著者
宮野 勝
出版者
中央大学出版部
雑誌
中央大学社会科学研究所年報 (ISSN:13432125)
巻号頁・発行日
no.21, pp.21-42, 2016

We examined political trust in Japan, especially, politician trust through two Internet surveys in 2015 and 2016. We tried to measure politician trust by three slightly different approaches: ANES type questionnaire, WVS type questionnaire, and Anchoring Vignettes type questionnaire. First, we showed that politician trust is low irrespectable of the questionnaire type. Second, our data suggested that politician trust is lower than government trust and system trust. Third, we searched the explanation for politician mistrust and found that income level and media use besides several subjective variables have substantive correlations with politician trust. The causal order among these variables is not yet clarified.
著者
塚越 健司
出版者
中央大学出版部
雑誌
中央大学社会科学研究所年報 (ISSN:13432125)
巻号頁・発行日
no.21, pp.259-275, 2016

In this paper, we consider the activities of hacker's social movement through the history of hacker culture and philosophy in modern times. Some social movements of contemporary hackers are called hactivism, but if hactivism aims for social reform, people's support needs to be acquired it. Therefore, this paper considers the principle of winning the trust of citizens from the viewpoint of "justness and legitimacy" according to the theory of Giddens and Max Weber. Futhermore, through consideration of Wikileaks and bitcoin, we point out that there are many problems in hactivism.
著者
星野 智
出版者
中央大学出版部
雑誌
中央大学社会科学研究所年報 (ISSN:13432125)
巻号頁・発行日
no.20, pp.1-14, 2015

Recently many asylum seekers from Syria moved toward European countries, especially, Germany and applied for refugee status. According to the German ministry of Internal Affairs, the number of asylum seekers that entered into Germany in 2015 amounts to 1.1 million. But on the other hand, new right-wing populist party supported by many people who object to entering refugee is rising in Germany. It is the Alternative für Deutschland (AfD). This article aims at reviewing the rise of right-wing populist parties in Germany from the post World War Ⅱ period to the present. Particularly we intend to focus on the the rise and its internal fragmentation of AfD.
著者
北原 零未
出版者
中央大学出版部
雑誌
中央大学社会科学研究所年報 (ISSN:13432125)
巻号頁・発行日
no.21, pp.243-257, 2016

It is natural to use separate suanames after getting married in many countries in the world. In Japan, however, they must choose single-surname(family name of a man or a woman )if they want to marry. So if they want to retain their surnames, they have no other choise but to get "de facto marriage"(common-law marriage). This paper observes why not allowed all people to retain their surnames after getting married in Japan, and, in France, the right of a married couple to use different surnames is normal ?