著者
董 伊莎
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.67-84, 2016-11-30

東アジアの思想と構造The first Goryō-e ceremony (a ceremony held to appease evil gods and the spirits of the dead) was held during the Heian period in 863. Subsequent Goryō-e ceremonies underwent significant changes, eventually resulting in the spirit that was the focus of ritual appeasement in the original Goryō-e being replaced by a new spirit known as Ekijin. There has been much previous research looking at the origins of this change. This work looks at a possible link between the Chinese deity known as Karakami, mentioned in the Shunki, and the Japanese deity Ekijin. From this link it can be seen that Ekijin was originally a foreign deity. Also, after an examination of records from the Nara to Heian periods, it can be seen that the concept of plagues introduced during the Tenpyō period from foreign sources deeply influenced Japanese beliefs surrounding plague and the Goryō-e ceremony. The new beliefs imported from China share a common concept with that of the original Goryō-e ceremony, namely the idea of rei. This provided a basis for the acceptance of the new foreign beliefs, which eventually resulted in Ekijin becoming the main subject of appeasement. In conclusion, foreign ideas about plague influenced not only ideas about Ekijin, but were also assimilated into the Goryō-e belief system.
著者
張 麗山
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.191-208, 2013-01-31

This paper examines the origin of belief in Tugong from Zhongliu(the god of earth) and the earth taboo. It also considers the relationship between Tugong and Taisui, which is regarded as the deity of the earth taboo in later ages. The belief in Zhongliu originated from an ancient belief in the earth, but it became an abstract concept under the influence of wuxing. On the other hand, the earth taboo can be traced back to the yueling (rules for farming), which were mystified by the ying-yang principle and wuxing. Also, the origin of belief in Tugong was closely related to the popularity of chenwei (mythical thought) and witchcraft. The original character of belief in Taisui was about direction rather than the earth taboo.
著者
西廼 安寿未
出版者
関西大学英米文学英語学会
雑誌
英米文學英語學論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.167-191, 2014-03-20

<2013年度 優秀卒業論文>〔Disinguished graduate these〕
著者
西廼 安寿未
出版者
関西大学英米文学英語学会
雑誌
英米文学英語学論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.167-191, 2014-03-20

<2013年度 優秀卒業論文>〔Disinguished graduate these〕石垣恒教授追悼号
著者
任 夢渓
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.99-111, 2015-02-28

When speaking of Confucian thought on women, words like “男尊女卑”(Manis superior to woman)and “三従四徳”(Three Obediences and Four Virtues)might be recalled immediately. They are regarded as the feudal dross thatoppressed Chinese women for three thousand years. For example, ChenDongyuan (1902-1978)once said that it was “男尊女卑” that made womenbecome the slaves and toys of men, and that was the product of Confucianism.However, such opinion was born in the context of social revolution, and usingthe modern concept to judge the values of old times is prejudiced, in myperspective. Therefore, this paper will discuss Confucian thought on womenwritten in the Book of Rites (『礼記』), which is considered to be the beginningof girls’ education, to learn the creed of Confucianism on teaching women at thatearly period.
著者
孫 東芳
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.217-232, 2017-11-30

Shimoda Utako (1852-1936) and Tsuda Umeko (1864-1929) were pioneers and important representatives of Japanese women's education in the Meiji and Taisho eras. Both women were engaged in numerous educational activities, including writing and teaching. However both differed greatly in their styles. Shimoda Utako and Tsuda Umeko established 'Jissen Girls' School' (now Jissen Women's University) and 'Joshi Eigaku Juku' (now Tsuda University) respectively. Based on these two schools' educational principles and their process of establishment, this dissertation will compare the educational policies put forth by the Meiji government with the changes of thinking relating to social education, in order to investigate the relationship between women's education and the Meiji government. Namely, it will assess the degree of participation and the impact of the Meiji government on these two female educators' development and their educational causes. The relationship between these two female educators and the Meiji state shall also be analyzed. This dissertation will focus on the early period of the establishment of schools (the late 19th century), when female educators generally complied with the needs of the Meiji state.
著者
黄 逸
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.319-336, 2017-11-30

Japanese research on the Iwakura Mission can be divided into two stages, namely that of pre and post Second World War. The work of the pre-war period focused on the two fields of diplomatic and economic history. The post-war period has shown much more diversification and internationalization, especially in the field of comparative history of thought and cultures. Research into the Burlingame Mission to the late Qing China began in the United States, and also included the results of Japanese scholars. Research into the history of China-US relations undertaken in the People's Republic of China have also born fruit. Chinese scholars have made achievements building upon the work of their American counterparts. Recently a new "shared history" approach, aimed at reinterpreting the history of China-US relations has attempted to provide a completely new and transnational historical approach to the study of the Burlingame Mission. This paper will investigate the various secondary literature on both the Iwakura and Burlingame Missions in order to understand the historical development of research in this area.
著者
黄 逸
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.85-98, 2016-11-30

東アジアの思想と構造It is generally considered that the eastward expansion of German influence in Japan began in the Edo period. The Japanese first became aware of Germany through the introduction of Rangaku studies ("Dutch Learning"). At that time, German doctors, through their exchange with their Japanese counterparts,popularized the accomplishments of western medicine that had been developing since the European Renaissance. The Japanese who studied Dutch learning in order to learn western medicine, may have also been exposed to the German language through Dutch language texts. Dutch Learning in the Edo Period notonly promoted the development of modern western medicine in Japan at the time, but also laid the foundations for the introduction of German science during the Bakumatsu and early Meiji periods. This paper discusses the early process of cultural interaction between Japan and Germany in the Edo Period based on Dutch Learning, in order to demonstrate the influence of German scholarship on the modernization of Japan.
著者
田邉 咲智
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 : journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.51-71, 2018-11-30

This research is a consideration of the early works of the modern Japanesestyle painter, Hishida Shunsō (1874-1911), who played an active part in the Meiji era art scene. Particular emphasis will be placed on the works of Shunsō, who was enrolled in Tokyo Bijutsu Gakko (Tokyo School of Fine Arts). Previous research on Shunsō has mainly focused on two areas: on moro-tai painting techniques and the study of the artist's later works. In particular, a focus on moro-tai painting techniques forms the basis of most of the research conducted on Shunsō. Because of this, Shunsō's early works have been largely ignored. In this paper, the education that Shunsō received at Tokyo Bijutsu Gakko, and an analysis of his early works, are therefore afforded much consideration in this paper. For instance, the ideals of Okakura Tenshin (kakuzō) (1863-1913), who served as the principal of Tokyo Bijutsu Gakko at that time, are analyzed. From these considerations, the intention of Shunso's early works becomes clear.
著者
黄 心宜
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 : journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.203-224, 2019-11-30

Apparently at the same time as Japan ruled Taiwan, Shinto was simultaneously being introduced. Taiwanese however did not follow Shintoism. To them a shrine had a political reason rather than a religious one. Due to that fact the concept of a shrine being a locum for the Gods was not progressing well. The concept lacked strength anyway, because Taiwanese followed their own traditional religion anyway. The historical experience is different and there are also considerable differences as to the opinion of the architectural style during the Japanese regime. The perspective of the controversy of Tsutomu Shrine as presented in this essay suggests that colonial cultural assets are still under the development. The promotion of a cultural property protection only suggested from the legal aspect isn't sufficient. In the future a new approach incorporating the education and research is likely to be necessary.
著者
村上 敬
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.65-82, 2015-11-01

Research about Japanese paintings from after the mid-Edo period has recently been criticized as valuing Western culture over and above Chinese culture. At the root of the problem lies a dichotomy between Japan as being leader of Asia and the West in the two-dimensional world view of early modern Japan. Such criticism can be aimed at research about Maruyama Ōkyo, who was one of the most representative painters of Edo period Japan. In this paper I discuss Konoe Iehiro, who was a court noble with indirect ties to Ōkyo and who was also fond of the latest Chinese imports at that time. He imported the latest Chinese paintings from the Ryukyu islands, predating the arrival in Japan of Shen Quran. I elucidate the fact that Ōkyo was supported by Iehiro’s salons that recognized the importance of replications of paintings by Sun Yi and others. Just prior to Ōkyo’s birth, there was a revival of the Song and Yuan periods’ painting style. As a result, Shen Quan came to Japan, creating the foundation upon which the shasei-ga of Ōkyo could be accepted by the art world of that time. In other words, an interest in and understanding of paintings from a variety of regions already existing in Kyoto in the middle of the Edo period does not readily fit within today’s accepted framework of Japanese art history.
著者
梁 紫蘇
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.379-389, 2013-01-31

Shibusawa Eiichi (1840-1931), arguably the most famous entrepreneur of modern Japan, lived through four epochal periods of Japanese history: the end of the Tokugawa, the Meiji, Taisho, and first years of the Showa eras. Shibusawa played a decisive role in a number of fields in the modernization of Japan, including politics, economics, culture, and social welfare. In the wave of modernization that swept Asia in the early nineteenth century, Shibusawa served as retainer during the bakumatsu, as official in the Meiji government, businessman, philanthropist, and non-official diplomat. This paper examines the germination of Shibusawa’s view of Japan’s foreign affairs.
著者
猪瀬 あゆみ
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.3-19, 2018-11-30

東アジアの言語と表象 (East Asian languages and Representations)This paper looks at the artistic works of The Narrow Road to the Deep North by Yosa Buson (1716-1783). Three scrolls and one folding screen are extant. Buson completed these works, which were inspired by the famous prose and verse collection by Matsuo Basho (1644-1694), The Narrow Road to the Deep North, in the late 18th century, when a revival movement of Basho's poetic style was flourishing. There has unfortunately been a dearth of serious or detailed academic discussion on the relationship between Buson's paintings and his accompanying calligraphy. This research paper puts forward the proposition that these works differ from other artists' output, with particular emphasis being placed on his "The Trio of Poetry Calligraphy Drawing" in the Edo Era. Through a painstaking examination of each work, this paper seeks to clarify how the composition of the paintings and the calligraphy help form a harmonious whole.
著者
裵 洙淨
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.21-42, 2015-11-01

東アジアの言語と表象Hamada Shoji (1894−1978) was a representative potter in Japan. He is usually regarded as a member of the mingei society together with Yanagi Muneyoshi(1889−1961), who was also the founder of the mingei (folk crafts) movement. Because of this, Hamada is often called a mingei artist. However Hamada preferred to be called a 'potter' rather than an artist. In other words, Hamada thought of himself as an individual potter influenced by the philosophy of the mingei movement. The aim of this study is to reveal the aesthetic sense of Korean ceramics through the point of view of mingei (folk crafts) and also by looking at a number of works by Hamada Shoji. Hamada often said "I found my way in Kyoto, started in Britain, learned in Okinawa, and grew up in Mashiko." However he also studied many of the forms and techniques of Korean ceramics, especially Punchong ware with its iron-painted on brushed white slip (hakeme), and the faceted jar (mentori). Furthermore, Hamada thought that Korean ceramics were composed of crafts, potters, and lives. As a result of his study of Korean ceramics, Hamada found an aesthetic of freedom and developed his own sense of modern beauty. In conclusion, Korean ceramics contain the ultimate aesthetic, with which Hamada, Yanagi and the mingei society shared.
著者
董 伊莎
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
no.7, pp.167-184, 2017-11-30

This paper discusses the historical development of the Rei ritual by examining the records dealing with rites. Next, utilizing the theories of religious studies and sociology, the existence of Rei, which was not included in the ancestral worship system nor in the traditional Confucian set of values, shall be analyzed structurally. As a result of this analysis it is shown that Rei rituals were regarded as vulgar folk religion. This view may have resulted in the lack of written records in official histories and manuals of rites. This paper also discusses the interaction between the state and the popular level of religious life. It is shown that Rei rituals were very popular among the common people and sometimes acted as models of governance in local societies. Furthermore Rei rituals included ideas about the salvation of the dead that shares commonalities with other organized religious beliefs. Because this it can be seen that both upper and lower levels of society held similar ideas regarding death.
著者
李 暁辰
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.185-201, 2013-12-01

Keijō Imperial University was Japan’s sixth imperial university and first imperial university to be built outside Japan proper. In 1928 Taipei Imperial University opened with two faculties, the faculty of literature and politics and the faculty of agriculture and science. In this paper I analyze modern Sinology at Keijō Imperial University in Seoul, Korea, and Taihoku Imperial University in Taipei, Taiwan during the Japanese colonial era. First I describe the mission, ideology, and roles of the first presidents of both imperial universities. Next I elucidate the characteristics that distinguish the organization of these imperial universities between 1872 and 1879 from other imperial universities. Finally, I discuss the professors who were in charge of courses on Chinese philosophy at both universities, including the structure of the courses and the human network involved. Using this approach of tracing the flow of modern academic knowledge of Chinese philosophy, I will follow the trends from the imperial universities of Japan to those of Korea and Taiwan.
著者
李 暁辰
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
no.2, pp.185-201, 2013-12-01

Keijō Imperial University was Japan's sixth imperial university and first imperial university to be built outside Japan proper. In 1928 Taipei Imperial University opened with two faculties, the faculty of literature and politics and the faculty of agriculture and science. In this paper I analyze modern Sinology at Keijō Imperial University in Seoul, Korea, and Taihoku Imperial University in Taipei, Taiwan during the Japanese colonial era. First I describe the mission, ideology, and roles of the first presidents of both imperial universities. Next I elucidate the characteristics that distinguish the organization of these imperial universities between 1872 and 1879 from other imperial universities. Finally, I discuss the professors who were in charge of courses on Chinese philosophy at both universities, including the structure of the courses and the human network involved. Using this approach of tracing the flow of modern academic knowledge of Chinese philosophy, I will follow the trends from the imperial universities of Japan to those of Korea and Taiwan.東アジアの思想と構造
著者
村上 敬
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.65-82, 2015-11-01

東アジアの言語と表象Research about Japanese paintings from after the mid-Edo period has recently been criticized as valuing Western culture over and above Chinese culture. At the root of the problem lies a dichotomy between Japan as being leader of Asia and the West in the two-dimensional world view of early modern Japan. Such criticism can be aimed at research about Maruyama Ōkyo, who was one of the most representative painters of Edo period Japan. In this paper I discuss Konoe Iehiro, who was a court noble with indirect ties to Ōkyo and who was also fond of the latest Chinese imports at that time. He imported the latest Chinese paintings from the Ryukyu islands, predating the arrival in Japan of Shen Quran. I elucidate the fact that Ōkyo was supported by Iehiro's salons that recognized the importance of replications of paintings by Sun Yi and others. Just prior to Ōkyo's birth, there was a revival of the Song and Yuan periods' painting style. As a result, Shen Quan came to Japan, creating the foundation upon which the shasei-ga of Ōkyo could be accepted by the art world of that time. In other words, an interest in and understanding of paintings from a variety of regions already existing in Kyoto in the middle of the Edo period does not readily fit within today's accepted framework of Japanese art history.
著者
石田 智子
出版者
関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
雑誌
文化交渉 : Journal of the Graduate School of East Asian Cultures : 東アジア文化研究科院生論集 (ISSN:21874395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.47-59, 2013-12-01

東アジアの言語と表象This thesis focuses on the blank space in the paintings of Kano Tan'yu, especially "Illustrated Mirror of Chinese Emperors" from the paintings of the Nagoya Castle Jorakuden that are referred as good examples that has the characters of the Kano Tan'yu's style. The paintings of Kano Tan'yu have broad blank space. I argue that they were useful for painters when they produced many paintings and combine figures and scenes on paintings. Moreover, I insist that Tan'yu painted less motifs for his pupils tracing them easily.