著者
Hongyan Wu Atsuko Yamaguchi
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.4, pp.192-201, 2014-08-31 (Released:2014-09-12)
参考文献数
92
被引用文献数
2

The life sciences field is entering an era of big data with the breakthroughs of science and technology. More and more big data-related projects and activities are being performed in the world. Life sciences data generated by new technologies are continuing to grow in not only size but also variety and complexity, with great speed. To ensure that big data has a major influence in the life sciences, comprehensive data analysis across multiple data sources and even across disciplines is indispensable. The increasing volume of data and the heterogeneous, complex varieties of data are two principal issues mainly discussed in life science informatics. The ever-evolving next-generation Web, characterized as the Semantic Web, is an extension of the current Web, aiming to provide information for not only humans but also computers to semantically process large-scale data. The paper presents a survey of big data in life sciences, big data related projects and Semantic Web technologies. The paper introduces the main Semantic Web technologies and their current situation, and provides a detailed analysis of how Semantic Web technologies address the heterogeneous variety of life sciences big data. The paper helps to understand the role of Semantic Web technologies in the big data era and how they provide a promising solution for the big data in life sciences.
著者
Yingying Ding Huamei Yan Zhen Ning Xiaofeng Cai Yin Yang Rong Pan Yanqiu Zhou Huang Zheng Meiyang Gao Keming Rou Zunyou Wu Na He
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2016.01035, (Released:2016-04-06)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
19

Little is known about the acceptance and actual uptake of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and associated factors in men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. This study is the baseline survey of an intervention study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of tenofovirdisoproxil fumarate (TDF) on a daily use for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention among MSM in Shanghai, China. From October 2012 to December 2013, a total of 1,033 MSM in Shanghai were recruited by local district Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and a MSM community-based non-governmental organization (NGO). Among them, 197 (19.1%) participants expressed willingness to use the TDF group at baseline survey, but only 26 (2.5%) participated in the TDF group and took TDF one tablet a day. Higher willingness to use PrEP was associated with being 45 years or older, non-local residents, having more male sex partners in the past 6 months and not using condom at last anal sex with man. Acutal uptake of PrEP was associated with having ≥ 11 male sex partners in lifetime and reporting no female sex partners in lifetime. Reasons for not participating in TDF group among those who expressed willingness to use PrEP at baseline survey included loss of contact, ineligiblity because of abnormal results for liver or renal function tests, change of mind, and HIV seroconversion before uptake of PrEP. Our findings suggest that promotion of PrEP in MSM remains challenging at current circumstancein China. Future research is needed to solicit effective education and intervention programs to promote acceptance of PrEP among Chinese MSM.
著者
Yang Sun Hongzhou Lu
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.3, pp.189-191, 2014-06-30 (Released:2014-07-17)
参考文献数
11
被引用文献数
1

In more than 20 years of medical practice, a surprising phenomenon has often occurred: some patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) decide not to go to the hospital and they do not let others know that they are suffering from the disease unless they believe that they are dieing. Zhang Shan (a pseudonym) is one such patient with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS who was reluctant to receive antiviral therapy as soon as possible, and this paper shares Zhang's story as he related it. Clearly, there are numerous views as to why patients in China behave as Zhang did. Presented here are several reasons, including society, history, morality and ideology, family, and education. Although all of these reasons do play a role, the patient’s mindset and behavior is the most significant reason for a patient’s reluctance to seek treatment or disclose his/her status. If the individual patient’s mindset and behavior are not dealt with effectively, then HIV/AIDS can continue to spread and threaten additional lives and even the fabric of society. This paper analyzes the reasons why patients are hesitant to receive antiviral therapy, but this paper also suggests steps healthcare personnel can take to encourage patients to seek treatment. Such steps can save the lives of current patients with HIV/AIDS. In addition, sound public health measures and a rational approach to treatment are important to helping potential patients with HIV/AIDS.
著者
Shalong Wang Lianwen Yuan
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2016.01078, (Released:2016-06-02)
参考文献数
92
被引用文献数
2

Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer. The treatment of GC remains challenging as the outcomes achieved with surgery alone or adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy are relatively poor. New treatment strategies are emerging and are being tested in solid tumors including GC. Over the past few years, the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) has made great advances, but strategies to manage GC have improved little. Multiple drug resistance is common in GC chemotherapy and targeted therapy; some patients appear to receive treatment that is suboptimal or even inefficacious. Unfortunately, there are few validated predictive biomarkers to guide the tailored treatment of GC. ToGA and AVAGAST are two phase III trials that tested the efficacy and safety of targeted agents in advanced gastric cancer (AGC), and results clearly indicated that patients need to be selected and that targeted agents are the best hope for better results. This review aims to provide an overview of potential predictive biomarkers for cytotoxic and targeted agents in GC.
著者
Fabian Grass Matthieu Cachemaille David Martin Nicolas Fournier Dieter Hahnloser Catherine Blanc Nicolas Demartines Martin Hübner
出版者
International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.1, pp.47-53, 2018-02-28 (Released:2018-03-18)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to compare multimodal pain management and pain perception after open vs. laparoscopic colorectal surgery within enhanced recovery care. Pain scores at rest and at mobilization were prospectively assessed in consecutive patients using Visual Analog Scales (VAS 0-10) and consumption of different analgesics was recorded daily until 96 hours postoperatively. Uni- and multivariate risk factors for pain peaks (≥ 4/10) were identified by logistic regression and compared between two propensity score matched groups (open vs. laparoscopic). 156 open and 176 laparoscopic procedures were included. Mean VAS scores were consistently < 3 until 96 hours at rest and at mobilization. Patients operated by laparoscopy experienced more pain peaks (≥ 4) within 24 hours (p < 0.05), while patients operated by open approach experienced more pain peaks (≥ 4) during mobilization at 72 hours (p < 0.05). Independent risk factors for insufficient pain control (≥ 4) within 24 hours from surgery were duration of the procedure (OR 3.37, 95%CI 2.03-5.59), emergency surgery (OR 3.01, 95%CI 1.72-5.31), wound infiltration (OR 3.23, 95%CI 0.97-10.70), age < 70 years (OR 2.03, 95% CI 1.18-3.48) and ASA I-II score (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.19-3.56). The perioperative adding of lidocaine ± ketamine to opioids did not improve postoperative pain perception nor decrease morphine equivalents. In conclusion, overall pain scores were low after colorectal surgery. However, pain peaks remained a concern early after minimally invasive surgery and after epidural removal for open surgery. Multimodal strategies were not superior to opioids alone.
著者
Xuanjun Dong Jie Yang Lianqin Lou Liebo Zhu Xiayan Feng Linong Yao
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2017.01113, (Released:2017-06-18)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
1

This study reviewed and analyzed data on malaria cases in Yiwu from 2012 to 2016 via a webbased system for managing and reporting information on infectious diseases. A total of 161 cases were diagnosed (77.02% due to Plasmodium falciparum, 18.01% due to P. vivax, 4.35% due to P. ovale, and 0.62% due to P. malariae). One case was imported from Yunnan Province in China and the others were imported from overseas. The ratio of male to female patients was 7.47:1. The average age was 36.34 years (SD: 9.63). Most cases (87.58%) were imported from 1 of 30 countries in Africa. As malaria is gradually being eliminated in China, the main task at this stage has transitioned to the prevention and control of cases of imported malaria. Particular attention should be paid to malaria cases from Africa.
著者
Bing Han Chuan Li Hao Meng Fernando Gomes Romeiro Andrea Mancuso Zhirui Zhou Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri Ying Xu Tao Han Lei Han Lichun Shao Xingshun Qi
出版者
International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.1, pp.10-22, 2019-02-28 (Released:2019-03-14)
参考文献数
79

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors. During the recent years, external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) has been safely and effectively employed for the management of HCC. We overviewed the current evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of EBRT for HCC according to the different target population. PubMed database was searched for identifying English-language full-text articles regarding EBRT for the treatment of HCC. Search items were "hepatocellular carcinoma AND radiation therapy". Until now, preliminary evidence has suggested the following role of EBRT for HCC. 1) EBRT, especially stereotactic body radiation therapy, is an emerging choice of therapy for small HCC. 2) EBRT combined with non-surgical treatment can achieve an excellent intrahepatic tumor control and a potential survival benefit for huge HCC. 3)Adjunctive EBRT may improve the efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization for HCC with portal vein tumor thrombosis. 4) EBRT can relieve the pain and improve the quality of life for patients with extrahepatic metastases. 5) EBRT may be a bridge to liver transplantation by minimizing the tumor progression. 6) Adjunctive EBRT may reduce the tumor recurrence and improve the survival after resection. In summary, EBRT is a promising choice of treatment of HCC. However, more high-quality evidence is needed to further establish the status of EBRT for the management of HCC.
著者
Yuko Yamada Shuji Takabayashi Hideki Kato Kenji Ishiwata Naohiro Watanabe Erika Sasaki Sonoko Habu
出版者
International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2017.01219, (Released:2018-01-15)
参考文献数
29

The in vivo model of pollinosis has been established using rodents, but the model cannot completely mimic human pollinosis. We used Callithrix jacchus, the common marmoset (CM), to establish a pollinosis animal model using intranasal weekly administration of cedar pollen extract with cholera toxin adjuvant. Some of the treated CMs exhibited the symptoms of snitching, excess nasal mucus and/or sneezing, but the period was very short, and the symptoms disappeared after several weeks. The CD4+CD25+ cell ratio in the peripheral blood increased in CMs quickly after the nasal administration of cedar pollen extract, but the timing was not parallel with the symptoms. IL-10 mRNA was enhanced in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), suggesting CM-induced tolerance for cedar pollen administration. Similarly, Foxp3 mRNA was also detected in the PBMC. Additive sensitization of these CMs with Ascaris egg administration did not enhance chronic inflammation of type 1 allergy to induce the symptoms. These results suggest that the environmental immune cells develop transient allergic symptoms and subsequent immune-tolerance in the intranasally sensitized CMs.
著者
Hamidreza Namazi Amin Akrami Jamal Hussaini Osmar N. Silva Albert Wong Vladimir V. Kulish
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.6, pp.477-481, 2016 (Released:2017-01-16)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
1 27

Human DNA is the main unit that shapes human characteristics and features such as behavior. Thus, it is expected that changes in DNA (DNA mutation) influence human characteristics and features. Face is one of the human features which is unique and also dependent on his gen. In this paper, for the first time we analyze the variations of human DNA and face simultaneously. We do this job by analyzing the fractal dimension of DNA walk and face during human aging. The results of this study show the human DNA and face get more complex by aging. These complexities are mapped on fractal exponents of DNA walk and human face. The method discussed in this paper can be further developed in order to investigate the direct influence of DNA mutation on the face variations during aging, and accordingly making a model between human face fractality and the complexity of DNA walk.
著者
Karlheinz Friedrich Helmut Dolznig Xiaonan Han Richard Moriggl
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2016.01250, (Released:2017-02-02)
参考文献数
50
被引用文献数
9

STAT1/STAT3 transcription factors are important regulators for development of normal, infected or inflammed cells. They are also critically involved in the progression of various malignant tumours, including epithelial-derived carcinomas. Here, we focus on colorectal cancer (CRC) insights for STAT1/3, where controversial functions for STAT3 were reported. For a long time STAT3 has been regarded as a driver of tumour malignancy and its activation was associated with negative clinical outcome. In contrast, STAT1 was generally viewed as an independent tumour suppressor and positive prognostic marker. Here we discuss the experimental evidence for the tight association and regulation of oncogenic STAT3 transcription kept at bay by nuclear STAT1. We summarise current research and describe cellular models of different STAT1/STAT3 expression ratios. STAT1/3 expression levels are influenced by the mutational status of carcinoma cells associated with nuclear unphosphorylated STAT1. Animal tumour models and results from in vitro experiments allow for the conclusion that both proteins interact as antagonistic transcription factors in CRC cells. These STATs steer also important processes during infection and inflammation that influence development and progression of CRC. The STAT1/3 interplay is important to understand gene regulation and we describe it here similar like the YIN/YANG dualism. Thus, we propose to evaluate both STAT1 and STAT3 expression patterns in cancers in a dual manner instead of regarding them as independent transcription factors. This conceptual dualistic view could advance diagnostic predictions in the future.
著者
Appadurai Daniel Reegan Stanislaus Antony Ceasar Michael Gabriel Paulraj Savarimuthu Ignacimuthu Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2016.01180, (Released:2016-12-18)
参考文献数
74
被引用文献数
7

Mosquitoes pose a major threat to human health as they spread many deadly diseases like malaria, dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, Japanese encephalitis and Zika. Identification and use of novel molecular tools are essential to combat the spread of vector borne diseases. Genome editing tools have been used for the precise alterations of the gene of interest for producing the desirable trait in mosquitoes. Deletion of functional genes or insertion of toxic genes in vector mosquitoes will produce either knock-out or knock-in mutants that will check the spread of vector-borne diseases. Presently, three types of genome editing tools viz., zinc finger nuclease (ZFN), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALEN) and clustered regulatory interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR associated protein 9 (Cas9) are widely used for the editing of the genomes of diverse organisms. These tools are also applied in vector mosquitoes to control the spread of vector-borne diseases. A few studies have been carried out on genome editing to control the diseases spread by vector mosquitoes and more studies need to be performed with the utilization of more recently invented tools like CRISPR/Cas9 to combat the spread of deadly diseases by vector mosquitoes. The high specificity and flexibility of CRISPR/Cas9 system may offer possibilities for novel genome editing for the control of important diseases spread by vector mosquitoes. In this review, we present the current status of genome editing research on vector mosquitoes and also discuss the future applications of vector mosquito genome editing to control the spread of vectorborne diseases.
著者
Jinjin Zhang Jiaqiang Xiong Li Fang Zhiyong Lu Meng Wu Liangyan Shi Xian Qin Aiyue Luo Shixuan Wang
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2016.01125, (Released:2016-07-26)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
1 2

Numerous studies have reported that human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (hUCMSC) therapy can rescue the structure and function of injured tissues. The aims of this study were to explore the protective role of hUCMSC transplantation in a model of accelerated ovarian aging and to compare 2 methods of transplanting hUCMSCs, i.e. i) via intravenous injection (IV) and ii) in situ ovarian micro injection (MI). Female mice were subjected to superovulation and ozone inhalation to create a model of accelerated ovarian aging with a decline in both the quantity and quality of oocytes. Cells were transplanted via IV or MI, and ovaries were removed after 2 weeks or 1 month of treatment. Ovarian reserve and function were evaluated based on the follicle counts, hormone levels, the estrous cycle, and reproductive performance. Cell tracking, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and Western blot analysis were used to assess the inner mechanisms of injury and repair. Results indicated that ovarian function increased significantly after treatment with hUCMSCs. Immunofluorescence revealed reduced TUNEL staining and a decreased percentage of apoptotic cells. A higher level of expression of anti-apoptotic and antioxidant enzymes was noted in the ovaries of groups treated with hUCMSCs. These parameters were enhanced more when mice were treated with hUCMSCs for 1 month than when they treated with hUCMSCs for 2 weeks. IV was better able to restore ovarian function than MI. These results suggest that both methods of transplantation may improve ovarian function and that IV transplantation of hUCMSCs can significantly improve ovarian function and structural parameters more than MI transplantation of hUCMSCs can.
著者
Jin Wen Yongzhong Cheng Xiuying Hu Ping Yuan Tianyou Hao Yingkang Shi
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.1, pp.27-33, 2016 (Released:2016-03-10)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
2 13

The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of burnout among different grade hospitals and to examine if a relation exists between burnout and medical mistakes. A multi-center cross-sectional survey was conducted. Physicians were interviewed in hospitals from 10 provinces in China. Burnout was measured using the Chinese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. Overall, 1,537 physicians were included in this study. Of these, 76.9% reported some burnout symptoms or serious burnout symptoms and 54.8% reported committing medical mistakes during the last year. 39.6%, 50.0%, and 59.5% of the respondents in primary, secondary, and tertiary hospitals respectively reported having made mistakes over the course of the previous year. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that being female was protective against medical mistakes (OR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.58-0.89), whereas physician-reported 60 or more work hours per week (OR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.22-2.22), and physicians who reported serious burnout (OR = 2.28, 95% CI: 1.63-3.17) were independently associated with higher incidence of medical mistakes. In conclusion, Chinese physicians reported high workloads, high rates of burnout and high medical mistakes. Physicians in tertiary hospitals were especially overworked and suffered the most serious burnout. Longer work hours per week, and burnout were the independent risk factors for medical mistakes.
著者
Jufeng Xia Peipei Song Lingzhong Xu Wei Tang
出版者
バイオ&ソーシャル・サイエンス推進国際研究交流会
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2015.01047, (Released:2015-04-21)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
3

Over the past few years, genetically modified organisms (GMO) have gradually become more familiar after numerous reports of problems with GMO safety, such as genetically modified (GM) potatoes disrupting immunity, GM corn inducing tumors, and GM rice being fed to unwitting Chinese children. Every time, these reports cause panic among the population and lead to objections to GMO in various fora. After each incident, the scientific community has delivered its academic appraisal and refuted rumors through slow and cautious investigations and evaluations. Unfortunately, during each event media outlets quickly scare the public about food safety and ignore the ensuing comments from scientists. Although scientists have investigated each GMO crisis and reached scientific and rational conclusions, they have less ability to disseminate information than the media, so the public is not promptly informed of their rational and objective viewpoints as experts. Thus, scientists need greater ability to disseminate information from scientific investigations and evaluations in order to correct the intemperate reporting by attention-seeking media.
著者
He Miao Jianjun Gao Zishuo Mou Baolei Wang Li Zhang Li Su Yantao Han Yepeng Luan
出版者
International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2019.01055, (Released:2019-04-25)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
1

Histone deacetylase is an important member of epigenetics and a well validated target for anti-cancer drug discovery. In this study, we designed and synthesized a series of twenty-one novel hydroxamic acid-based histone deacetylase inhibitors with 4-piperidin-4-yl-triazole as the core skeleton. Most target compounds displayed excellent inhibition rates toward histone deacetylases at the concentration of 1 μM. Among them, the inhibition rates of two compounds MH1-18 and MH1-21 exceeded 90%. Furthermore, these two compounds selectively inhibited the activity of histone deacetylase 6 with low IC50 values. The high potency of them toward histone deacetylase 6 was rationalized by molecular docking studies. We found that MH1-18 and MH1-21 moderately inhibited the proliferation of four human cancer cell lines SGC-7901, NCI-H226, MCF-7, and HL-60. However, MH1-21 showed potent efficacy in suppressing the migration of MCF-7 cells. Results obtained in the current study shed light on designing potent HDAC6 inhibitors as anti-cancer agents.
著者
Yan Gao Chuanqi Zhang Yisi Liu Min Wang
出版者
International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2019.01021, (Released:2019-04-24)
参考文献数
27

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a class of endogenous non-coding RNAs that are closely related to the pathogenesis of many human diseases, particularly cancer. However, the characterization of circRNAs in high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the expression profile of circRNAs in HGSOC. Expression profiles of circRNAs differential expression based on circRNAs High-throughput sequencing were identified in 3 HGSOC specimens and 3 normal ovarian tissues. A total of 710 differentially expressed circRNAs were found (354 expressions up-regulated and 356 expressions down-regulated). CircRNA sequencing data were verified by qRT-PCR in HGSOC tissue and benign ovarian lesions. Differential expression of 7 circRNAs (circRNA385, circRNA2058, circRNA3336, circRNA2606, circRNA1656, circRNA1312 and circRNA7474) in HGSOC tissue was confirmed by qRT-PCR. Among them, circRNA1656 showed the highest fold change. qRT-PCR was used to verify the expression of circRNA1656 in ovarian cancer cell lines. In order to analyze the relationship between circRNA1656 expression and clinical pathological biological characteristics of HGSOC, qRT-PCR was used to verify the expression of circRNA1656 in 60 HGSOC tissues compared with 60 benign ovarian lesions. The expression of circRNA1656 was down-regulated in HGSOC tissues and ovarian cancer cell lines, and correlated with the FIGO stage of HGSOC. circRNA1656 has the potential to serve as a novel tumor marker for HGSOC.
著者
Lisha Li Yan Sun Na Zhang Xuemin Qiu Ling Wang Qingyan Luo
出版者
International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2018.01291, (Released:2019-02-17)
参考文献数
35

Sufentanil is a type of opioid analgesic and is usually used to facilitate painless labor in combination with the local anesthetic ropivacaine. One aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of sufentanil and ropivacaine on umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs). A second aim of this study was to determine whether sufentanil attenuated the cytotoxicity of ropivacaine in vitro. UCMSCs were divided into 3 groups: one was treated with ropivacaine at a concentration of 50, 100, 200, or 400 μg/mL, another was treated with sufentanil at a concentration of 0.5, 5, 50, or 500 nmol/L, and a third was treated with a combination of ropivacaine at a concentration of 200 μg/mL and sufentanil at a concentration of 0.5, 5, 50, or 500 nmol/L. Results indicated that cell proliferation decreased in cells treated with ropivacaine while it increased in cells treated with sufentanil. In addition, sufentanil limited the inhibitory effect of ropivacaine on UCMSC growth in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Combined treatment with ropivacaine at a concentration of 200 μg/mL and sufentanil at a concentration of 500 nmol/L decreased the proportion of dead and apoptotic UCMSCs, and fewer cells were arrested in the S phase compared to cells treated with ropivacaine. Sufentanil inhibited the apoptosis induced by ropivacaine by increasing miR-182-5p, which regulated the expression of mRNA of the pro-apoptotic genes B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 10 (BCL10) and cytochrome c, somatic (CYCS). Sufentanil also increased the expression of mRNA of anti-apoptotic genes. In short, ropivacaine inhibits the cell viability and induces the apoptosis of UCMSCs in vitro while sufentanil attenuates this apoptosis by regulating miR182-5p/BCL10/CYCS.
著者
Qi Tang Hongzhou Lu
出版者
International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.5, pp.507-509, 2018-10-31 (Released:2018-11-25)
参考文献数
10

China has made substantial progress in tackling its Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, however, the number of people living with HIV / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) continues to increase, with the number of all-cause deaths rising. There are a total 75.6 million people living with HIV and 2.39 million people newly infected with HIV as of December 31, 2017 in China. Besides, while the number of new HIV infections continued to decline in 2017 globally, the data from Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC) show steady increases in new HIV infections in China. The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of new HIV infections in China from 2012 to 2017 was 10.29%, and the CAGR of AIDS-related deaths was 5.92%. Moreover, there was a sudden increase in new HIV infections in China from January 2018, showing the compound monthly growth rate (CMGR) of 2018 increased by 9.92% compared to 2017. Given the advance of globalization, it is increasingly important to focus on the impact of global integration for HIV/AIDS responses, facing the increasing challenge of key affected populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM), young people and older people. Certainly, comprehensive strategies for prevention, drug treatment, and even functional cure will also be crucial for curbing the HIV epidemic in China in the new era.
著者
Guojing Qu Jinhua Chen Xiuli Guo
出版者
International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2018.01172, (Released:2018-12-28)
参考文献数
95

Dietary polyphenols, a natural component in many kinds of foods such as fruits and vegetables, play essential roles in a wide range of plant functions. Importantly, the discovery of the functions of polyphenols including anti-oxidant, anti-carcinogenic and anti-inflammatory has been appealing to researchers' attentions. Dietary polyphenols have shown protective effects on chronic degenerative diseases (CDD) such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and neurodegenerative diseases by regulating gene expression. Dietary polyphenols also affect the composition and activity of gut microbiota, in reverse, gut microbiota influences the bioavailability and physiological activity of dietary polyphenols. However, not all kinds of dietary polyphenols are beneficial for human health. The potential deleterious effects of several dietary polyphenols have been reported by inducing DNA damage and gene mutants. This review summarizes the potential therapeutic effects of dietary polyphenols on chronic degeneration diseases, the polyphenols-gut microbiota interactions, and the potential dangers of individual dietary polyphenols on human health.
著者
Kenji Karako Yu Chen Wei Tang
出版者
International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
雑誌
BioScience Trends (ISSN:18817815)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2018.01264, (Released:2018-12-17)
参考文献数
57

Neural networks have garnered attention over the past few years. A neural network is a typical model of machine learning that is used to identify visual patterns. Neural networks are used to solve a wide variety of problems, including image recognition problems and time series prediction problems. In addition, neural networks have been applied to medicine over the past few years. This paper classifies the ways in which neural networks have been applied to medicine based on the type of data used to train those networks. Applications of neural networks to medicine can be categorized two types: automated diagnosis and physician aids. Considering the number of patients per physician, neural networks could be used to diagnose diseases related to the vascular system, heart, brain, spinal column, head, neck, and tumors/cancer in three fields: vascular and interventional radiology, interventional cardiology, and neuroradiology. Lastly, this paper also considers areas of medicine where neural networks can be effectively applied in the future.