- 広島修大論集. 人文編 (ISSN:03875873)
- vol.40, no.1, pp.41-62, 1999-09-30
The number of homeless people has been increasing rapidly in Japan under the recent economic depression. Most of them finally come to a big city and choose to stay there, because they can find a black market to supply daily employment to them there. This black market is called "Yoseba" in Japanese and big cities in Japan normally have one. Kobe city, one of the biggest cities in Japan, suffered the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995. Those who lost their residences pitched camp in school yards and parks. However, homeless people could not join them easily, because they had not belonged to local communities before the earthquake. In 1995, a non-government organization was founded to support homeless people in Kobe. They negotiated with the administration of Kobe city several times until now. In this paper, I take a look at scenes of these negotiations carefully and make clear what kind of social problem is raised by the negotiations. It should be doubted that reality of homeles people which must be most important is taken into account by both sides of the negotiation.