- 武庫川女子大学紀要. 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:09163115)
- vol.66, pp.43-51, 2019-03-31
In the government guidelines for teaching published in March 2017, for the first time Jukendo was clearly mentioned in martial arts category of junior high school health and physical education. As Jukendo was part of military training in the pre-war days, its inclusion in school education has come under criticism.In the guidelines for teaching, the purpose of martial arts in junior high school health and physical education has been clearly described as the teaching of “the traditional acts of martial arts” and “the traditional way of thinking.” Accordingly, for Jukendo also, the major premise is that the “traditional elements” that can possibly be taught is clearly described. However, for Jukendo, a challenge is that these things have not been clearly described.This study investigates the cultural characteristics of Jukendo, to elucidate the “traditional elements” in Jukendo.During the Meiji period, Jukendo was developed by the military. The most important thing at that time, more than anything else, was its effectiveness as a technique for wounding and killing. Jukendo had been introduced and developed under the influence of “a culture that by all means devises violent techniques, and pursues mastery in it” as was prevalent in early modern times martial arts. After the war, violence that was the significance of its existence, was denounced, and Jukendo has come to be considered as a sport. However, with respect to the moral culture, it has wavered between deconstruction and reconstruction of violence.After the war, Jukendo adopted the martial arts charter that is defined as “way of forming human nature through martial arts practice.” Such martial arts concept can be established only on the basis of the moral culture of the respective arts, and it can be said that there are challenges that need to be overcome in introducing Jukendo in junior high school martial arts program, because Jukendo did not have the background of a training culture founded on moral considerations.With clear mention of Jukendo in government guidelines for teaching, it is urgently desired that deeper discussions are undertaken on suitable junior high school martial arts teaching materials for 21st century, and in particular the associated moral culture.