著者
中島 智子
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
no.51, pp.189-202, 2011

At present, there are approximately 200 schools for foreign nationals in Japan. Among them, Chosen gakko, Korean schools, have a history of sixty years. In order to better understand Korean schools, it is necessary to research the culture of suchschools, the daily lives of teachers, students, parents, and their perceptions of themselves without paying too much heed to the political discourse. Through interviews of parents whose children attend Korean schools, this study examines why the parents chose to send their children toKorean schools as well as their level of satisfaction toward school. In conclusion, the reasons for their school choice varied depending on their own experience. For those who themselves attended Korean schools, it was a "natural" choice to send their children to the same type of school, just like most Japanese send their children to Japanese schools. On the other hand, those Koreans who attended Japanese schools themselves felt it took a longer time to establish their own identity by attending a Japanese school, thus chose Korean schools for their children. For both types of parents, the main reason for choosing Korean schools is to provide a safeenvironment where children have to struggle less with identity conflicts. The study also found a high level of satisfaction among the parents toward Korean schools.
著者
加藤 源太郎
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, pp.145-157, 2006-12

Recently, we often see and hear about LOHAS. It is an acronym for Lifestyles of Healthand Sustainability, derived from social research that was conducted on more than 100,000people in the U . S. If we treat sustainability as environmental awareness, then LOHAS lifestylescome within the arena of STS studies.This paper deals with the following three themes:(1)to marshal the concept of LOHASthat has not been an academic subject, (2)to discuss the attitude towards health andenvironment on which LOHAS people put high priority within the framework of STS studies,and(3)to consider the possibility that STS arguments develop into cultural aspects.This paper will show that LOHAS and its views of nature and science can be a goodexample for the today's society. It seems too hasty to remove LOHAS from academic pursuitsbecause of its commerciality.
著者
加藤 源太郎
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, pp.121-134, 2011-12

One of the dominant trends in recent STS studies is the discussions which try to capture the problems of science and technology in the context of civil society. They emphasize active oppositions towards the expert systems and autonomous decisions by the public people as a means to solve scientific issues. In these arguments, to express one's mistrust in experts is often considered as an important action, which is deferent from as has been the case in thepast. However, to mistrust in experts is never autonomous decision, but is equivalent to trust in experts when you see it as an individual action. When one needs to trust, he/she is stranger in the scientific confines : for example, whenone take an airplane, or when one has some food additives. Ordinary people rarely confirm the knowledge which is heard from the others or mass media. We often make decisions with trust in systems and being lack of any comprehensions. We invariably have to trust something unless we are like Robinson Crusoe. STS has often eliminated such as deficit model especially in the context of civil society. However, this paper reconsiders about the deficiency and tries to draw the attitude towardsscientific system in more realistic sense.
著者
中島 智子
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, pp.117-132, 2004-12

In Japan, ethnic/international schools are placed separately to the public education system. However, these days the number of students who share more diverse cultures and backgrounds are increasing. It is, therefore, a natural step to incorporate these schools into the system, or at least create closer linkages between them and public schools. In this paper, a tentative approach of how ethnic/international schools should be placed in the public education system in Japan is presented. This paper presents a tentative approach to establishing firm links with ethnic/international schools and placing them within the Japanese public educational system under the guise of private schools. The characteristics and conditions of both private schools and schools supported by public funds are considered by example of such a school in the United Kingdom. In addition the case of a private Kenkoku school that has been given accreditation as a fomal school is examined.
著者
佃 繁
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, pp.55-69, 2010-12

The aim of this research is to clarify the base of reciprocity of ethics. Ethical theories are often divided into two groups : teleological and deontological theories. Teleological theory emphasises that morality is oriented toward bringing about a certain goal. It includes classical utilitarianism. By contrast, deontological theory claims that the wrongness of actions is intrinsic rather than the consequences it brings about. Kant is the representative theorist of deontological ethics. In Kant's normative ethics the moral law is universal. The fact that every people must follow morality's commands leads to obligatory reciprocity. Kant's categorical imperative rests upon synthetic a priori judgment. The progress of analytical philosophy has rejected the possibility of synthetic a priori knowledge. Logical positivists demonstrate a priori equals to analytic and a posteriori truths are necessarily synthetic. Quine attacks the positivist's doctrines in "Two Dogmas of Empiricism". He asserts that analytic- synthetic distinction and reductionism are two dogmas of empiricism. He advocates the holistic view of knowledge and belief. Davidson points out that Quine'sholistic theory still contains a third dogma of empiricism`scheme and content'. In the course of demonstrating against the scheme-content distinction, he uses Tarski's theory of truth andt he principle of charity. Davidson's principle of charity gives us 'radical reciprocity'. Charity is forced on us. If we do not presuppose it, we can not start communicating. No communication brings about no ethics.
著者
佃 繁
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, pp.39-53, 2011-12

The purpose of this article is to make it clear that both Luhmann's system theory andmodern reason in philosophy treat the same problem as 'the world's complexity'. Luhmann argues that we need to differentiate a system from environment to reduce 'the world's complexity'. Only this differentiation can treat Husserlian horizon of human experiences. Luhmann thinks Husserlian intersubjectivity is useless because each person has one's ownintersubjectivity. Therefore Husserlian intersubjectivity does not give us the common picture of the world. In the post-Descartes philosophy, 'the world's complexity' is related to contingent knowledge. Modern science denied the existence of Aristotelian nous and Descartes invented self-consciousness instead. Since then there is a distinction between necessary truths and empirical contingent truths. Empirical concepts needs to be verified to be truths. This is thesame problem as` the world's complexity'.Rorty rejects Cartesian self-consciousness because it cannot determine which knowledgeis necessary. Language philosophy after Quine has demonstrated that there is no distinction between necessary knowledge and contingent knowledge. Only a self as a language network of beliefs and desires can treat this contingency of the world.
著者
安部 惠子
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プ-ル学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
no.48, pp.31-45, 2008

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence that a contact surface of foot sole in the childhood gives an athletic capability and a physical characteristic. The result is as follows.It developed that a child of a concave type was superior in instantaneous power and agility, and was shown the boys who had a center of gravity backward was inferior in instantaneous power, agility and stamina. In addition, it developed that the child who was a flatfoot and a center of gravity backward had high form index readings.In conclusion, it developed that contact surface of foot sole in the childhood has strong connection with an athletic capability and a physical characteristic. Results suggest that the periodical photography of the contact surface of foot sole image may become the one of important documents for healthy evaluation.
著者
作野 理恵
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, pp.85-100, 2010-12

When looking at the history of Spain music, more than 1000 varieties of Spanish folk dances can be found. Spain can be divided into three regions : the north, where the Basque people live, and the center and the south which were deeply influenced by Islamic and Roman culture. Spanish folk music has been used in many works of western music, more so than other European folk music. Why did composers of western music, including Russian and American composers, prefer Spanish folk melodies and dance rhythms? This research attempts to answer this question through the analysis of piano works in the history of western music. The results of the analysis show that Spanish folk music was used in composing many well know piano works and this further spread the influence of Spanish folk music. There were three factors which brought about this phenomenon. These included historical factors as well as religious and geographical factors. Together these three factors influenced the multicultural society and music of Spain. This music, in turn, attracted the attention of people around the world and, as a result, influenced western musical works worldwide.
著者
伊藤 宏
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, pp.101-116, 2009-12

This paper is the final chapter of the reports concerning the verification of the kind of "media agenda" shown by the Asahi Shimbun when reporting on development and use of nuclear energy in Japan. This research analyzes the period from 1995 to the present, and sums up the change in "media agenda" until now.As a result, it became clear that the Asahi, at the end of the 20th century, presented a completely opposite agenda for nuclear power plants and the nuclear fuel circle from the initial agenda. Japan's nuclear energy policy had already reached a point of no return when the Asahichanged the contents of the agenda: basically opposing the development and use of nuclear energy. Naturally, as for the Asahi's agenda for discussion presentation of the present, it cannot but be received the restriction of that accomplished fact.
著者
伊藤 宏
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, pp.63-76, 2004-12
被引用文献数
3

This thesis is a part of research to verify what kind of"media agenda"the Asahi Shimbun newspaper has shown concerning the development and use of nuclear energy in Japan. The target of the analysis was the editorial of the Asahi Shimbun from the days after the war until the end 1970. First, the agenda regarding the development and use of nuclear energy was classified into four categories, and then under each category, the change of value judgments of the Asahi was tracked and put in chronological order. As a result, it became clear that the media agenda of the Asahi had been based on the premise of promoting the use of nuclear energy up until the end of 1970. Especially during the period from the first days of nuclear power plants until the start of its commercial use, almost no critical agenda can be found in the Asahi. And until specific accidents and troubles occurred, the safety of nuclear power plants had been regarded as an"established"matter.
著者
太田 洋子
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
研究紀要 (ISSN:09110690)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.29-49, 1990-12-21
著者
苅野 正美
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, pp.57-72, 2014-12

This report discusses the results of an investigation of 148 junior college and university students regarding their comprehension of the characteristics of various SNS networks, and relations between their perception of the risk of use and their experiences using SNS. The main points of this report are as follows: 1) Most of the students' SNS usage was on amartphones. The reasons for using SNS were "because we are friends" or "to kill time." "Because friends invited me to join" was not ranked highly. 2) When risk perception and the risk experience of young people was examined by gender, the following were more important for women than for men: "Understand that malicious slander and bullying is likely to be a crime." "Think about the opponent's feelings when updating responses." 3) Although women who used SNS did so while taking others into consideration, men had troubles when using SNS. 4) Regarding the relationship between risk perception and risk experience, it became clear that students who posted personally identifiable information on SNS without thinking about their opponents feelings did not understand the characteristics of LINE and Twitter.
著者
中島 智子
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, pp.107-123, 2007-12

In recent years, the terms "career" and/or "career education" have been appearing in Japanese school education. "Career education" seeks the needed balance between academic learning and working in a real world setting. These terms have received much attention lately due to current social changes that include changes in economic structures, the rapid aging of the society and falling birthrates, and increasing dependence on information technology. Moreover, the increasing number of young people with low motivation to work, aka NEET, is considered one of the reasons for the growing interest in "career education". The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology only introduced the idea of "career education" into the educational arena in1999. Thus little has been resolved regarding the meanings and usage of the terms "career" and "career education." The purpose of this paper is to provide a basic understanding about career education. First, the history of career education in the U.S. will be summarized. Secondly, the conceptualization of "competencies" required in career education will be examined by analyzing the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and its definition and selection of "key competencies."
著者
武藤 大司
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, pp.149-163, 2013-12

An investigation by the Japanese Supreme Court has shown that unethical and criminal acts by legal guardians of both children and adults have been increasing. This study reports on the conditions and factors related to unethical and criminal acts by legal guardians. Specifically the study identifies ten factors from a case analysis of the Tokyo Family Court Guardian Center. The analysis shows that the time between a court decision to place a child or adult under a guardian and when the guardianship began was critical and seems to indicate that cultivating and supporting the values and ethics of professional guardians is important to ensure that the children and adults get good care from the guardians.
著者
内海 由美子
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, pp.121-135, 2013-12

Rentaro Taki(1879〜1903) was one of the leading composers during the Meiji era in Japan. "Kojo no tsuki" and "Hana", which are his representative works, are well known in Japan. However, what is not well known is that Taki was a Christian and that his faith influenced his works. In this paper, I describe the relationship between Taki's life and Christianity, and investigate how his works were influenced by his faith. His musical works were divided into three periods: the early period(1897〜1899), the middle period(1900〜1901), and the late period(1902〜1903). I analyze Taki's works of each period and discover that "Yuki", the fourth song of his suite "Shiki", has characteristics typical of hymns. He also used a picardy third, which is often used in hymns, in his works "Tsuki" , "Mizu no yukue" and "Araiso". I therefore conclude that although Taki's early works were not influenced by his Christian faith, his middle and late works were. Keywords: Meiji, baptized, confirmed, Episcopal Church, Picardy third.
著者
権 瞳
出版者
プール学院大学
雑誌
プール学院大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13426028)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, pp.135-148, 2011-12

This article examines the education reform in New Orleans, Louisiana after the devastating Hurricane Katrina in 2005. The number of charter schools in New Orleans has sprung up to over 70%of public schools, now the largest number in the U.S., and the reform has been praised as a successful model. School performance and the results of standardized tests actually show great improvement, especially among charter school students; nevertheless, lower test scores, a high concentration of black students and students in poverty are found in the Recovery School District non-charter schools, administrated by the Louisiana Department of Education for the purpose of taking over "academically failing schools."Athough charter schools are believed to be innovative alternatives to increase the school choice among parents regardless of color and class, and to improve the quality of education, many argue that market principles often lead to even greater stratification, and do not offer choice to those placed in the bottom of the social hierarchy. The case study of New Orleansshows that although the overall performance has improved, the stratification has also deepened