著者
庄司 真理子
出版者
敬愛大学・千葉敬愛短期大学
雑誌
国際教養学論集 (ISSN:09177299)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.21-56, 1992-10

The purpose of this paper is to study the behaviors of miniinternational organizations in the face of intervention in Grenada. The four international organizations related to this case are the United Nations (UN), the Organization of American States (OAS), the Caribbean Community, the Organization of Eastern Carribean States (OECS). After World War II these two reasons to set up the mini-international organizations could be found: One was decolonization and the other was the institutionalization of international societies. In the Carribean basin, many mini-states which became independent from England could not, however, reach full independence. The various remaining colonial institutions became international organs in mini-international organizations. For example the member states of the OECS share the common organs of this international organization. Thus a political accident in one of these member states means an accident for all the member of the OECS immediately. When OECS invaded Grenada, the Caribbean Community could not take any action on it. Because some of the member states participated in invading Grenada, while the other states protested against this invasion. The OAS did not adopt any resolution, and they did not give any support to this invasion. In the UN, the majority of member states criticized this invasion, and then adopted a resolution to condemn this invasion. In the process of conflict resolution, each international organization showed different reactions. These organizations took actions based on political judgement, further they distributed their political roles. To endanger the roles of these international organizations was out of order. From the view point of a theory of International Organizations, the role of the mini-international organizations in the international conflict should be positively estimated. It would be important, however, to consider mini-international organizations in the process of conflict resolution by all the international organizations.
著者
西谷 真規子 庄司 真理子 杉田 米行 宮脇 昇 高橋 良輔 足立 研幾 大賀 哲
出版者
神戸大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2008-04-08

本研究では、国際規範の発展における規範間の競合または複合のプロセスを明らかにすることを目的とした。グローバル、リージョナル、ナショナルの各レベルにおいて、①規範的アイディアの競合や複合が、どのような制度変化をもたらすか、②多様な行為主体(国家、国際機構、市民社会、企業等)が競合または複合の過程にどのように関っているか、または、競合や複合から生じる問題をどのように調整しているか、の二点を中心的な問いとして、事例分析を行った。成果は、国際・国内学会発表や論文発表を通じて逐次公開した。最終的には、編著『国際規範の複合的発展ダイナミクス(仮題)』(ミネルヴァ書房)として近刊予定である。