著者
中西 大輔
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.2, pp.193-207, 2004-02-27

This study explored confusion between liking and loving. Rubin (1970) showed that males do not distinguish liking and loving toward their partner in a romantic relationship, while females do. The adaptationist perspective, however, predicts the opposite pattern for males and females who are not yet involved in a romantic relationship. To test the prediction, in this experiment, mutually unknown opposite sex dyads jointly engaged in a problem solving task and then assessed their partner with Rubin's love/like scale. The results indicated that the correlation between liking and loving was higher among females than males. Therefore, the adaptationist prediction was supported. Implications of the present study and possible future research topics are discussed.
著者
野村 浩也
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.1, pp.211-233, 2001-09-28

This paper discusses the danger involved in the declaration by Okinawans themselves that "Okinawans are also aggressors". The question of whether Okinawans are aggressors or not is first and foremost completely irrelevant. The reality lies in the fact that the problem surrounding Japanese aggression is difficult one to budge. Nonetheless, many Japanese have read this declaration as an opportunity to lighten their own sense of responsibility. This is the first danger that I would like to point out. The second danger is that many Japanese read this declaration as one which does not question their own responsibility as aggressors. The logic behind this is, "not only are Japanese aggressors, but so are Okinawans". The reason for this is that the word victim is completely missing, and the fact that Japanese should take responsibility is not even questioned. This is the politics involved in the making of an accomplice. In other words, the allegation that "Okinawans are also aggressors" holds the danger of evoking a political effect which blurs and ignores Japanese responsibility. In this paper, I will analyze the text of one Japanese sociologist to examine this problem.
著者
狩谷 あゆみ
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.1, pp.41-62, 1999-09-30

The number of homeless people has been increasing rapidly in Japan under the recent economic depression. Most of them finally come to a big city and choose to stay there, because they can find a black market to supply daily employment to them there. This black market is called "Yoseba" in Japanese and big cities in Japan normally have one. Kobe city, one of the biggest cities in Japan, suffered the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995. Those who lost their residences pitched camp in school yards and parks. However, homeless people could not join them easily, because they had not belonged to local communities before the earthquake. In 1995, a non-government organization was founded to support homeless people in Kobe. They negotiated with the administration of Kobe city several times until now. In this paper, I take a look at scenes of these negotiations carefully and make clear what kind of social problem is raised by the negotiations. It should be doubted that reality of homeles people which must be most important is taken into account by both sides of the negotiation.
著者
森川 潤
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.1, pp.I-XXIX, 1999-09-30

Aus Anlaβ des Erlasses der konstitutionellen Regierungsform vom Jahre 1875 zeigt sich einige Vorzeichen der 'Neigung zum Deutschland'. Nachstes Jahr Fordert der Auβenministerium, einen Rechtsberater aus Deutschland zu berufen. Im Jahre 1880 vorschlagt der Staatsrat Kaoru Inouye Kowashi Inouye, die Untersuchungsreise nach Deutschland zu machen. Die Aufgabe dieser Studie ist aufzuklaren, wie die 'Neigung zum Deutschland' im Prozeβ zum Staatsstreich vom Jahre 1881 Fortschritte macht. Dabei kann man nicht das Wesen des Kowashi Inouyes ubersehen, der seit seinem Besuch in Deutschland vom Jahre 1872 beabsichtigt, den Rechtsgrundsatz der vom preuβischen Konig autorisierten Verfassung nach Japan zu verpflanzen.
著者
坂井 信之 今田 純雄
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.1, pp.41-66, 1998-09-30
被引用文献数
4

This article is one of series that review psychological studies about eating behavior in humans and animals. In this paper, the role of olfaction on the food selection in humans and animals were reviewed. In our daily use of the words, the word "taste (A-JI)" includes both of the sensation that is arisen from the taste receptors on the mouth and of the sensation arisen from the olfactory receptors on the nasal cavity. We humans sometimes experience "The taste (A-JI) of the food is changed by the respiratory infection." It is known that this change of taste is come from the change of odor perception. Thus, we can not distinguish the taste sensation from the odor sensation. The negative and positive experience to the food changes the hedonics of the "taste (A-JI)" of that food. Some studies in cognitive psychology and psychophysiology suggest that the olfactory hedonics is ready to associate with the emotional memory and that the taste hedonics is innate and robust. The authors suggest that the change of the hedonics of "taste (A-JI)" after some experiences stems from the change of the hedonics of odor. The olfactory experiment in eating behavior have not been documented well. The studies about the hedonics and its changes of the olfactory perception in eating behavior seem to be needed more.
著者
今田 純雄 鈴木 千尋
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.2, pp.285-302, 2000-03-10

People differ widely in their reasons for drinking. This article reports on the development of a six-factor measure that assesses four enhancement and two suppression motives for alcohol drinking in adult male drinkers. Apart from the three traditionally accepted motives-social, coping and enhancement-sensory/cognitive pleasures were evaluated as further motives for the use of alcohol. Also, two distinctly different motives were shown to explain the suppression of the wish to drink. Comparison of undergraduate students with male adults showed different patterns of the motivational bases of alcohol use across two groups. Young people tend to drink for social and enhancement motives, although male adults use alcohol to cope with negative emotion and to gain sensory/cognitive pleasure. Data gained from female students suggests the sex difference as the causative factor in their suppression of drinking, when compared with males. These findings indicate the importance of taking into account these different motives to explain drinking behavior in natural settings.
著者
池田 昌恵 中根 光敏
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, no.1, pp.1-20, 2006-09-30
著者
熊谷 次紘
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.2, pp.147-171, 2008-02-28
著者
田崎 慎治 今田 純雄
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.1, pp.17-37, 2004-09-30
被引用文献数
1

本研究では,健常な大学生男女を対象に,自尊感情と痩身願望の関係について調査を行い,また,特性不安,BMI,体重変動,主観的健康感尺度の下位尺度である心理的安定感,意欲,体調および生活行動習慣,日本語版DEBQ(短縮版)の下位尺度である抑制的摂食傾向,情動的摂食傾向,外発的摂食傾向の各変数間の関係についても同時に調査を行った。その結果,女性においてはこれまでの研究と同様に,自尊感情が低いほど痩身願望が高いという,負の相関関係がみられ,さらに男性についても同様に負の相関関係がみられた。また,自尊感情と特性不安との間に有意な相関がみられるなど,これまでの知見を支持する結果であった。男性において自尊感情と痩身願望との間に負の相関関係がみられたことは,これまでの研究とは逆の結果であった。これは,時代の変化によるものと,日本と欧米の文化の差による,理想とする体型の違いであるということが考えられる。本研究において,女性では痩身願望と抑制的摂食傾向との間に有意な相関がみられ,男性では痩身願望と食行動傾向との間に有意な相関はみられなかった。このことは,男性と女性ではダイエット行動に違いがあるということを示唆している。すなわち,女性はダイエットをするとき食事の摂取量を抑制するという方法をとるが,男性は例えば運動をするなど,別の方法をとるということが考えられる。また,女性において体重の変動と痩身願望や食行動傾向などとの間に相関関係はみられなかった。女性の体重や体型に対する関心は非常に高いものであると考えられるので,この結果は矛盾したものであると考えられる。この点については更なる研究が必要である。本研究では被調査者の数が男性21名,女性66名と少なかったので,男女間の直接的な比較は困難であると判断した。また,得られたデータの信頼性,安定性という点についても問題がある。今後は,より多くのサンプルを集め,男女間の直接的な比較を行い,さらに自尊感情と痩身願望との因果関係を明らかにすることが必要であろう。
著者
森川 潤
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.2, pp.I-XXXVI, 2000-03-10

Im Marz 1881 reicht der Staatsrat Shigenobu Ohkuma einen Entwurfu uber die Begrundung des Parlaments dem Minister Sanetomi Sanjo ein. Der Entwurf fordert die Begrundung des Parlaments bis 1883 und die Einfuhrung des englischen Kabinettswesens fordert. Aus Anlaβ dieses radikalen Entwurf wird die Dajokan-Regierung erzwungen, das Kabinett entweder auf englische oder preussische Art zu wahlen. Durch den Coup d'Etat des Oktobers wird die sogenannte Ohkuma-Gruppe aus der Dajokan-Regierung ausgerottet. Dahinter manovriert ein Taktiker Kowashi Inouye, der die Einfuhrung des preussischen Konstitutionalismus behauptet. Im Prozeβ zum Coup d'Etat des Jahres 1881 fangt die Reform der Universitat Tokio an, und der Verein fur deutschen Wissenschaften wird gegruendet. Die Aufgabe dieses Aufsatzes ist, die politische Absicht dieser Bewegung aufzuklaren.
著者
滝浦 孝之
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.1, pp.347-379, 2007-09-30
被引用文献数
1 2
著者
東 晧傳
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.1, pp.301-330, 1998-09-30

There is a bridge name called 'Muma' in Toyohira Town, Hiroshima, which motivated me to look into the spread of the metropolitan culture to local areas. It is interesting to note that names of both 'Muma' and 'Uma' coexist in the same regions. Therefore, it is my assumption that in the medieval period horses in eastern Japan were introduced with great force to western Japan which was growing as a cow-centered livestock area along with the development of its regional economy, and that 'Muma' was affectd by 'u' of ushi (means cow in Japanese), thus assimilating to 'Uma'. On the other hand, this seems quite natural, because the spoken language of 'u' etc. was more prevalent than the written language of 'mu' etc. in the premodern society. However, more extensive research is necessary to further analyze 'Muma' and 'Uma' in the regions concerned.