in patients with 1st quartile (≤ 19.5 mg/dL; 1.40 [0.94–2.09]; p=0.099) and did not alter risk in those in 2nd and 3rd quartiles (p for interaction=0.002).Conclusions: These findings associate sdLDL-C and cardiovascular risk, independent of LDL-C, in statin-treated CAD patients. Notably, high-dose statin therapy reduces this risk in those with the highest baseline sdLDL-C.
著者
Yuanji Cui Kiyotaka Hao Jun Takahashi Satoshi Miyata Tomohiko Shindo Kensuke Nishimiya Yoku Kikuchi Ryuji Tsuburaya Yasuharu Matsumoto Kenta Ito Yasuhiko Sakata Hiroaki Shimokawa
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.4, pp.520-528, 2017-03-24 (Released:2017-03-24)
参考文献数
43
被引用文献数
61 65

Background:We are now facing rapid population aging in Japan, which will affect the actual situation of cardiovascular diseases. However, age-specific trends in the incidence and mortality of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Japan remain to be elucidated.Methods and Results:We enrolled a total of 27,220 AMI patients (male/female 19,818/7,402) in our Miyagi AMI Registry during the past 30 years. We divided them into 4 age groups (≤59, 60–69, 70–79 and ≥80 years) and examined the temporal trends in the incidence and in-hospital mortality of AMI during 3 decades (1985–1994, 1995–2004 and 2005–2014). Throughout the entire period, the incidence of AMI steadily increased in the younger group (≤59 years in both sexes), while in the elderly groups (≥70 years in both sexes), the incidence significantly decreased during the last decade (all P<0.01). In-hospital cardiac mortality significantly decreased during the first 2 decades in elderly groups of both sexes (all P<0.01), whereas no further improvement was noted in the last decade irrespective of age or sex, despite improved critical care of AMI.Conclusions:These results provide the novel findings that the incidence of AMI has been increasing in younger populations and decreasing in the elderly, and that improvement in the in-hospital mortality of AMI may have reached a plateau in all age groups in Japan.
著者
Saori Yamamoto Tasuku Nagasawa Koichiro Sugimura Atuhiro Kanno Shunsuke Tatebe Tatsuo Aoki Haruka Sato Katsuya Kozu Ryo Konno Kotaro Nochioka Kimio Sato Hiroaki Shimokawa
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.0959-18, (Released:2018-10-17)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
7

Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a rare X-linked disorder caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase A (α-GAL A). We herein report 10 cases of AFD in 5 families (3 men and 7 women) that were found to have a specific common mutation in R301Q (G-to-A transition in exon 6 [codon 301] resulting in the replacement of a glutamine with an arginine residue). We evaluated their clinical characteristics, residual enzymatic activity, and plasma concentrations of globotriaosylsphingosine (Lyso-Gb3). Although all 10 cases had cardiac and renal manifestations in common, their clinical manifestations were markedly divergent despite the same genetic abnormality.
著者
Kotaro Nochioka Yasuhiko Sakata Satoshi Miyata Masanobu Miura Tsuyoshi Takada Soichiro Tadaki Ryoichi Ushigome Takeshi Yamauchi Jun Takahashi Hiroaki Shimokawa on behalf of the CHART-2 Investigators’
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.3, pp.574-582, 2015-02-25 (Released:2015-02-25)
参考文献数
41
被引用文献数
15 52

Background:The effectiveness of statins remains to be examined in patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (EF).Methods and Results:Among 4,544 consecutive HF patients registered in the Chronic Heart Failure Registry and Analysis in the Tohoku district-2 (CHART-2) between 2006 and 2010, 3,124 had EF ≥50% (HFpEF; mean age 69 years; male 65%) and 1,420 had EF <50% (HF with reduced EF (HFrEF); mean age 67 years; male 75%). The median follow-up was 3.4 years. The 3-year mortality in HFpEF patients was lower in patients receiving statins [8.7% vs. 14.5%, adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.74; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.58–0.94; P<0.001], which was confirmed in the propensity score-matched cohort (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.49–0.99; P=0.044). The inverse probability of treatment weighted further confirmed that statin use was associated with reduced incidence of all-cause death (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.62–0.82, P<0.001) and noncardiovascular death (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.43–0.66, P<0.001), specifically reduction of sudden death (HR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.36–0.98, P=0.041) and infection death (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.35–0.77, P=0.001) in HFpEF. In the HFrEF cohort, statin use was not associated with mortality (HR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.73–1.04, P=0.12), suggesting a lack of statin benefit in HFrEF patients.Conclusions:These results suggest that statin use is associated with improved mortality rates in HFpEF patients, mainly attributable to reductions in sudden death and noncardiovascular death. (Circ J 2015; 79: 574–582)
著者
Kimio Satoh Jun Takahashi Yasuharu Matsumoto Shunsuke Tatebe Tatsuo Aoki Yoku Kikuchi Kiyotaka Hao Kazuma Ohyama Masamichi Nogi Akira Suda Shintaro Kasahara Koichi Sato Sadamitsu Ichijo Hiroaki Shimokawa
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-1103, (Released:2017-11-02)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
2

From August 26th to 30th, the 2017 Annual Congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC 2017) was held in Barcelona, Spain. Despite the terrorism tradegy just before the ESC congress, the congress attracted many medical professionals from all over the world to discuss the recent topics in cardiovascular medicine in more than 500 sessions, including COMPASS (Cardiovascular OutcoMes for People using Anticoagulation StrategieS Trial), CANTOS (Canakinumab Anti-Inflammatory Thrombosis Outcomes Study), and ORION (which assessed the effect of a novel siRNA inhibitor to PCSK9 on reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol). Japanese cardiologists and the Japanese Circulation Society greatly contributed to the congress. This report briefly introduces some late-breaking registry results, late-breaking clinical trials, and ESC Guidelines from the ESC 2017 Congress.