著者
岡野 八代 野口 久美子 合場 敬子 影山 葉子 内藤 葉子 石井 香江 牟田 和恵
出版者
同志社大学
雑誌
挑戦的萌芽研究
巻号頁・発行日
2014-04-01

本研究の成果は、歴史的に、ほとんどの社会で女性たちが担ってきたケア実践、すなわち、育児や家事、介護や看護の経験から、女性の身体性がいかに社会的に構築されてきたかを分析し、身体をめぐる脆弱性の社会的意味や女性たちの意思決定のあり方に新しい光を当てた。本研究を通じて発表された論文・著書は、これまで社会的に過小評価されるか、社会的弱者へと押しつけられがちなケア実践を再評価するために、思想的、歴史的、そして実践現場のなかで、ケア実践の意味を新たに問い返した。
著者
内藤 葉子
出版者
奈良女子大学アジア・ジェンダー文化学研究センター
雑誌
アジア・ジェンダー文化学研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, pp.35-50,

Marianne Weber (1870-1954), a women's movement activist in Imperial Germany,formed her feminist thought in a liberal intellectual environment centering on herhusband Max Weber. She learned a great deal about the German idealist, especially I.Kant and J. G. Fichte. This article examines how she considered the construction of femalesubjectivity under the influence of German idealism. She considered that the Kant's moral and political principles, i.e. the ideas of purereason, personality, duty, freedom and autonomy, could also apply to women. In thisrespect she intended to form female subjects within the framework of German liberalism. Furthermore, just like Max Weber and Georg Simmel, Marianne Weber also had akeen interest in the modernization impacted especially women's life, thought and behavior.There was a controversy over the meaning of female cultural ability and thewomen's movement between Simmel and Marianne Weber. However, since he appreciatedfemale autonomy metaphysically, she could not criticize his 'sexual-metaphysics'strongly, which denied the female objective cultural ability. As the reason for it, shecould not understand exactly the gender-bias against females inherent in liberalism andKant's philosophy. However she was also interested in Fichte's philosophy. She were focused on theinterpersonal relationship and the relationship between individuals and community inFichte's philosophy. She also applied these principles to the women's movement andthe relationship among women. On that point she found another possibility of femalesubjectification. This article demonstrates Marianne Weber's political and ethical thought understrong influence of German idealism. Her thought can be described as an expression ofstrained relations between modern liberalism and feminism.