著者
大久保 いづみ
出版者
経営史学会
雑誌
経営史学 (ISSN:03869113)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.4, pp.4_25-4_51, 2015 (Released:2017-11-10)

This paper examines the influence of foreign alliances on competitive advantage in the Japanese record industry prior to World War Ⅱ. In pre-war Japan, the main industry competitors were Nihon Chikuonki Shokai (NCS), Nihon Victor Chikuonki (NVC), Nihon Polidor Chikuonki (NPC), King Record (King), Teikoku Chikuonki (Teikoku), and Dainihon Chikuonki (Dainihon). NCS and NVC had alliances with companies in the United Kingdom and the United States, while NPC and King partnered with German record companies. In contrast, Teikoku and Dainihon remained purely Japanese companies, without foreign affiliations.What benefits did the record companies receive from their foreign partnerships? And, how did the alliances influence the strategies of their counterparts?As concerns Western music recordings, the companies with foreign alliances maintained a formidable competitive advantage throughout the pre-war period. On the other hand, for recordings of Japanese music, technological disparity between firms with foreign alliances and solely Japanese firms were essntially erased, and the latter rose to competiveness with the former, especially in the so-called “ryukoka” (Japanese popular songs) market. Thus, the foreign-allied-companies were forced to focus on Japanese music more than ever, this in turn accelerated the expansion of the Japanese music records market. In this context, foreign-partnered companies, such as NCS and NVC, made important contributions to “the golden age of ryukoka”.Until the beginning of the 1930s, the keys to competitive advantage in the Japanese record industry involved the introduction of new technologies and the sale of Western music records, based on alliances with foreign companies. After the mid-1930s, however, the capability to produce and sell records of Japanese music played a larger role in determining competitive advantage within the industry.

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第二次世界大戦以前の日本レコード産業と外資提携    6 社体制の成立   大久保いづみ https://t.co/E39E3TUqZS
#エール 「船頭可愛や」がどれくらい売れたかは見つからなかったけれど、1935年くらいの日本レコード製造枚数は3千万枚弱あったらしい。思ったより多い。ただほとんどは義太夫や民謡なんかので、流行歌はそれより少なそう。 ●第二次世界大戦以前の日本レコード産業と外資提携 https://t.co/aeh387QAZZ
この論文を見ると,1914年に日本で製造された蓄音機の総生産額は126098円なので,ざっと見積もって1914年に日本で製造された蓄音機は1500台。それまでの輸入とかを考えると2万台以上あることは間違いないっぽい。https://t.co/EEfr43VxcX
博士論文https://t.co/Fdf4ckjEdI 「第二次世界大戦以前の日本レコード産業と外資提携―6社体制の成立―」(2015)https://t.co/a6KXDrKNVX その他、一橋商学論叢Vol.12 No.2に「レコード産業における後発企業の参入と成長」もあるがネットでは読めない模様。

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