著者
津田 理恵子 樋口 美智子 熊谷 智加子
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:13461672)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.1, pp.49-55, 2006-06-15

社会福祉士及び介護福祉士法が制定されてから19年目を迎える。この法律において介護福祉という語が誕生したと言われている。しかし、介護福祉学は現在においても確立しているとは言い難い状況である。そこで、介護福祉学確立に向けて、介護福祉と関係が深い隣接学問諸領域との関係性を整理した上で、新しい学問領域である介護福祉学確立に向けての方向性として、専門分化を目指し、隣接諸学問を介護福祉の視点で応用して取り込み、整理した上で介護福祉学の体系化を目指すと共に、実践学として、介護実践を通した研究の積み重ねがあると示した。
著者
梅谷 進康
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:13461672)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.169-174, 2006-12-15

The purpose of this study is to clarify the situation without "the dilemma about needs"that was presented by a care management researcher. The main method of this study usestwo theories as tools. The two are Jurgen Habermas'theory and Michael E.Bratman's theory.The result of this study defines the situation's elements. The elements are that the client andthe care manager mutually agree on three requirements - the propriety, the sincerity and thetruth by the communicative action that are invoking from J. Habermans'theory - at two stages- the needs and the belief that are invoking from M.E.Bratman's theory.
著者
倉橋 弘
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿医療福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:18831788)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.1, pp.131-136, 2010-12-15
著者
柴原 直樹
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:13461672)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.1, pp.1-11, 2006-06-15

A great Greek philosopher, Aristotle once said that laughing is a nature of human beings. Since then, agreat number of scholars such as philosophers, linguists, psychologists, literati, and writers have tried toexamine the mechanisms of laughter from their unique viewpoints, although a satisfactory explanation of thecause of laughter has not yet been made. In this paper, I first presented the classification of laughing intoseveral types such as a pleasurable laughter, a social smile, and so on, from phylogenetic and ontogeneticperspectives. Then, I overviewed various interpretations of the cause of laughter from philosophical,linguistic, and psychoanalytic viewpoints, presenting concrete examples of wit, humors and jokes,whichleads to an investigation of how and why people could laugh. Finally, the mechanisms of a smile andlaughter an a physiological level were discussed in terms of the brain systems and its relation to facialexpressions.
著者
長谷川 高生
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:13461672)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.1, pp.37-48, 2006-06-15

The contemporary society, at which modern society could finally arrive, is a mass societywhere the average vulgar mass-man is contented with good facilities in a modern civilization.Such a mass-man entirely disregards the value of tradition in the historical past, deeplyimmerses himself in self-satifaction, and oversympathizes with anonymous others. Above all things, I think, it is the absence of the historical past and tradition in the presentday that roduces the basic cause of the conditions of mass society in our time. In thispaper, I will study the opinion of J. Ortega y Gasset, the Spanish philosopher who isworldwide famous for his "The Revolt of the Masses" published in 1930, about the "Past",that is to say, the past and tradition in history. In Japan, the Third Opening has inaugurated revisions of the Japanese Constitution and theFundamental Law of Education. These revisions may add the concepts of history andtradition to two fundamental laws, because the active Constitution and the Fundamental Lawof Education are lacking in these concepts. Ortega, the philosopher who belonged to the school of Philosophy of Life in the history ofwestern thoughts, attempted to establish his philosophy of vital reason or historical reason,by criticizing modern rationalism and by emphasizing the importance of life, particularlypastness and futurity on the base of presentness in the temporality of life. And also Ortega,the transitional philosopher from modern to postmodern times, showed an ambivalent attitude,negative and positive, toward the past and tradition in premodern history which wasrefused by the modern era. Therefore, I will try to clarify Ortega's opinion on the "Past" inhistory, particularly historical past, traditionalism, and feudalism, by applying to them thetheory temporality which consists of pastness, presentness, and futurity in subjective time.Pursuing and considering the "Past" in history, Ortega discovers the historical structure ofhuman beings, the actual exstence of historical past, the value of tradition, and thespiritualism of feudalism. And moreover, he catches the dualism of passive, traditional, andinertia power - pastness - and positive, challenging, and active power - futurity -, in humanbeings both as individuals and as groups.Finally, I intend to find the interaction of pastness and futurity in Ortega's view of the"Past" in history, confirming the actuality of historical past, the value of tradition, and thejustification of feudalism.
著者
安井 秀作
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:13461672)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.199-214, 2006-12-15

The Independent Support Law for People with Disabilities was established in October, 2006,and service programs began offering services to enable their normal living in each local area.As part of this new law, working support measures were reinforced, and the shelteredworkshop system was revised into a new working support system :(1) transfer support system to normal employment,(2) continuous working support system, and at the same time,(3) disabled users burden system (10% of total cost) were newly introduced. The new working support measures, though being a big improvement, still have manyproblems to be addressed. Problems of each system are examined on a equal basis with others(non disabled), and raised proposals to enable them to work freely or accepted workenvironment that is open, inclusive and accessible to people with disabilities from a viewpoint of Convention on the Right of Persons with Disabilities (draft) by the United Nations asfollows :(1) "Rehabilitation Law for People with Disabilities" should be established to remedies oftransfer support system to normal employment.(2) New standard to evaluate the degree of support needed should be utilized depending onthe WHO's ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health).(3) New ideas to transfer to Social Enterprises supported by public funds were proposed toremedies of continuous working support system to guarantee the right to work undernomal situations with others (non disabled) by recognizing a situation as normal workerswho are people with disabilities.
著者
安井 秀作
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:13461672)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.1, pp.43-51, 2005-06-15

Cooperative workshops have been increased because of the lack of improvement in the employmentsituation for people with disabilities. Due to welfare and labor related laws not being applicable to theseworkshops, they therefore offered various services to every kind of disabled ; however, as far as workingconditions were involved, the extremely low wages was a problem. Shiga Prefecture has played an important role by introducing a new system in work-oriented types ofworkshops, demanding not less than 1/2 the people with disabilities to be contracually employed,and triedto promote normal employment and standard wages within these workshops. Not less than 1/2 the workersreceived benefis, but in reality, the wage situation had not improved enough. In order to handle this matter, a newly established committee proposed the forming of "socialenterprises", which demanded employers to offer contractual agreements for all those disabled who areworking in these enterprises, and proposed a new subisidy system to maintain their employment feasible. These proposals may have an experimental element to them, but at the same time, have the possibilitiesto change the current situation of workshops as a whole.
著者
西内 香織 川下 維信
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:13461672)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.45-53, 2000-12-12

The certified social worker (CSW) has a wide range of spesialty. But the specialty is notnecessarily defined clearly at present. In fact newly-made qualification of care manager, whichwas introduced by the enforcement of the law of social insurance for long-term care system, hasmade it more difficult to distinguish the specialty of CSW from that of others. In specialized welfare education emphasis tends to be on passing qualifying examination forCSW rather than making a profound study of its specialty even in welfare universities wherestudents are trained as CSW. As a result, it is probable that most students will graduate fromuniversities without having what is called specialty. Considering these things mentioned above, the question which we must ask is what is thespecialty required for a CSW and how it should be, to which little attention has been given so far. This paper is intended to investigate of the specialty of CSW on the basis of the questionnairesurvey given to our welfare unversity freshmen. In other words, the aim of this paper is toexamine how the students studying welfare realize their specialty and to show how theirconsciousness of welfare is biased.A good place to start is to focus attention on the stereotypes students have about specialty ofwelfare. Here we fined out three typical ones : First, they are more interested in geriatric welfareand children's welfare and less interested in low-income bracket welfare ; secondly, they are moreinterested in direct practice ; finally, they give more weight to the practical subjects andseminars than any other subjects; The findings of this investigation also read us to explore a little further into the possibilityabout how properly we can educate students for professional CSW in the course of social welfare.
著者
長谷川 高生
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:13461672)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.42-46, 2002-12-15

In this paper I try to analyze the relationship between individual and society through the consideration on the opinions of three famous western philosophers, M.Heidegger, M.Buber and J.Ortega y Gasset. First of all, M.Heidegger shows the ontological distinction between entity (Seiendes) and being (Sein), and according to his view, the being of Dasign is 'care' (Sorge) and the meaning of the being of Desein is 'temporality'. By the direction of this 'care' , Dasein has two modes of being : unauthenicity (das Man) and autenticity (eigentliche Existenz). These modes of existence are constructed in the world, and so Dasein is called Being-in-the-world (In-der-Welt-sein). This Being-in-the-world contacts with the world of utensils (Zeuge) by 'attention' (Besorgen), and with the world of others by 'nurturance' (Fursorge). Next, M.Buber puts special interests on the relationship between subject-object through 'arts' and between subject-subject, and particularly on the relationship between I -Thou (Ich-Du) with 'love'. In his opinion, man can find mistery of God by 'religious revelation'. Thirdly, J.Ortega y Gasset starts from each one's human life which is the radical reality and consists of him and his circumstance. In this world of circumstance we find things and others. In the relation to things, we find minerals, planets and animals on the 'pragmatic fields', and in the inter-individual relationships, we 'co-live' with parents, lovers, and friends. With relation to the majority, Ortega point out the revolt of the masses in the present days.In the social life, Ortega put a special focus in the phenomenon of 'usage' (uso), impersonal, irrational, and pseudo-natural. This usage automatizes human behaviors and makes man live a creative life at an altitude of the times. The difference of these opinions on individual and society designed by three philosophers depends on the characters of their own philosophies : Heidegger's theory of being, Buber's theology and Ortega's philosophy of life.
著者
中島 友子
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:13461672)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.1, pp.1-12, 2007-06-01

Retirement communities are not yet common in Japan. The purpose of this paper is tointroduce the Covenant Shores Retirement Community on Mercer Island in Washington, USAand the lives of people living in it, and to consider what Japanese can learn from them. I stayed with an 82-year-old woman, A, in Covenant Shores for 8 days from March 15th to23rd, 2007. I observed the lives and people there. Most of the people I met were over 80 yearsold. However, they were very independent and enjoyed their own lives. Many were peervolunteers. Japanese can learn to be unique, the importance of retaining one's past way of lifeand that the elderly can help one another.
著者
佐橋 謙
出版者
近畿医療福祉大学
雑誌
近畿福祉大学紀要 (ISSN:13461672)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.1-12, 2004-06-15

Generally speaking, literacy education is required in developing countries because of poverty, war andlack of understanding for literacy etc. Afghanistan is one of the typical countries under such circumstances.The author visited the country to inspect the actual literacy education for a week in August 2003. In thispaper, the history and the social situation now are given very briefly, first. Then, the practical situation ofthe literacy education run by an NGO in Afghanistan is described. As Afghanistan is the multiracial andMoslem country, several issues that appear under those environments are discussed.