著者
川又 伸彦
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.164, pp.97-109, 2021

はじめに1.条約を契機とする国内の人権保障の進展2.子の連れ去りについてのハーグ条約の概要3.子の連れ去りについての日本の状況と課題4.考察 ─子の連れ去りについての憲法学的試論─おわりに
著者
結城 剛志
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.139, pp.117-129, 2013

This is a fragmental note for studying the theory of Credit Money and Cartalism. This note includes three fragments. The first fragment summarizes the theoretical understandings of the system of modern inconvertible bank notes. The second fragment describes the precedence studies in the theory of Cartalism. The third fragment introduces and considers the examination of ‘the theories of standard of money’ in “A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy” (Marx [1859]). How to understand the modern inconvertible bank notes is a very hot issue: It has been debated whether the notes are credit money or state paper money. The ‘inconvertible bank notes debate’ proposed a critical point of the theory of credit money that cannot explain the connection of gold money and inconvertible paper money. Traditional money-credit theory explains the credit money as convertible bank notes based on gold money, but the theory does not explain the inconvertible bank notes based on gold or any commodities consistently. The state money theory seems to explain the inconvertible bank notes successfully, but this theory has some theoretical inconsistency, too. In order to understand the modern system of money, this note summarizes the debate and picks up three issues, the concept of commodity, the interpretation of national bond as commodity, and the understanding of convertibility. The second fragment describes other doctrines explaining the inconvertible bank notes named cartalistic money, that is paper money which is not a commodity and contains no metal. The famous cartalist Birmingham school in the 19th century is criticized as ‘inflationist’ by Hawtrey [1928] or determined as ‘the doctrine of the ideal measure of money’ by Marx. The third fragment examines the definition of ‘the doctrine of the ideal measure of money’ and another version of cartalism, ‘the theory of the nominal standard of money’. The former theory is represented by Attwood and other Birmingham school theorists, the latter theory is represented by Steuart. Their considerations imply that these ideal money theories include three conditions of the ideal money: proportion to value, invariability of value, and arbitrariness of fixing a standard. However, we cannot approach credit money theory on this theoretical level, and we still have few clues between simple commodity circulation and the level of credit theory.
著者
植林 茂
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.137, pp.57-76, 2012

山形県では, 三隣亡の年は1年間を通して家を建てることを避けるべきであるという迷信が, 現時点においても広く浸透している。この地域的なアノマリーについて分析すると, 山形県の年間三隣亡は住宅投資(持家の新設住宅着工) への負の効果が認められ, 簡単な計量分析を行えば, 三隣亡の年には住宅着工が平均的に15~20%程度減少している。また, その影響は, 庄内地域だけではなく, 山形県全体に及んでいる一方で, 近隣他県においてはみられない。さらに, 三隣亡という迷信が住宅着工に影響を与えるというアノマリーは, プロスペクト理論を使えば, ある程度説明できる。In Yamagata prefecture, we can find the anomaly that most people avoid building residential houses in the Sanrinbou year which exists three times in 12 years (one circle of the signs of the zodiac in Chinese astrology). Econometric analyses show that the dummy variable of “Annual Sanrinbou” of the estimation equation has a 15~20% negative effect on residential investment. This negative effect spreads to all areas of Yamagata prefecture, but the phenomenon can’t be found in other prefectures. The mechanism of this anomaly can be explained mostly by the Cumulative Prospect Theory.
著者
加藤 秀雄
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
no.148, pp.81-111, 2016

Ⅰ 桐生市産業の変遷と現在の基本的特質1.工業統計調査からみた桐生市産業の変貌2.桐生市繊維関連団体データからみえてくる特徴3.周辺3市域からみえてくる現桐生市域の特徴Ⅱ 桐生市産業の発展の歩みと諸課題1.和装織物業の挑戦2.アパレル産業を構成する桐生繊維企業の取り組み3.その他の繊維関連企業4.工業団地に立地する機械金属工業等Ⅲ 地域産業の発展に向けての分析視角1.和装織物企業の発展課題と産地問題の行方2.日本アパレル産業と桐生繊維産業の比較分析3.地域産業の発展に向けての立地政策の課題
著者
加藤 秀雄
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.148, pp.81-111, 2016

After the Second World War, the Kiryu textile production region developed as a production center and exporter of textiles. Kiryu then underwent great changes caused by various events including the Textile Industry Problem between Japan and the United States and the Nixon Shock. It is known that during the same period, the neighboring regions of Isesaki, Ota, Tatebayashi, Ashikaga, and Sano were quick to attract automotive and electrical industrial factories. However, Kiryu was able to undergo only a small degree of industrial development. This difference was due to geographical constraints of Kiryu, and the influences of the formerly powerful fiber production industry. This historical difference is the cause of the modern challenges to Kiryu City’s industrial development. These points will be further researched to present the current condition of Kiryu City’s industry and challenges for future industrial development. This paper will analyze the current condition of industry in Kiryu City and determine analytical perspectives for future research.
著者
田中 恭子
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.140, pp.31-39, 2013

さいたま市の見沼田んぼ地域では,公有地化推進事業が実施されている。農地の管理を委託された市民団体が,水田や畑を耕作し,緑地保全のための市民活動が盛んである。本稿では,見沼田んぼの公有地化推進事業の導入に至った歴史的な経緯を考察するとともに,現在の公有地の管理と利用の実態を明らかにする。市民団体などに委託された土地では,市民が共同して無農薬,有機農業を実践し,自然環境保全がはかられている事例を報告する。さらに2012年からは公有地の賃貸制度も導入され,公有地化推進事業に新たな展開も見られていることが注目される。
著者
牛嶋 俊一郎
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.139, pp.1-18, 2013

While over the past several decades the Okun's law has been applied to the Japanese economy in various ways, a few attempts had been made to create time series of potential output and GDP gap by utilizing the Okun's law. One reason behind this may be a seeming instability of the Okun's law coefficient in Japan. Furthermore there are many economics professors and researchers who regard the Okun's law as too volatile to get reliable evidence for analyzing important topics like GDP gap, potential output, and unemployment. However, the seeming instability of the Okun's coefficient can be removed by appropriately taking into account a change in potential growth and important structural changes during the estimation period. This paper aims at showing the usefulness of the Okun's law in the Japanese economy for analyzing price development and considering ways to overcome deflation by demonstrating how accurately can Okun's-lawbased GDP gap follow inflation/deflation development in the past 30 years.
著者
漆畑 春彦
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
no.143, pp.159-195, 2014

はじめに第1章 国外金融機関の積極買収策1.1980年代の経営課題2.国外金融機関の積極買収策第2章 モルガングレンフェルの買収と国際投資銀行業の展開1.モルガングレンフェルの買収と背景2.1990年代の投資銀行部門の業務体制3.国際投資銀行市場における業務活動第3章 米投資銀行市場における業務展開1.米投資銀行市場における業務体制の整備2.C.J. ローレンス/ ドイチェバンク・セキュリティーズの業務展開3.ドイチェ・モルガングレンフェルの業務展開おわりに:1990年代の国際投資銀行業務の評価
著者
金子 秀
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.140, pp.61-86, 2013

The Japanese government suggests that the health industry is a growing industry.In particular, pharmaceutical and medical equipment industries are significant sectors of the health industry.The author agrees, but can Japanese pharmaceutical companies compete? This paper looks at two companies (Takeda Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. and Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.) and examines their profitability between 2004 and 2011. The paper focuses on management capital which is a value driver of total capital. The findings are as follows.Takeda is based on small molecule drugs which are not related to unmet medical needs. As a result, the Rate of Return on Assets (ROA) for Takeda is in an alarming decline.On the other hand, Chugai is based on big molecule drugs which are related to unmet medical needs. Chugai is under the control of F. Hoffman-La Roche Ltd., and it introduces bio drugs. Therefore, the ROA for Chugai has been constant for 8 years.Why is the Takeda ROA in decline? This paper researches the factor of profitability (profitability analysis).In Takeda, both the ratio of profit to net sales and the rate of management capital turnover are in decline. Takeda has not developed new innovative drugs. In the case of Chugai, not only the ratio of profit to net sales but also the rate of management capital turnover are generally constant because Chugai introduces bio drugs through the Roche group.In the future, the success of the two companies depends on their R&D capability to develop innovative drugs.
著者
牛嶋 俊一郎
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.133, pp.89-120, 2011

In Japan, the GDP gap has been estimated by the production function. This approach reveals a long-term trend of Japanese economy, in which the GDP gap fluctuates within a narrow range, and shows the GDP gap does not closely correlate with price development. The aim of this paper is to estimate the GDP gap based on the Okun's law and show that deflation in Japan has a close relation with the GDP gap development in the long stagnation after the asset bubble burst. Unlike existing studies based on the Okun's law, this paper uses potential growth rates, a byproduct of the Okun's law coefficient instead of coefficient itself, to estimate the GDP gap due to the fact that the Okun's law coefficient is not stable over time in Japan and varies according to the estimation period. A new GDP gap estimation tested in this paper clearly shows that the Japanese economy has been suffered from a large GDP gap after the asset bubble burst and deflation is closely related to the GDP gap development.
著者
結城 剛志
出版者
埼玉大学経済学会
雑誌
社会科学論集 = SHAKAIKAGAKU-RONSHU (The Social Science Review) (ISSN:05597056)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.152・153合併号, pp.41-60, 2018

Generally speaking, the Marxist approach cannot explain the modern banking system because of its stand on metallism. We find that this misapprehension occurs not only in Schumpeter’s summarization of monetary doctrines as metallism but also in Marx’s critique of Attwood’s ideal account of money. The former can be rectified easily by analyzing the concept of the commodity, but research on the latter has been limited. In Zur Kritik der politischen Ökonomie(1859), it seems that Marx supports the ‘real’ concept of money or money as metal since he obviously denies the ideal or nominal concept of money. However, this study provides another interpretation―that the notion of ‘ideal’ does not necessarily signify nonvalue nor need it be unrelated to the commodity economy in Marx’s sense ― by reconsidering the historical understanding of the debates regarding the ideal account of money. We focus on two letters from Attwood to the Earl of Liverpool indicating that Attwood’s concept of the ideal has three purposes. The first is to move the monetary system from the gold standard of value to the real value of the pound because economic subjects commonly have fine gold in mind when they present an ideal account of money rather than gold coins circulated as sovereigns. The second is to treat monetary value as inter-temporal because artificial changes in the standard of value can cause confusion in the credit-debt relationship. The third is to raise prices and promote national wealth by extending the Bank Restriction Act because reverting to the gold standard can lead both to depreciating prices and to a shrinking national economy. The result of the examination clarifies the linkage between the value of the ideal account of money and the commodity economy and considers inconsistencies in the concept of value in the two letters.