著者
土屋 耕治
出版者
日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.70-81, 2016 (Released:2016-10-06)
参考文献数
27

本論考では,組織開発における組織診断が組織のその後の経過に与える影響について事例を用いて検討し,組織診断という働きかけがどのようなプロセスで組織の「時間」に影響を与えるかを論じた。組織開発における組織診断とは,何が,どのように起こっているのかという組織の行動と現状を組織自身が理解することを目指して行われる。組織診断とフィードバック,その後のフォローアップの事例におけるアンケートから,組織診断が組織のダイナミックスへ与える影響が考察された。具体的には,組織診断とフィードバックにより,組織の「今」をどう捉えるのかという共通認識が生成されたこと,また,フォローアップのインタビューとアンケートの結果から,組織診断後に協力的コミュニケーションの兆しが見られたことが示唆された。最後に,組織診断とその後の組織内の対話を経て,組織の時間的展望が生成され,それがモラールへ影響したという視点で今回の事例が考察された。具体的には,時間的展望の発達が個々人の主体性・能動性に繋がったという視点と,時間的展望が問題意識を共有する成員を結びつける形で協力的コミュニケーションに繋がったという視点から考察された。
著者
原田 知佳 土屋 耕治 吉田 俊和
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.1, pp.32-39, 2013

This study investigated the effect of high-level/low-level construals and deliberative/implemental mindsets on self-regulation within social settings. High- vs. low-level construals (Study 1, n=97) or deliberative vs. implemental mindsets(Study 2, n=95) were induced in participants, using previously validated priming procedures. They were then asked to complete measures about the "value" and "cost" of the behavior, "negative evaluation of temptations," and "behavioral intention" in each conflict scenario in which social self-regulation ability was required (self-assertiveness, patience, and emotion/desire inhibition scenes in social settings). The results of Study 1 showed that participants in whom high-level construals were activated had higher primary behavioral value ratings, lower evaluation of behavioral cost, and stronger intentions than their counterparts with low-level construals. No difference in negative evaluations of temptation was found. In Study 2, mindsets had no effect on the evaluation of behavior. These results indicated that the activation of high-level construals contributes to self-regulation in the context of social conflict, while deliberative/implemental mindsets had no effect on conflict behaviors within social settings.
著者
原田 知佳 土屋 耕治 吉田 俊和
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.1, pp.32-39, 2013-08-31 (Released:2017-02-24)

This study investigated the effect of high-level/low-level construals and deliberative/implemental mindsets on self-regulation within social settings. High- vs. low-level construals (Study 1, n=97) or deliberative vs. implemental mindsets(Study 2, n=95) were induced in participants, using previously validated priming procedures. They were then asked to complete measures about the "value" and "cost" of the behavior, "negative evaluation of temptations," and "behavioral intention" in each conflict scenario in which social self-regulation ability was required (self-assertiveness, patience, and emotion/desire inhibition scenes in social settings). The results of Study 1 showed that participants in whom high-level construals were activated had higher primary behavioral value ratings, lower evaluation of behavioral cost, and stronger intentions than their counterparts with low-level construals. No difference in negative evaluations of temptation was found. In Study 2, mindsets had no effect on the evaluation of behavior. These results indicated that the activation of high-level construals contributes to self-regulation in the context of social conflict, while deliberative/implemental mindsets had no effect on conflict behaviors within social settings.