著者
鈴木 円 Madoka SUZUKI 昭和女子大学初等教育学科
出版者
光葉会
雑誌
學苑 = GAKUEN (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.892, pp.83-95, 2015-02-01

The term Spartan education, translated into Japanese as "Suparuta kyoiku" is widely used nowadays to mean "severe education." This paper reviews 12 Japanese books or articles on Spartan education published from the 1870s to the 1970s and examines how the authors have understood Spartan education and in what context they have used the term. The above materials, published from the early Meiji to post-war period, suggest that Japanese learned about the education system of ancient Sparta from Western academic sources. However, after the influential bestseller, Shintaro Ishihara's Suparuta Kyoiku(Spartan Education; A book for raising tough kids), was published, leading Japanese educators seem to have begun using the term "Suparuta kyoiku" to mean Japanese militaristic education. Historically, Western classical scholars have acknowledged the value of Spartan public education in contrast to Athenian individualistic education. However, Japanese educators seem to have failed to understand the value of Spartan education because of the change in the understanding of the term "Suparuta kyoiku." The author concludes that educators ought to have used that term with that original sense in mind.
著者
高山 泰男 鈴木 円 白野 隆史 山野井 弘充 堀 稔 田中 博 草間 薫 茂呂 周
出版者
日本大学歯学部
雑誌
The Journal of Nihon University School of Dentistry (ISSN:00290432)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.3, pp.151-158, 1990

We treated a case of adenoid cystic carcinoma that occurred in the right parotid gland of a 51-year-old woman. Although the tumor, including part of the parotid gland, was resected based on a clinical diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma, it was later diagnosed as adenoid cystic carcinoma of mixed cribriform-solid type by histopathological examination after resection. Therefore, postoperative irradiation with a dose of 51 Gy was performed.<BR>Immunohistological examination of the resected specimen showed that the profiles of carbohydrate antigens were Lewis (a<SUP>-</SUP>, b<SUP>+</SUP>) in both the tumor and surrounding normal parotid tissue. NCC-SG-007 antigen was observed in the tumor tissue but not in the normal parotid gland, suggesting that this antigen was associated with the tumor.
著者
鈴木 円 Madoka Suzuki
出版者
昭和女子大学近代文化研究所
雑誌
学苑 (ISSN:13480103)
巻号頁・発行日
no.800, pp.50-62, 2007-06

In 1972, the Japan Private High School Federation received a request from the Education Ministry to do research on the consistency of the secondary school education system. In response to this request, the Federation founded the Research Council of a Unified Lower and Upper Secondary Education System of Private Schools in 1972, and the Council submitted a report in 1973. This report was the vanguard of this kind of research, because this report brought out essential points in this kind of education system. According to the report, private schools endeavored to maintain their own specific education philosophy and the consistency of secondary education that secondary schools under the old system of education had. Therefore, private schools can enjoy the educational benefits brought about by their school ethos. It will be necessary to learn from these characteristics of private schools in order that newly established public unified secondary education schools may develop further.