著者
Takahiro Yamauchi Yasuo Okumura Koichi Nagashima Ryuta Watanabe Yuki Saito Katsuaki Yokoyama Naoya Matsumoto Katsumi Miyauchi Sakiko Miyazaki Hidemori Hayashi Yuya Matsue Yuji Nishizaki Shuko Nojiri Tohru Minamino Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0318, (Released:2023-08-09)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1

Background: The HELT-E2S2score, which assigns 1 point to Hypertension, Elderly aged 75–84 years, Low body mass index <18.5 kg/m2, and Type of atrial fibrillation (AF: persistent/permanent), and 2 points to Extreme Elderly aged ≥85 years and previous Stroke, has been proposed as a new risk stratification for strokes in Japanese AF patients, but has not yet undergone external validation.Methods and Results: We evaluated the prognostic performance of the HELT-E2S2score for stroke risk stratification using 2 large-scale registries in Japanese AF patients (n=7,020). During 23,241 person-years of follow-up (mean follow-up 1,208±450 days), 287 ischemic stroke events occurred. The C-statistic using the HELT-E2S2score was 0.661 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.629–0.692), which was numerically higher than with the CHADS2score (0.644, 95% CI 0.613–0.675; P=0.15 vs. HELT-E2S2) or CHA2DS2-VASc score (0.650, 95% CI, 0.619–0.680; P=0.37 vs. HELT-E2S2). In the SAKURA AF Registry, the C-statistic of the HELT-E2S2score was consistently higher than the CHADS2and CHA2DS2-VASc scores across all 3 types of facilities comprising university hospitals, general hospitals, and clinics. However, in the RAFFINE Study, its superiority was only observed in general hospitals.Conclusions: The HELT-E2S2score demonstrated potential value for risk stratification, particularly in a super-aged society such as Japan. However, its superiority over the CHADS2or CHA2DS2-VASc scores may vary across different hospital settings.
著者
Toyonobu Tsuda Takeshi Kato Keisuke Usuda Takashi Kusayama Soichiro Usui Kenji Sakata Kenshi Hayashi Masa-aki Kawashiri Masakazu Yamagishi Masayuki Takamura Takayuki Otsuka Shinya Suzuki Akio Hirata Masato Murakami Mitsuru Takami Masaomi Kimura Hidehira Fukaya Shiro Nakahara Wataru Shimizu Yu-ki Iwasaki Hiroshi Hayashi Tomoo Harada Ikutaro Nakajima Ken Okumura Junjiroh Koyama Michifumi Tokuda Teiichi Yamane Yukihiko Momiyama Kojiro Tanimoto Kyoko Soejima Noriko Nonoguchi Koichiro Ejima Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masahide Harada Kazumasa Sonoda Masaru Inoue Koji Kumagai Hidemori Hayashi Kazuhiro Satomi Yoshinao Yazaki Yuji Watari Masaru Arai Ryuta Watanabe Katsuaki Yokoyama Naoya Matsumoto Koichi Nagashima Yasuo Okumura on behalf of the AF Ablation Frontier Registry and the Hokuriku-Plus AF Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.87, no.7, pp.939-946, 2023-06-23 (Released:2023-06-23)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
4

Background: A recent randomized trial demonstrated that catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (EF) is associated with a reduction in death or heart failure. However, the effect of catheter ablation for AF in patients with heart failure with mid-range or preserved EF is unclear.Methods and Results: We screened 899 AF patients (72.4% male, mean age 68.4 years) with heart failure and left ventricular EF ≥40% from 2 Japanese multicenter AF registries: the Atrial Fibrillation registry to Follow the long-teRm Outcomes and use of aNTIcoagulants aftER Ablation (AF Frontier Ablation Registry) as the ablation group (525 patients who underwent ablation) and the Hokuriku-Plus AF Registry as the medical therapy group (374 patients who did not undergo ablation). Propensity score matching was performed in these 2 registries to yield 106 matched patient pairs. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death and hospitalization for heart failure. At 24.6 months, the ablation group had a significantly lower incidence of the primary endpoint (hazard ratio 0.32; 95% confidence interval 0.13–0.70; P=0.004) than the medical therapy group.Conclusions: Compared with medical therapy, catheter ablation for AF in patients with heart failure and mid-range or preserved EF was associated with a significantly lower incidence of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure.
著者
Toyonobu Tsuda Takeshi Kato Keisuke Usuda Takashi Kusayama Soichiro Usui Kenji Sakata Kenshi Hayashi Masa-aki Kawashiri Masakazu Yamagishi Masayuki Takamura Takayuki Otsuka Shinya Suzuki Akio Hirata Masato Murakami Mitsuru Takami Masaomi Kimura Hidehira Fukaya Shiro Nakahara Wataru Shimizu Yu-ki Iwasaki Hiroshi Hayashi Tomoo Harada Ikutaro Nakajima Ken Okumura Junjiroh Koyama Michifumi Tokuda Teiichi Yamane Yukihiko Momiyama Kojiro Tanimoto Kyoko Soejima Noriko Nonoguchi Koichiro Ejima Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masahide Harada Kazumasa Sonoda Masaru Inoue Koji Kumagai Hidemori Hayashi Kazuhiro Satomi Yoshinao Yazaki Yuji Watari Masaru Arai Ryuta Watanabe Katsuaki Yokoyama Naoya Matsumoto Koichi Nagashima Yasuo Okumura on behalf of the AF Ablation Frontier Registry and the Hokuriku-Plus AF Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-22-0461, (Released:2022-12-02)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
4

Background: A recent randomized trial demonstrated that catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (EF) is associated with a reduction in death or heart failure. However, the effect of catheter ablation for AF in patients with heart failure with mid-range or preserved EF is unclear.Methods and Results: We screened 899 AF patients (72.4% male, mean age 68.4 years) with heart failure and left ventricular EF ≥40% from 2 Japanese multicenter AF registries: the Atrial Fibrillation registry to Follow the long-teRm Outcomes and use of aNTIcoagulants aftER Ablation (AF Frontier Ablation Registry) as the ablation group (525 patients who underwent ablation) and the Hokuriku-Plus AF Registry as the medical therapy group (374 patients who did not undergo ablation). Propensity score matching was performed in these 2 registries to yield 106 matched patient pairs. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death and hospitalization for heart failure. At 24.6 months, the ablation group had a significantly lower incidence of the primary endpoint (hazard ratio 0.32; 95% confidence interval 0.13–0.70; P=0.004) than the medical therapy group.Conclusions: Compared with medical therapy, catheter ablation for AF in patients with heart failure and mid-range or preserved EF was associated with a significantly lower incidence of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure.
著者
Toshiko Nakai Yukitoshi Ikeya Naotoshi Tsuchiya Hiroaki Mano Sayaka Kurokawa Koichi Nagashima Kimie Ohkubo Ichiro Watanabe Yasuo Okumura
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.3, pp.611-615, 2020-05-30 (Released:2020-05-30)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
1

Rate-responsive pacing is known to improve quality of life (QOL) in patients with sick sinus syndrome and chronotropic incompetence. However, the sensors for rate response include accelerometers, closed-loop stimulation (CLS), and minute ventilation sensors (MV sensors), each of which has a different mode of action. For this reason, it is important to select appropriate sensors that match the daily habits and behavioral patterns of the patient. For example, young and active patients are expected to have a rate increase when an accelerometer is used, while elderly patients and patients with a physical disability who are only able to move slowly often have a poor response to the accelerometer. MV sensors are therefore better suited to these patients. Furthermore, CLS is considered effective for patients who require an increase in heart rate when at rest, for example, patients undergoing maintenance dialysis.We describe a representative case, demonstrating the effectiveness of closed-loop stimulation in a patient with hypotension during dialysis.
著者
Yasuo Okumura Koichi Nagashima Masaru Arai Ryuta Watanabe Katsuaki Yokoyama Naoya Matsumoto Takayuki Otsuka Shinya Suzuki Akio Hirata Masato Murakami Mitsuru Takami Masaomi Kimura Hidehira Fukaya Shiro Nakahara Takeshi Kato Wataru Shimizu Yu-ki Iwasaki Hiroshi Hayashi Tomoo Harada Ikutaro Nakajima Ken Okumura Junjiroh Koyama Michifumi Tokuda Teiichi Yamane Yukihiko Momiyama Kojiro Tanimoto Kyoko Soejima Noriko Nonoguchi Koichiro Ejima Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masahide Harada Kazumasa Sonoda Masaru Inoue Koji Kumagai Hidemori Hayashi Kazuhiro Satomi Yoshinao Yazaki Yuji Watari on behalf of the AF Ablation Frontier Registry
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0602, (Released:2019-10-16)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
15

Background:The safety of discontinuing oral anticoagulant (OAC) after ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) in Japanese patients has not been clarified.Methods and Results:A study based on the Atrial Fibrillation registry to Follow the long-teRm Outcomes and use of aNTIcoagulants aftER Ablation (AF Frontier Ablation Registry) was conducted. Data were collected from 3,451 consecutive patients (74.1% men; age, 63.3±10.3 years) who had undergone AF ablation at any of 24 cardiovascular centers in Japan between August 2011 and July 2017. During a 20.7-month follow-up period, OAC therapy was discontinued in 1,836 (53.2%) patients; 51 patients (1.5%) suffered a stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA), 71 (2.1%) suffered major bleeding, and 36 (1.0%) died. Patients in whom OAC therapy was discontinued were significantly younger than those in whom OACs were continued, and their CHA2DS2-VASc scores were significantly lower. The incidences of stroke/TIA, major bleeding, and death were significantly lower among these patients. Upon multivariate adjustment, stroke events were independently associated with relatively high baseline CHA2DS2-VASc scores but not with OAC status.Conclusions:Although the incidences of stroke/TIA, major bleeding, and death were relatively low among patients for whom OAC therapy was discontinued, stroke/TIA occurrence was strongly associated with a high baseline stroke risk rather than with OAC status. Thus, discontinuation of OAC therapy requires careful consideration, especially in patients with a high baseline stroke risk.
著者
Yuki Saito Mahoto Kato Koichi Nagashima Koyuru Monno Yoshihiro Aizawa Yasuo Okumura Naoki Matsumoto Mitsuhiko Moriyama Atsushi Hirayama
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.7, pp.1822-1829, 2018-06-25 (Released:2018-06-25)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
18 42

Background:Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is often accompanied by liver congestion through increased right atrial pressure (RAP). Liver stiffness (LS) assessed non-invasively using transient elastography is related to increased RAP and liver congestion in patients with general HF. We investigated the relationship of LS with clinical and echocardiographic variables and outcomes in patients with ADHF.Methods and Results:The subjects were 105 patients with ADHF admitted to hospital between October 2016 and June 2017. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on median LS at admission (low LS <8.8 kPa [n=52] vs. high LS ≥8.8 kPa [n=53]). Death from cardiovascular disease and readmission for HF were primary endpoints. Total bilirubin and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase levels, MELD-XI score, diameters of the inferior vena cava and right ventricle, and severity of tricuspid regurgitation were greater in the high LS group (all P<0.05). During a median (interquartile range) follow-up period of 153 (83–231) days, cardiac events occurred in 29 patients (54%) in the high LS group and in 13 (25%) in the low LS group (P=0.001). After adjusting for variables that influence organ congestion, a high LS ≥8.8 kPa was still significantly associated with cardiac events (all P<0.05).Conclusions:Increased LS measured by transient elastography reflects RAP elevation, hepatic congestion, and hepatic dysfunction. LS upon admission may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with ADHF.
著者
Yasuo Okumura Koichi Nagashima Masaru Arai Ryuta Watanabe Katsuaki Yokoyama Naoya Matsumoto Takayuki Otsuka Shinya Suzuki Akio Hirata Masato Murakami Mitsuru Takami Masaomi Kimura Hidehira Fukaya Shiro Nakahara Takeshi Kato Wataru Shimizu Yu-ki Iwasaki Hiroshi Hayashi Tomoo Harada Ikutaro Nakajima Ken Okumura Junjiroh Koyama Michifumi Tokuda Teiichi Yamane Yukihiko Momiyama Kojiro Tanimoto Kyoko Soejima Noriko Nonoguchi Koichiro Ejima Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masahide Harada Kazumasa Sonoda Masaru Inoue Koji Kumagai Hidemori Hayashi Kazuhiro Satomi Yoshinao Yazaki Yuji Watari on behalf of the AF Ablation Frontier Registry
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.12, pp.2418-2427, 2019-11-25 (Released:2019-11-25)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
15

Background:The safety of discontinuing oral anticoagulant (OAC) after ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) in Japanese patients has not been clarified.Methods and Results:A study based on the Atrial Fibrillation registry to Follow the long-teRm Outcomes and use of aNTIcoagulants aftER Ablation (AF Frontier Ablation Registry) was conducted. Data were collected from 3,451 consecutive patients (74.1% men; age, 63.3±10.3 years) who had undergone AF ablation at any of 24 cardiovascular centers in Japan between August 2011 and July 2017. During a 20.7-month follow-up period, OAC therapy was discontinued in 1,836 (53.2%) patients; 51 patients (1.5%) suffered a stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA), 71 (2.1%) suffered major bleeding, and 36 (1.0%) died. Patients in whom OAC therapy was discontinued were significantly younger than those in whom OACs were continued, and their CHA2DS2-VASc scores were significantly lower. The incidences of stroke/TIA, major bleeding, and death were significantly lower among these patients. Upon multivariate adjustment, stroke events were independently associated with relatively high baseline CHA2DS2-VASc scores but not with OAC status.Conclusions:Although the incidences of stroke/TIA, major bleeding, and death were relatively low among patients for whom OAC therapy was discontinued, stroke/TIA occurrence was strongly associated with a high baseline stroke risk rather than with OAC status. Thus, discontinuation of OAC therapy requires careful consideration, especially in patients with a high baseline stroke risk.
著者
Ichiro Watanabe Yasuo Okumura Rikitake Kogawa Naoko Sasaki Kimie Ohkubo Masayoshi Kofune Koichi Nagashima Kazumasa Sonoda Hiroaki Mano Atsushi Hirayama
出版者
一般社団法人 インターナショナル・ハート・ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.6, pp.375-382, 2012 (Released:2012-12-18)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
1 4

Catheter ablation of persistent/long-persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) has been shown to be less effective by pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and additional left atrial (LA) complex fractionated atrial electrograms and long linear lesions are often required. Recent reports have demonstrated right atrial (RA) ablation increases the success rate of maintaining sinus rhythm in persistent/long-persistent AF. The aim of this study was to investigate whether effective RA linear lesions can terminate AF and render it noninducible in a canine model of rapid atrial pacing-induced sustained AF. Sustained AF was induced by rapid atrial pacing in 20 dogs. AF duration was 21-126 days (median, 50 days). Four RA linear lesions (superior vena cava-inferior vena cava, septal line, transverse line, and cavo-tricuspid line) were created with the use of 1 of 3 different ablation catheters (large-tip [8-mm tip], coil-tip, and cooled-tip catheters). AF was terminated with the large-tip catheter in 4/7 dogs (1 dog died of ventricular fibrillation [VF]), with the coil-tip catheter in 3/7 dogs (1 dog died of VF), and with the cooled-tip catheter in 1/6 dogs. In 6 dogs in which AF could not be terminated acutely by RA ablation, AF terminated spontaneously at 7-78 days (median, 14 days) after ablation. RA linear ablation terminated AF with limited success in our dog model of rapid atrial pacing-induced AF, but late AF termination was noted in the surviving dogs. Therefore, RA linear lesions in addition to the PVI and LA lesions may have additional effects on the catheter ablation for the persistent AF.