著者
一言 英文 新谷 優 松見 淳子
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.3-24, 2008 (Released:2008-12-17)
参考文献数
107
被引用文献数
12 4

We tested the cross-cultural applicability of Greenberg's (1980) “Indebtedness model” in Japan and United States. We hypothesized that while the major antecedent of indebtedness is the recipient's benefit for American students, those of Japanese students is the donor's cost perceived by the recipient. University students from U.S.A. (n=151, male=47, female=104) and Japan (n=88, male=25, female=63) reported their recent experience of being aided by their families, friends, and strangers. They also rated on 75 items of questions concerning the intensities of indebtedness and other emotions they felt on receipt of aid, impression of the donor, and the amount of benefit and perceived donor's cost. Supporting our hypothesis, recipient's benefit was the major antecedent of indebtedness for American students and perceived donor's cost was the major antecedent for Japanese students. We also found positive correlation between the intensities of positive and negative emotions evoked by receiving aid, and a small amount of negative impression of the donor from one's own family only in the Japanese sample.
著者
一言 英文
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.60-69, 2015-01-01 (Released:2015-04-11)
参考文献数
48
被引用文献数
1 1

Based on the theory of cultural task analysis, and viewing self-construal as an instrumental psychological function to adapt to one's cultural context, two studies tested the hypothesis that those individuals having higher consistency between the cultural context and the self would show greater positive emotion. In study 1, I measured cultural self-construal and positive emotion using 198 American students, and showed that those with higher independent self have higher score on positive emotional experience. Further, this was especially the case for European American students. In study 2, I measured Human Relations Questionnaire that divided interdependent self into subdomains of “others focus” and “helping others” using 226 Japanese students, to show their correlations with positive emotional experience. Additionally, “others focus” was found to correlate especially with relationally engaged negative emotions, and the subdomain of “self-focus” was found to correlate with high arousal positive emotion. Cultural nature in emotion was discussed in relation to within culture, ethnic and individual differences.
著者
一言 英文
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
エモーション・スタディーズ (ISSN:21897425)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.23-28, 2015-10-01 (Released:2017-04-24)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1

I propose a cultural psychological explication to the problem of power abuse, such as school bullying. The cultural context of interdependence, which fosters sensitivity to rejection, potentiates lowered social identity with friends, encourages to be ordinary among others and cause relational concern can be a background to the indirect, obscured, and collective type of bullying in Japan. Although universal approach to the abuse of power is proven effective, understanding the nuanced, seemingly subtle shared meanings shared among the cultural members on well-being and power may also be used to understand the big picture of this long-lasting classroom problem.
著者
一言 英文
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.60-69, 2015
被引用文献数
1

Based on the theory of cultural task analysis, and viewing self-construal as an instrumental psychological function to adapt to one's cultural context, two studies tested the hypothesis that those individuals having higher consistency between the cultural context and the self would show greater positive emotion. In study 1, I measured cultural self-construal and positive emotion using 198 American students, and showed that those with higher independent self have higher score on positive emotional experience. Further, this was especially the case for European American students. In study 2, I measured Human Relations Questionnaire that divided interdependent self into subdomains of “others focus” and “helping others” using 226 Japanese students, to show their correlations with positive emotional experience. Additionally, “others focus” was found to correlate especially with relationally engaged negative emotions, and the subdomain of “self-focus” was found to correlate with high arousal positive emotion. Cultural nature in emotion was discussed in relation to within culture, ethnic and individual differences.