著者
舩戸 修一
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1999, no.12, pp.119-130, 1999

It is an undeniable fact that Nohonshugi (Japanese Agrarianism) prospered in pre-war Japan. At that time, Nohonshugi was regarded as a symbol of feudal period in Japan, that is, an ideological basis to protect the landed class. It should be noted, however, that Nohonshugi pursued to construct the ideal rural society and thus was critical of the rural society and the landed class at this time. The aim of this paper is to focus on Seikyo Gondo(1868-1937) and Kanji Kato (1884-1967), two well-known theorists of Nohonshugi, and reinterpret their Nohonshugi from the viewpoint of equalizing the rural society. In this way, it becomes clear how their Nohonshugi had an inclination to dissolve the landed class.
著者
舩戸 修一
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1999, no.12, pp.119-130, 1999-06-05 (Released:2010-04-21)
参考文献数
42

It is an undeniable fact that Nohonshugi (Japanese Agrarianism) prospered in pre-war Japan. At that time, Nohonshugi was regarded as a symbol of feudal period in Japan, that is, an ideological basis to protect the landed class. It should be noted, however, that Nohonshugi pursued to construct the ideal rural society and thus was critical of the rural society and the landed class at this time. The aim of this paper is to focus on Seikyo Gondo(1868-1937) and Kanji Kato (1884-1967), two well-known theorists of Nohonshugi, and reinterpret their Nohonshugi from the viewpoint of equalizing the rural society. In this way, it becomes clear how their Nohonshugi had an inclination to dissolve the landed class.
著者
加藤 裕治 舩戸 修一 武田 俊輔 祐成 保志
出版者
日本マス・コミュニケーション学会
雑誌
マス・コミュニケーション研究 (ISSN:13411306)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, pp.165-183, 2014-07-31 (Released:2017-10-06)
参考文献数
27

In this paper, by interviewing the TV program creators of Akarui Noson-Mura no Kiroku, a program on agricultural affairs that was broadcast on NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) from the late 1950s to early 1980s, The authors examined the transition in the approach of the program's production and the viewpoints of the creators, and analyzed the construction process for the representational model of Japan's post-war agriculture and agricultural communities. Consequently, these interviews revealed the presence of a unique mind-set held by the program creators (a "village mentality") that differs from the rest of creators at NHK, and the process of the transition of their perspectives on agriculture and agricultural communities in relation with changes of the times throughout the years they worked with agriculture and agricultural communities. Mura no Kiroku, originally in line with agricultural affairs programs, was a program with the objective of providing education on and improving agriculture and its communities. From the mid-1960s onward, however, due to the rapidly changing agricultural environments and viewer demand, it became necessary to create a program from the perspective of agriculture and its communities as victims. At the same time, food and agriculture issues in the 1970s demanded a "critical perspective on agriculture and agricultural communities" to be included in the program. But at the end, neither the victimizing nor critical perspective on agriculture and rural villages was considered suitable for the program and its viewers. The transition in the perspectives of the creators of Mura no Kiroku is a history of broadcasting that reveals the construction process for the representational model of the post-war agriculture of Japan. Furthermore, based on these considerations, This paper presents a statement to the effect that the analysis of this program can be a threshold for the reevaluation of the relations between today's agriculture and rural villages on the one hand, and the television media on the other.
著者
武田 俊輔 舩戸 修一 祐成 保志 加藤 裕治
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.97-108, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)
参考文献数
30

This paper elaborates the process of how media representation was formed around “Agricultural Communities” in Japan after the war, taking as its lead the NHK program, “Farm Programs.” Most existing studies have focused only on urban tourists' view of such communities rather than discussing the issue of representation as related to social issues like the declining acreage and depopulation that these communities have been coping with. Besides, these studies did not conduct any further analysis either of this representation or of the program's audience, which leaves untouched the question of how the representation was shaped or what kind of negotiation took place between the program's creators and their rural subjects. The present paper will elaborate on the above issues by focusing on NHK's local correspondents as mediators of communication between NHK's directors and Japan's rural society in order to illustrate new possibilities regarding the link between Regional/Rural Sociology and Media Studies.
著者
舩戸 修一
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2004, no.17, pp.132-143, 2004-08-10 (Released:2010-04-21)
参考文献数
35

Organic agriculture is farming without reliance on pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Therefore, it inherently requires the handwork of farmers and has therefore been considered as time-consuming and labor intensive. We must, however, remember that farmers are not unwilling to engage in organic farming. Organic agriculture occasionally fascinates them. This paper focuses on an organic farm in the Narita-Sanrizuka area, Jyunkan-Nohjyo (The Recycle-Based Farm) established by Hidemasa Koizumi and his wife, local farmers. By analyzing his documents and his narrative about the farm it becomes clear that organic agriculture is a movement by the farmer to restore his power to observe nature and to regain the pleasure that comes from making direct, positive contact with nature.
著者
舩戸 修一
出版者
日本村落研究学会
雑誌
村落社会研究 (ISSN:13408240)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.2, pp.31-42, 2004 (Released:2013-09-18)
参考文献数
54

Shigeru Inuta (1891-1957), a well-known writer of peasant literature, constructed Nohonshiso (Japanese Agrarianism), exhibiting his theories of its literature. However, his Nohonshiso has been disregarded for a long time. Therefore, we certainly must remember that his thought is highly suggestive. In this paper, I would like to clarify several important aspects of his Nohonshiso. Inuta started to write peasant literature from 1918. If one examines his articles, one can see he considered this literature as a self-expression of farmers. He asserted that this literature had been written from their viewpoint. He also considered this literature as an effective means to reorganize rural communities. In addition, he criticized the peasant literature written by writers of proletarian literature, because they regarded such literature as a strong tool to overthrow the government and the Tenno (Japanese Emperor) system. Inuta, that is to say, criticized that the literature they formulated did not thoroughly expressed the sense and feeling of farmers, and that it lacked the reality of agriculture and rural life. In 1938, an association of peasant literary writers and theorists, Nomin-bungaku-konwakai, was organized by the government authorities. Most of them took part in this national association of for peasant literature. Unfortunately, it played the role of a governmental agency and, in World War II, it supported Japanese Fascism. Inuta, however, did not take part in this association, because he thought that its literature should express the sense and feeling of peasants, and the reality of agriculture and rural life. He definitely did not think that it should be adjusted to national policy.
著者
舩戸 修一
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2004, no.17, pp.132-143, 2004

Organic agriculture is farming without reliance on pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Therefore, it inherently requires the handwork of farmers and has therefore been considered as time-consuming and labor intensive. We must, however, remember that farmers are not unwilling to engage in organic farming. Organic agriculture occasionally fascinates them. This paper focuses on an organic farm in the Narita-Sanrizuka area, <i>Jyunkan-Nohjyo</i> (The Recycle-Based Farm) established by Hidemasa Koizumi and his wife, local farmers. By analyzing his documents and his narrative about the farm it becomes clear that organic agriculture is a movement by the farmer to restore his power to observe nature and to regain the pleasure that comes from making direct, positive contact with nature.
著者
岩崎 正弥 三原 容子 伊藤 淳史 舩戸 修一
出版者
愛知大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2008

農本思想とは、農に特別の価値を認め、その価値を社会の中で追求・実現しようとする思想である。本研究を通して以下のことを明らかにした。1)農本思想は1945年で終息したのではなく、戦後の農村教育や農政にその一部が継承され、帰農や地域づくりにおいて現代にもその影響がみられる。2)日本固有の思考様式だったのではなく、中国の村治運動やアメリカのアグラリアニズムにも認められるように、一種の普遍性をもつ哲学であった。また「社稷」概念は現代においてこそ再評価されるべきである。