著者
中西 大輔
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.2, pp.193-207, 2004-02-27

This study explored confusion between liking and loving. Rubin (1970) showed that males do not distinguish liking and loving toward their partner in a romantic relationship, while females do. The adaptationist perspective, however, predicts the opposite pattern for males and females who are not yet involved in a romantic relationship. To test the prediction, in this experiment, mutually unknown opposite sex dyads jointly engaged in a problem solving task and then assessed their partner with Rubin's love/like scale. The results indicated that the correlation between liking and loving was higher among females than males. Therefore, the adaptationist prediction was supported. Implications of the present study and possible future research topics are discussed.
著者
野村 浩也
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.1, pp.211-233, 2001-09-28

This paper discusses the danger involved in the declaration by Okinawans themselves that "Okinawans are also aggressors". The question of whether Okinawans are aggressors or not is first and foremost completely irrelevant. The reality lies in the fact that the problem surrounding Japanese aggression is difficult one to budge. Nonetheless, many Japanese have read this declaration as an opportunity to lighten their own sense of responsibility. This is the first danger that I would like to point out. The second danger is that many Japanese read this declaration as one which does not question their own responsibility as aggressors. The logic behind this is, "not only are Japanese aggressors, but so are Okinawans". The reason for this is that the word victim is completely missing, and the fact that Japanese should take responsibility is not even questioned. This is the politics involved in the making of an accomplice. In other words, the allegation that "Okinawans are also aggressors" holds the danger of evoking a political effect which blurs and ignores Japanese responsibility. In this paper, I will analyze the text of one Japanese sociologist to examine this problem.
著者
狩谷 あゆみ
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.1, pp.41-62, 1999-09-30

The number of homeless people has been increasing rapidly in Japan under the recent economic depression. Most of them finally come to a big city and choose to stay there, because they can find a black market to supply daily employment to them there. This black market is called "Yoseba" in Japanese and big cities in Japan normally have one. Kobe city, one of the biggest cities in Japan, suffered the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995. Those who lost their residences pitched camp in school yards and parks. However, homeless people could not join them easily, because they had not belonged to local communities before the earthquake. In 1995, a non-government organization was founded to support homeless people in Kobe. They negotiated with the administration of Kobe city several times until now. In this paper, I take a look at scenes of these negotiations carefully and make clear what kind of social problem is raised by the negotiations. It should be doubted that reality of homeles people which must be most important is taken into account by both sides of the negotiation.
著者
森川 潤
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.1, pp.I-XXIX, 1999-09-30

Aus Anlaβ des Erlasses der konstitutionellen Regierungsform vom Jahre 1875 zeigt sich einige Vorzeichen der 'Neigung zum Deutschland'. Nachstes Jahr Fordert der Auβenministerium, einen Rechtsberater aus Deutschland zu berufen. Im Jahre 1880 vorschlagt der Staatsrat Kaoru Inouye Kowashi Inouye, die Untersuchungsreise nach Deutschland zu machen. Die Aufgabe dieser Studie ist aufzuklaren, wie die 'Neigung zum Deutschland' im Prozeβ zum Staatsstreich vom Jahre 1881 Fortschritte macht. Dabei kann man nicht das Wesen des Kowashi Inouyes ubersehen, der seit seinem Besuch in Deutschland vom Jahre 1872 beabsichtigt, den Rechtsgrundsatz der vom preuβischen Konig autorisierten Verfassung nach Japan zu verpflanzen.
著者
坂井 信之 今田 純雄
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.1, pp.41-66, 1998-09-30
被引用文献数
4

This article is one of series that review psychological studies about eating behavior in humans and animals. In this paper, the role of olfaction on the food selection in humans and animals were reviewed. In our daily use of the words, the word "taste (A-JI)" includes both of the sensation that is arisen from the taste receptors on the mouth and of the sensation arisen from the olfactory receptors on the nasal cavity. We humans sometimes experience "The taste (A-JI) of the food is changed by the respiratory infection." It is known that this change of taste is come from the change of odor perception. Thus, we can not distinguish the taste sensation from the odor sensation. The negative and positive experience to the food changes the hedonics of the "taste (A-JI)" of that food. Some studies in cognitive psychology and psychophysiology suggest that the olfactory hedonics is ready to associate with the emotional memory and that the taste hedonics is innate and robust. The authors suggest that the change of the hedonics of "taste (A-JI)" after some experiences stems from the change of the hedonics of odor. The olfactory experiment in eating behavior have not been documented well. The studies about the hedonics and its changes of the olfactory perception in eating behavior seem to be needed more.
著者
今田 純雄 鈴木 千尋
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.2, pp.285-302, 2000-03-10

People differ widely in their reasons for drinking. This article reports on the development of a six-factor measure that assesses four enhancement and two suppression motives for alcohol drinking in adult male drinkers. Apart from the three traditionally accepted motives-social, coping and enhancement-sensory/cognitive pleasures were evaluated as further motives for the use of alcohol. Also, two distinctly different motives were shown to explain the suppression of the wish to drink. Comparison of undergraduate students with male adults showed different patterns of the motivational bases of alcohol use across two groups. Young people tend to drink for social and enhancement motives, although male adults use alcohol to cope with negative emotion and to gain sensory/cognitive pleasure. Data gained from female students suggests the sex difference as the causative factor in their suppression of drinking, when compared with males. These findings indicate the importance of taking into account these different motives to explain drinking behavior in natural settings.
著者
池田 昌恵 中根 光敏
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, no.1, pp.1-20, 2006-09-30
著者
熊谷 次紘
出版者
広島修道大学
雑誌
広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.2, pp.147-171, 2008-02-28