Eri Toda Kato
CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort Investigators
- The Japanese Circulation Society
- Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
- pp.CJ-19-0980, (Released:2020-01-29)
Background:The effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) status on the long-term risk for heart failure (HF) in patients undergoing coronary revascularization has not been adequately evaluated.Methods and Results:In this study, 15,231 patients who underwent coronary revascularization in the CREDO-Kyoto Registry Cohort-2 were divided into 2 groups according to DM status (DM group: n=5,999; Non-DM group: n=9,232). The DM group was further divided into 2 groups according to insulin treatment (insulin-treated DM [ITDM]: n=1,353; non-insulin-treated DM [NITDM]: n=4,646). The primary outcome measure was HF hospitalization. The cumulative 5-year incidence of HF hospitalization was significantly higher in the DM than non-DM group (11.0% vs. 6.6%, respectively; log-rank P<0.0001), and in the ITDM than NITDM group (14.6% vs. 10.0%, respectively; log-rank P<0.0001). After adjusting for confounders, the increased risk of HF hospitalization with DM relative to non-DM remained significant (hazard ratio [HR] 1.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.30–1.67, P<0.0001), whereas the risk associated with ITDM relative to NITDM was not significant (HR 1.17, 95% CI 0.96–1.43, P=0.12).Conclusions:The adjusted long-term risk for HF hospitalization after coronary revascularization was significantly higher in DM than non-DM patients, regardless of revascularization strategy, but did not differ between ITDM and NITDM patients.